5Monday, Aug. 26, 2013

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5Monday, Aug. 26, 2013

Shows to consider:

“Democracy Now” hosted by Amy Goodman; “Sojourner Truth” hosted by Margaret Prescod (KPFK 90.7 FM) at 7 a.m.; “Uprising” hosted by Sonali Kolhatkar (KPFK 90.7 FM) at 8 a.m.; Antonio Gonzalez (KPFK 90.7) at 4 p.m.


  1. Politics:

    1. Politics comes from the Greek word polis, meaning city-state.

    2. Politics can be views as who gets what, when, when and how.

    3. Politics can be views as the process of struggle over conflicting interests carried into the public arena.

    4. Politics can also be seen as the concentrated expression of economics; the struggle of class with class is a political struggle.

  1. Chicano/a working definition:

    1. A complex phenomenon that reflects the historical and contemporary experiences of Chicanos/as living in the United States.

    2. Includes the dynamics of race, gender, sexual orientation, and class.

    3. Impacted by socio-cultural reality and consciousness.

    4. Ultimately a struggle that involves controlling and conflicting interests, allocation of resources, and class.

Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2013

What is politics? What is Chican@ politics? What is political economy?

  1. Politics is a very complicated subject to discuss.

  2. Something that is kind of missing is that there is a tendency that the Civil Rights movement has a lot to do with economic rights. There is a connection with economics and politics and even civil rights. The media report did not include this.

  3. Look at some of the Asian-American communities; not all are successful in the United States.

  4. When you are looking at mainstream news, it only goes so far in terms of critical analysis. At best, they will pause coverage for critical analysis.

  5. The celebration of labor occurs in the spring, during International Workers Day.

What is your sense of politics?

  1. Politics defined

    1. Politics comes from Greek word polis, meaning city-state. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) Greek philosopher, said politics was art of controlling differing interests within a state and reaching an agreement on them. First book about politics was the Republic written by Plato in 4th century B.C. (Aristotle studied under Plato).

    2. Politics can be viewed as who gets what, when, and how (Harold Lasswell,1936).

    3. Politics can also be viewed as the process of struggle over conflicting interests carried into the public arena; it may also involve the process of muting and suppressing conflicting interests. Also involves the setting of public priorities, choosing of certain interest and goals, and denial of others (Michael Parenti, 1988).

    4. Politics can also be seen as the concentrated expression of economics (ie. class struggle). The struggle of class with class is a political struggle (L. Harry Gould in Marxist Glossary, 1943).

  1. Chicana/o Politics working definition

    1. A complex phenomenon that reflects the historical and contemporary experiences of Chicanas/os living in the United States.

    2. Includes the dynamics of race, gender, sexual orientation, and class.

    3. Impacted by socio-cultural reality and consciousness

    4. Ultimately a struggle that involves controlling and conflicting interests, allocation of resources, and class.


When we come back on Wednesday, read “The Financial Power Elite” and “The Ideology and Practice of Empire.”

What is the cost living? That’s worse. If the MW is so low, the cost of living has gone up (inflation has gone up; what you bought in 1966 is more expensive today.)

What kind of assets do people have? Household assets for people of color are horrible (for whites it is over $100,000). It’s obscene, because cost of living and inflation is not being taken into account.

When we attacked Iraq, we also had a weapons team from the UN that was trying to see if we had WMDs. The specialists were right in the middle of locating them. There was no relation between Saddam Hussein and Al-Qaida.

What is Syria about? Oil. Close to a lot of hot areas; you want to have some relative control over it.

“Political Economy” reader on the projector.

What does that mean: “Free markets”?

Political Economics, we fell into the trappings of

Political science | Economics.

If politics is about the state, and economics is about the household, the state is managing the household.

Our political economy is a capitalist political economy.

Liberal | Moderate | Conservative public

Ideology plays a role in determining reforms or no reforms. Reform: Who is going to oppose a wage increase? But that doesn’t resolve the problem; there are fundamental problems that continue. You can still use some of the contradictions of the capital system, but eventually it is about workers and the community, working with harmony with the environment.

Return to this next week, further develop it.

What are your politics?

Wednesday, Sept. 4, 2013

  1. Ideology

    1. Body of ideas (frameworks, doctrines) characteristic of a person, group, culture, or political party. Outgrowths or reflections of existing social, political, and economic conditions and circumstances. Manifestation of the capitalist system.

      1. The Constitution is related to ideology.

    2. Government

      1. Public good.

      2. Communist: role of the state.

      3. Anarchist: don’t believe in the state.

    3. Where do we get our politics and ideas from?

      1. We all have indulged in a little about who we are politically. Most Chicanos are Democrats.

        1. When you kick in Cubans, most are Republicans, but that is in decline.

      2. Our political economy is capitalism (Reference Locke and Hobbs).

      3. Capitalism and democracy work hand in hand.

      4. What makes democracy interesting, in terms of people, is that they engage to have more representation in the system; however, our political economy is still capitalism.

      5. You have a democratic system representative that reflects the basic principles of capitalism.

      6. If we frame political economy in capitalism, think of Locke and Hobbs (Locke believes in a government that supports capitalism).

      7. Reference Smith and Keynes.

    4. Ideological spectrum

      1. Political economy (Capitalism)

        1. [----- Mainstream ideology -----]

        2. Radical (root) | [Liberal (reform) | Moderate (middle) | Conservative (status quo) | Reactionary (regressive)]

        3. [ ] = mainstream ideology.

        4. Most Chicanos are liberal, although they are conservative on some social issues.

    5. Capitalist ideology

      1. Individualism

      2. Private property

      3. Wealth

        1. Profit, accumulation.

      4. Limited government

    6. Pluralist model

      1. Inputs  political system  outputs  Feedback loop  Inputs

      2. Basic elements of the system

        1. Setting or environment in which political system operates.

        2. Inputs into the system.

        3. Conversion.

        4. System outputs or outcomes.

    7. Elitist model

      1. ELITE: Business, government military. Ranks are closed to outsiders, unless you become a military or business leader.

      2. MASSES: Are the majority.

      3. Characteristics

        1. Inequality

          1. Only a small number of people hold power.

        2. Closed ranks.

          1. Elite ranks are relatively closed.

          2. Changed controlled by elites.

        3. Change controlled by elites

          1. Policy reflects the elites not the mass.

        4. Powerless masses

          1. Masses play minor role in the system.

    8. Marxist model

      1. Superstructure

      2. Social relations of production

      3. Productive forces of society

      4. Features of the Marxist model

        1. Historical and dialectical materialism.

        2. Capital accumulation.

        3. Surplus value.

        4. Alienation.

        5. “Commodification.”

    9. Internal colony model

      1. Colonial (radicalized) system + class segmentation.

      2. Class system

        1. Capitalist.

        2. Professional managerial.

        3. Petty bourgeois.

          1. Small business owners.

        4. Workers.

Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013

  1. The research paper will answer a question.

    1. What is the question you are going to ask that relates to your topic?

    2. Intro, body, conclusion.

      1. The intro is written after you write your research paper.

    3. Think about three sentences.

  2. Feminist model

    1. Enlightenment liberal.

      1. Emanates from the enlightenment period of Voltaire, comprehensive knowledge; government as it reflects capital needs, but in a more benign way.

    2. Marxist.

      1. Applies feminism to Marxist ideals.

    3. Radical.

      1. All over; some people believe women should take over everything, they should engage in incest, or that a woman’s interests are served better by changing society from a patriarchy to a matriarchy.

  3. Border feminism

    1. Recognize the relationship between the border of Mexico and the United States. The relationship, as well as Latin America, is very intrinsic and very important.

  4. Chicano feminism

    1. Most are liberals.

Monday, Sept. 16, 2013

  1. Capitalism

    1. Capitalism is the vortex of accumulation.

    2. Capitalism revolutionizes instruments of production and, thereby, relations of production.

    3. Reform (collective bargaining, business regulations, New Deal/Great Depression, welfare state) is partially successful but subverted by capitalism (and its rage to accumulate).

    4. Capitalism is amoral (compels one to be greedy, callous, and petty).

    5. Capitalism turns us into soldiers of fortune.

    6. Capitalism cultivated injustice and predation (act of preying or plundering).

    7. Society needs moral and spiritual imagination to transform capitalism.

    8. Only twice before (1907 Bank Panic and 1929 Stock Market Crash) has outrage been directed at U.S. financial elites in wake of financial crisis (recession) of 2007-2009.

    9. Money trusts — rules U.S. economy since end of 19th century where investment bankers mid-wifed the birth of industrial behemoths, launching new era of monopoly capital (Federal Reserve System was created in 1913 to provide banks with liquidity).

    10. The financialization era — since 1970s, rapid financialization of U.S. economy and global capitalism (systems center of gravity shifted from production to finance; financial profits rose from 17 percent in 1960 to a peak of 44 percent of 2002).

    11. Financial bubbles seen as manifestations of secular process of financialization, feeing on stagnation rather the prosperity (speculative expansions serve to stimulate economy for a time, but lead to increased financial instability).

    12. Casino economy emerges with exotic forms of financial innovation (all kinds of futures, options, derivatives, and swaps).

    13. Financialization of the Capitalist Class — richest 1 percent of Americans had wealth holdings of $1.54 trillion, nearly equaling wealth of bottom half of U.S. population or around $150 million at $1.6 trillion (spectacular capitalists increasingly dominant, displacing industrial and petroleum capitalists).

    14. The Latin mind is essentially “Oriental.”

    15. Mexico: Land of Sleepy Peons and Sad-Eyed Burros.

Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013

  1. Mexican problem.

    1. Backward; Spanish; and indigenous.

    2. Culture of Empire

      1. Transnational thought; shapes public education about Mexican immigration.

    3. “Peaceful conquest”

      1. American Guilded Age; conquest; Mexican Revolution; Mexican imports; and Mexican publications.

    4. Socioeconomic context for creating “other” modernization; Mexican immigration; labor camps.

    5. Mapping Mexico’s historical record.

      1. Indigenous population; and Spanish conquest.

  2. There have been about 47 recessions in the U.S. since 1970.

Monday, Sept. 30, 2013

  1. Chicanos became a minority in the U.S. not by immigrating, but by conquest.

  2. Conquest was a result of capitalist expansionism, not “Manifest Destiny.”

  3. U.S. war with Mexico was because of need to accumulate land and profit.

  4. Capitalism follows a blind, obstinate logic of accumulation.

  5. War between U.S. and Mexico was brief and ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848.

  6. Mexico lost 900,000 square miles and the U.S. increased its territory by a third and received rich farm lands, natural resources (i.e.: gold, silver, zinc, copper, oil, uranium).

  7. Citizenship rights under the treaty were problematic; property right were extremely weak.

  8. Effect of capital accumulation on Chicanas and Chicanos relegated them to second class citizens, as well as a colonized and exploited labor force.

  9. Between 1900 and 1930, the Chicana and Chicano population greatly increased.

  10. During the Great Depression, thousands of Chicanos/Mexicans were repatriated to Mexico.

  11. During World War II, Chicanos further integrated in the economy because of labor shortages and growth of military/industrial complex (also Bracero program reestablished in 1942).

  12. From 1930 to 1960, Chicano workers moved from unskilled labor to operative and crafts areas of production.

  13. By the late 1990, the majority of Chicano male work face in blue collar jobs remain at bottom of working class, and in occupations that provided no opportunity for advancement.

  14. In present post-industrial knowledge-based U.S. economy, Chicanos lag behind rest of society in areas of high tech and computer jobs (legacy of a conquered people is problematic).

Wednesday, Oct. 2, 2013

  1. Conquest, colonization, and Chicanos.

    1. Spanish.

    2. Anglo.

  2. Political economy.

    1. Industrial capitalism.

    2. Financial capitalism.

    3. Stagnation and monopolization.

  3. Mexican-American War (1846-1848).

  4. Mexican political organizational resistance (1848-1900)

    1. “Social banditry.”

    2. El Clamor Publico (Francisco Ramirez).

    3. Radical/revolutionary.

  5. Chicano political organizations (1900-1917)

    1. Social action organizations.

    2. Mutualistas.

    3. Unions.

  6. Chicano political organizational (early) accommodation.

    1. Depression and repatriation.

    2. Mutualistas evolving (La Alianza Hispana Americana).

  7. Chicano political organization (mid) accommodation politics (1946-1965)

    1. World War II and Korea.

    2. Bracero program.

    3. McCarthy and Operation Wetback.

    4. League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC).

    5. Mexican-American Movement (short-lived youth movement).

    6. Community Service Organization (CSO).

    7. American GI forum.

    8. Mexican-American Political Association.

    9. Political Association of Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASO)

    10. National Farm Worker Association (Cesar Chavez)

    11. Ballot box politics.

  8. Dynamics of the Chicano movement.

    1. Issues:

      1. Racism.

      2. Economic (class) exploitation.

      3. Sexism.

      4. Sexual preference.

    2. Goals and objectives:

      1. Equality (social, cultural, and economic).

      2. Justice (social and political).

      3. Aztlan (homeland metaphor).

      4. Transformation (new society).

    3. Perspectives:

      1. Nationalism (cultural and political).

      2. Self-determination.

      3. Chicanismo (or Carnalismo).

      4. Third world.

      5. Feminist.

      6. Indigenous.

      7. Marxist.

    4. Chicano leaders, and organizations:

      1. Cesar Chavez.

        1. United Farm Workers (California).

      2. Jose Angel Gutierrez.

        1. La Raza Unida Party (Texas).

      3. Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzalez.

        1. Crusade for Justice).

      4. Reies Lopez Tijerina.

        1. La Alianza Federal de Mercedes (New Mexico).

      5. Brown Berets.

      6. Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA).

      7. Chicano Moratorium Committee.

      8. Southewest Voter Registration.

    5. Chicana leaders and organizations:

      1. Dolores Huerta.

        1. Vice president of United Farm Workers.

      2. Julia Luna.

        1. E.L.A. and Peace and Freedom Party Activist.

      3. Irene Tovar.

        1. President of Latin American Civic Association (San Fernando Valley)

Monday, Oct. 7, 2013

  1. Make sure you use your subheads.

  2. “Chicano movement” problems and challenges.

    1. Ideology.

    2. Leadership.

    3. Organizational.

    4. Agent provocateurs.

    5. Class analysis.

  3. Post-“Chicano Movement” politics and prospects.

    1. Chicano politics assimilating into the mainstream (even pro-immigration and “Dream Act” activists are liberal-reformists in nature).

    2. Radical “movement groups and organizations” are politically marginalized and some are nostalgic and anachronistic.

    3. Great Chicano/Latino population growth and current economic crisis develops potential for progressive posturing and change.

    4. Reformist (liberal) strategies couples with radical (transformative) ideology offers pathway to an egalitarian society.

  4. Chicana Feminism and “Chicano Movement.”

    1. Movement within a movement.

    2. Some historical legacy, but largely a development within the “Chicano Movement.”

    3. Some influences from “Women’s Liberation Movement,” but involved from conditions, circumstances, and contradictions of Chicano experience in the U.S.

    4. Some Chicana feminists argued that “cultural nationalism” was responsible for sexism in the “movement” and in the community. “Nationalism versus “culture nationalism controversies and debated emerged. Other feminists influenced by Marxism.

    5. Paradoxically, Chicano feminism greatly develops and becomes influential in Chicano studies and community after decline of the “Chicano movement.

  5. Post-“Chicano Movement” politics and prospects.

    1. Chicano politics assimilating into the mainstream (even pro-immigration and “Dream Act” activists are liberal-reformist in nature.

Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2013

  1. Epoch of the “Viva Yo” generation, 1975 to 1999

  2. Rise of the Latino generation.

  3. Renaissance in theater, film, art, and music.

  4. Demographics.

  5. Immigration: Wedge issue.

  6. Organizational responses (Court Appointed Special Advocate Association, CASA; League of United Latin American Citizens, or LULAC; Mexican American Legal Defense Fund, or MALDEF; G.I. Forum, National Council of La Raza, or NCLR).

  7. Militarization of the border.

  8. Propositions 187 (anti-immigration), 209 (anti-affirmative action), and 227 (English only).

Monday, Oct. 21, 2013

  1. Political economy.

    1. Conservative, status quo.

  2. Conquest/colonization.

  3. Elections.

    1. Formal selection position. Have been the usual mechanism, by which modern representative democracy has worked. Elections may fill offices in the leg. Sometimes in the exec and judiciary and regional branched. Not only for electing public officials, but for private use (clubs, marijuana groups). Used in early history in ancient Rome. To select rulers, in the medieval periods. Even around 928 AD in ancient India, palm leaves were used for elections. The modern election, didn’t emerge until the beginning of the 17th century.

      1. Reference: John Locke; Thomas Hobbes.

  4. Voting.

  5. Levels of elections.

  6. Capitalism.

  7. Radical

    1. Socialists.

      1. Marginalized.

    2. Communists.

      1. Marginalized.

    3. Anarchists.

      1. Marginalized.

  8. Liberal

    1. Reform.

  9. Conservative

    1. Status quo.

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