1. Austria-Hungary was the last remnant of what once powerful empire?

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World War I study Guide
1. Austria-Hungary was the last remnant of what once powerful empire?

2. The political situation in Europe in the spring of 1914 is often compared to?

3. This empire agreed to join Serbia in their 1914 war against Austria-Hungary. It had a significant Serbian minority and was unhappy that Austria-Hungary had expanded
into the Balkan region.

4. Why did France join the war against Germany in 1914?

5. This small Western European nation joined the war when German soldiers marched across their land to reach France.

6. A group of idealistic military officers called the “Young Turks” took control of this fading empire in 1908.

7. Why did the Ottoman Empire join the Great War on the side of Germany?

8. This nation was the first to leave the Great War in 1917 when a civil war within their nation forced their leader to leave power.

9. Who were the doughboys?

10 When the American soldiers reached Paris on July 4, 1917, an American officer announced in French, Lafayette, we are here! What did that mean?

11. Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Romania were independent nations carved from this former empire at the end of the Great War.

12.This nation was the last of the Central Powers to hold out against the Allies in the Great War

13. One of the events leading to the Great War was the murder of this Austro-Hungarian archduke in 1914.

14. Which statement was not true in the spring of 1914?

  1. Europe had been at peace for many years. There had not been a multinational war in almost a century. 

  2. Most of the smaller European states had combined or 
were conquered into larger nation-states. 

  3. Most Europeans understood the destructiveness of war 
and worked hard to prevent it. 

  4. Many Europeans were filled with nationalism, or great 
national pride. 

  5. All of the above are true. 

15. Which was not a factor in Austria-Hungary’s decision to declare war on Serbia in 1914?

  1. Austria-Hungary held Serbia responsible for the death 
of their archduke. 

  2. Austria -Hungary wanted minorities within their empire 
to know that ethnic terrorism would be punished. 

  3. Austria-Hungary hoped to stimulate their economy by 
going to war. 

  4. Austria-Hungary hoped to rally their citizens by fighting 
several nations at the same time. 

E. All of the above were factors.

16. Which statement about black Americans is true?

A. After the Civil War, most black Americans lived in

extreme poverty on farms in the southern United States.

B. Northern unions welcomed Black Americans because

the black workers would make the unions stronger.

C. Black Americans served with great honor as officers in

the Great War.

D. Most southern farmers and businessmen were happy to

see the black Americans leave their region.

17. Which statement about the lives of pilots in the Great War is true?

A. After their missions, the pilots could return to air bases instead of remaining in the trenches.

B. The pilots had more control over their destinies than soldiers in the trenches. An agile flying “ace” had a good chance of staying alive, while survival in the trenches often depended on luck.

C. The flying “aces” had glamorous jobs and were heroes to many people.

D. All of the above.

18. Which statement about the end of the Great War is false?

  1. France and Britain followed all of American President 
Woodrow Wilson’s advice. 

  2. Germany was stripped of its overseas colonies and its 
coal-rich Saar region. 

  3. Germany was limited to a small army and was forbidden 
to build large ships. 

  4. The Germans were forced to pay Great Britain and 
France for the damage they caused in the Great War. 

  5. All of the statements are true. 

Extended Response -Twelve-point answer will be scored as follows: two points for including a topic sentence, four points for each valid supporting statement, and two points for including a conclusion. Write a paragraph that explains why Germany, Austria-Hungary or France entered the war in 1914. (think Alliances) 20. Explain why the Great War was more terrifying than any war that preceded it. (Think technology) Extended Response: Synthesis Each question is worth five points and requires you to think for yourself..25. George Washington gave a Farewell Address at the end of his presidency in 1796. Washington urged Americans to avoid alliances with foreign nations. In light of the attacks of September 11, 2001, do you agree with Washington’s advice?

26. Do you agree with the opinion of A. Phillip Randolph or that of W.E.B. DuBois regarding participation in the Great War by Black Americans? In order to earn full credit, you must explain the positions of both men.

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