Types of propaganda



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Propaganda - Propaganda within Nazi Germany was taken to a new and frequently perverse level. Hitler was very aware of the value of good propaganda and he appointed Joseph Goebbels as head of propaganda

Propaganda was used by the NSDAP in the years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's leadership of Germany (1933–1945). National Socialist propaganda provided a crucial instrument for acquiring and maintaining power, and for the implementation of their policies, including the pursuit of total war and the extermination of millions of people in the Holocaust.bundesarchiv bild 146-1968-101-20a, joseph goebbels.jpg

Joseph Goebbels was a German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. As one of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devoted followers, he was known for his enthusiastic speeches and deep and strong antisemitism, which led him strongly to support the extermination of the Jews when the Nazi leadership developed their "Final Solution".

Types of propagandahttp://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:and9gcrq_t-fgba8zwud_olfizmqflx1optgis8leo6szbvo7ujp4xss5_3hrzy:www.fnal.gov/culture/newarts/film/films_0809/triumph.jpg


  • Radio

  • Film-‘ triumph of will’

  • Sport- Olympics of 1936

  • Newspapershttp://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:and9gcrlafiy5y7qkgkeoomuat3c0f9nhvogq6tmaobhfssdv_mycppgn3py3squ:www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/spinescover.jpg

  • Posters

  • Photographs

  • Books- history books re-written http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:and9gcqozxmx2slvxehkgm-ppc-huzeutgvk0kn4_yiu9aq-ijoq0uc9rkmu43mh:www.digitalsilver.co.uk/timegun/hun3.jpg

  • Comics

  • Magazines

  • Art

  • Strength through Joy (KDF)

Mark scheme

Question 1

01 Use Sources A and B and your own knowledge.

How far do the views in Source B differ from those in Source A in relation to the use of terror in the years 1933 and 1934? (12 marks)

Nothing written worthy of credit. 0

L1: Answers will either briefly paraphrase/describe the content of the two sources or identify simple comparison(s) between the sources. Skills of written communication will be weak. 1-2

L2: Responses will compare the views expressed in the two sources and identify some differences and/or similarities. There may be some limited own knowledge. Answers will be coherent but weakly expressed. 3-6

L3: Responses will compare the views expressed in the two sources, identifying differences and similarities and using own knowledge to explain and evaluate these. Answers will, for the most part, be clearly expressed. 7-9

L4: Responses will make a developed comparison between the views expressed in the two sources and will apply own knowledge to evaluate and to demonstrate a good contextual understanding. Answers will, for the most part, show good skills of written communication

Propaganda is the art of persuasion - persuading others that your 'side of the story' is correct. Propaganda might take the form of persuading others that your military might is too great to be challenged; that your political might within a nation is too great or popular to challenge etc. In Nazi Germany, Dr Joseph Goebbels was in charge of propaganda. Goebbels official title was Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment.

Key quotes on the subject of propaganda.

"The essence of propaganda consists in winning people over to an idea so sincerely, so vitally, that in the end they succumb to it utterly and can never escape from it." – Goebbels

"Propaganda is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. If the means achieves the end then the means is good.........the new Ministry has no other aim than to unite the nation behind the ideal of the national revolution." -  Goebbels

“ The social, political and military resiliency of the Third Reich is intrinsically connected to the Hitler Youth. It would become the incubator that maintained the political system by replenishing the ranks of the dominant party and preventing mass opposition. There can be little doubt that the uniformed army of teenagers had something to do with promoting the myth of Hitler’s invincible genius. When the war began, the importance of the Hitler Youth as the cradle of an aggressive army became apparent to military leaders. “


-Gerhard Rempel, historian

"the muddled majority, neither full-hearted Nazis nor outright opponents, whose attitudes at one and the same time betray signs of Nazi ideological penetration and yet show the clear limits of propaganda manipulation".

There was some penetration of Nazis values and attitudes but the regimes social propaganda made little sense…

- Ian Kershaw historian

"…The [propaganda] campaign's only rationale was to blunt the sensibilities of the people regarding the campaign of persecution and murder which was being carried out. These press and periodical directives were not mere political polemics, they were not aimless expression of anti-Semitism, and they were not designed only to unite the German people in the war effort...

“… [The directives’] clear and expressed purpose was to enrage Germans against the Jews, to justify the measures taken and to be taken against them, and to subdue any doubts which may arise as to the justice of measures of racial persecution to which Jews were being subjected."

Propaganda Quiz

What does Propaganda mean?

Propaganda is a form of communication aimed at influencing the attitude of a community or person

Propaganda is the way people like to talk

What group of people was Nazi propaganda aimed at the most?

Everyone in Germany

Jewish people

What are two methods of propaganda that the Nazi party used?

Posters & Film

Internet & telephone

Who said, 'a visible enemy is needed'

Adolf Hitler

Henry Ford

What was the percentage of Jewish people in Germany in the 1930s?

1%


10%

Who else was persecuted during the Nazi Regime?

Gypsies, Homosexuals, Academics & some religous groups

Ayrans & Animals

When did Hitler came to power?

January 1933

May 1955

From 1935, Jews were not allowed to marry....?

Anyone


Non Jews

Do you think propaganda is used now days?

Yes, but not always as blatantly as Nazi Germany did

No, because people would not be as easily tricked

Who is Goebbels

German politician and Reich Minister of


Propaganda

leader of Germany



Quiz answers:

1. Propaganda is a form of communication aimed at influencing the attitude of a community or person

2. Everyone in Germany

3. Posters & Film

4. Adolf Hitler

5. 1%


6. Gypsies, Homosexuals, Academics & some religous groups

7. January 1933

8. Non Jews

9. Yes, but not always as blatantly as Nazi Germany did

10. German politician and Reich Minister of
Propaganda

Why was so much effort put into propaganda?

At no time up to 1933, did the Nazi Party win a majority of votes at elections. They may have been the largest political party in 1933, but they did not have a majority of support among the people. Therefore, those who had supported the Nazis needed to be informed on how correct their choice was with an emphasis on the strength of the party and the leadership. Those who opposed the Nazi Party had to be convinced that it was pointless continuing with their opposition. The fact that Goebbels had so much power is indicative of how important Hitler thought it was to ensure that the people were won over or intimidated into accepting Nazi rule.  



"The essence of propaganda consists in winning people over to an idea so sincerely, so vitally, that in the end they succumb to it utterly and can never escape from it." Goebbels

 

"The essence of propaganda consists in winning people over to an idea so sincerely, so vitally, that in the end they succumb to it utterly and can never escape from it." Goebbels

 

"Propaganda is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. If the means achieves the end then the means is good.........the new Ministry has no other aim than to unite the nation behind the ideal of the national revolution."  Goebbels

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