1. One change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved

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Revolution Study Guide

1. One change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved

2. When it came to the Revolution, it could be said that the American colonists were

3. In a broad sense, America was

4. The American colonial exponents of republicanism argued that a just society depends on

5. Republican belief held that the stability of society and the authority of the government

6. The "radical whigs" feared

7. Mercantilists believed that

8. The founding of the American colonies by the British was

9. Under mercantilist doctrine, the American colonies were expected to do all of the following except

10. The first Navigation Laws were designed to

11. The British Parliament enacted currency legislation that was intended primarily to benefit

12. The British Crown's "royal veto" of colonial legislation

13. Under the mercantilist system, the British government reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies except

14. Before 1763 the Navigation Laws

15. Despite the benefits of the mercantile system, the American colonists disliked it because

16. In some ways, the Navigation Laws were a burden to certain colonists because

17. A new relationship between Britain and its American colonies was initiated in 1763 when __________ assumed charge of colonial policy.

18. Match each act below with the correct description.

___ A. Sugar Act 1. first British law intended to raise

___ B. Stamp Act revenues in the colonies

___ C. Declaratory Act 2. asserted Parliament's absolute

power over the colonies

3. required colonists to lodge British

troops in their homes

4. generated the most protest in the

19. The first law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenues in the colonies for the crown was the

20. The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act to

21. Passage of the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act

22. Unlike the __________ Act, the __________ Act and the __________ Act were both indirect taxes on trade goods arriving in American ports.

23. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) Sugar Act, (B) Declaratory Act, (C) Stamp Act, (D) repeal of the Stamp Act.

24. Colonists objected to the Stamp Act because

25. When colonists shouted "No taxation without representation," they were rejecting Parliament's power to

26. Actions taken by the colonists that helped them unite include

27. "Virtual" representation meant that

28. Colonial protest against the Stamp Act took the form of

29. As a result of American opposition to the Townshend Acts,

30. The colonists took the Townshend Acts less seriously than the Stamp Act because

31. Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) Boston Massacre, (B) Townshend Acts, (C) Tea Act, (D) Intolerable Acts.

32. Match each individual on the left with the correct description.

___ A. Samuel Adams 1. a casualty of the Boston Massacre

___ B. John Adams 2. a foreign volunteer who drilled

___ C. Crispus Attucks American troops during the War of


3. a pamphleteer who first organized

committees to exchange ideas and

information on resisting British


4. a Massachusetts politician who

opposed the moderates' solution to

the imperial crisis at the First

Continental Congress

33. The tax on tea was retained when the Townshend Acts were repealed because

34. The local committees of correspondence organized by Samuel Adams

35. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) clash at Lexington and Concord, (B) meeting of the First Continental Congress, (C) Quebec Act, (D) Boston Tea Party.

36. When Parliament passed the Tea Act, colonists

37. The Boston Tea Party of 1773 was

38. The most drastic measure of the Intolerable Acts was the

39. The Quebec Act

40. The Quebec Act was especially unpopular in the American colonies because it did all of the following except

41. The First Continental Congress was called in order to

42. The First Continental Congress

43. As a result of Parliament's rejection of the petitions of the Continental Congress,

44. As the War for Independence began, Britain had the advantage of

45. All of the following were weaknesses of the British military during the War for Independence except

46. Many Whigs in Britain hoped for an American victory in the War for Independence because they

47. As the War for Independence began, the colonies had the advantage of

48. The colonists faced all of the following weaknesses in the War for Independence except

49. By the end of the War for Independence,

50. African Americans during the Revolutionary War

51. Regarding American independence,

52. "Varying Viewpoints" notes that the most influential view of the American Revolution currently holds that

53. As noted in "Varying Viewpoints," historians since the 1960s have interpreted the Revolutionary struggle as

54. The Navigation Laws required that

55. To a degree, the Navigation Laws were beneficial to colonists because

56. Colonists disliked the new British policy of trying accused tax-policy offenders in admiralty courts because the offenders

57. George Grenville responded to American protests against his policies by asserting that

58. The Townshend Acts

59. In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament

60. When the Second Continental Congress met in 1775,

61. Perhaps the most important single action of the Second Continental Congress was to

62. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) fighting at Lexington and Concord, (B) convening of the Second Continental Congress, (C) publication of Common Sense, (D) adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

63. As commander of America's Revolutionary army, George Washington exhibited all of the following traits except

64. The Revolutionary War began with fighting in __________; then in 1777Ä1778, fighting was concentrated in __________; and the fighting concluded in __________.

65. George Washington's selection to lead the colonial army was

66. In 1775, once fighting between the colonies and Great Britain began,

67. The colonial army eventually lost the Battle of Bunker Hill because its troops were

68. King George III officially declared the colonies in rebellion just after

69. The Olive Branch Petition

70. With the American invasion of Canada in 1775,

71. The colonists' invasion of Canada in 1775

72. The colonists delayed declaring their independence until July 4, 1776, for all of the following reasons except

73. One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to

74. In a republic, power

75. Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense

76. Thomas Paine argued that all government officials

77. The resolution that "These United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states..." was introduced into the Second Continental Congress by Virginia delegate

78. The feasibility of representative government had been demonstrated in the

79. Examples of colonial experience with self-governance, which prepared Americans for a republic, included all of the following except

80. Most Americans considered which of the following to be fundamental for any successful republican government?

81. When America became a republic and political power no longer rested with an all-powerful king,

82. Which individual privately advocated equality for women?

83. The Declaration of Independence did all of the following except

84. Americans who opposed independence for the colonies were labeled __________ or __________, and the independence-seeking Patriots were also known as __________.

85. Like many revolutions, the American Revolution was

86. The Patriot militia played a crucial role in the Revolution in all of the following ways except

87. The Americans who continued to support the crown after independence had been declared were more likely to be all of the following except

88. Many Americans remained loyalists during the Revolution for all of the following reasons except

89. Which of the following fates befell Loyalists after the Revolutionary War?

90. All of the following fates befell colonial Loyalists except

91. Loyalists were least numerous in

92. To help the British, colonial Loyalists did all of the following except

93. General William Howe did not pursue and defeat George Washington's army after the Battle of Long Island for all of the following reasons except

94. In late 1776 and early 1777, George Washington helped restore confidence in America's military by

95. The basic strategy of the British in 1777 was to try to

96. Match each British general below with the battle in which he was involved.

___ A. William Howe 1. Saratoga

___ B. John Burgoyne 2. Yorktown

___ C. Charles Cornwallis 3. Long Island

___ D. Nathanael Greene

97. Arrange these battles in chronological order: (A) Trenton, (B) Saratoga, (C) Long Island, (D) Charleston.

98. After the humiliating defeat at Saratoga in 1777, the British Parliament

99. The Battle of Saratoga was a key victory for the Americans because it
100. France waited to give open assistance to America until after the victory at Saratoga because the French

101. France came to America's aid in the Revolution because

102. America's first entangling alliance was with

103. America's alliance with France was accepted by the American people with

104. The Armed Neutrality League was started by

105. When the alliance with France was formalized, the Americans were able to

106. The commander of French troops in America was

107. French aid to the colonies

108. Shortly after French troops arrived in America, the resulting improvement in morale staggered when

109. The colonists suffered their heaviest losses of the Revolutionary War at the Battle of

110. Match each individual below with the correct descriptive phrase.

___ A. George Rogers Clark 1. commanded the Patriot invasion of

___ B. Nathanael Greene Canada

___ C. John Paul Jones 2. commanded Patriot troops in the South

3. commanded Patriot troops in the West

4. commanded Patriot naval forces

111. Some Indian nations joined the British during the Revolutionary War because

112. The "Fighting Quaker" who cleared most of Georgia and South Carolina was

113. The Indian chief who fought for the British in New York and Pennsylvania was

114. The Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the first treaty between the United States and an Indian nation, resulted in

115. During the Revolution, the frontier saw much fighting, which

116. The most important contribution of the seagoing "privateers" during the Revolutionary War was that they

117. After the British defeat at Yorktown,

118. American diplomats to the peace negotiations in Paris in 1782-1783 were instructed by the Second Continental Congress to

119. Britain gave America generous terms in the Treaty of Paris because British leaders
120. Regarding the provisions of the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which formally ended the Revolution,

121. When the Second Continental Congress convened,

122. George Washington was chosen commander of the colonial armies because he

123. American colonists had experience with republicanism

124. New York was chosen as the base of British operations because

125. During the Revolutionary War, the British captured and occupied

126. It is legitimate to claim that the triumph at Yorktown "was no less French than American" because

127. The British decided to negotiate an end to the Revolutionary War because

128. The Treaty of Paris in 1783 stipulated

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