The _____ was a rebirth; a philosophical and artistic movement based on a revival of interest in classical learning that began in Italy in the 1300s.
This “Renaissance Man” was a painter, architect, engineer, and scientist. He created masterpieces such as the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and drew hundreds of sketches of later inventions.
Leonardo de Vinci
Who was the Renaissance artist that painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpted Pieta?
What famous political theorist from Florence wrote The Prince? Today, we use his name to describe people willing to use “any means” to get what they want.
Petrarch was one of the first Renaissance men who stressed the study of grammar, rhetoric, history, and poetry. Petrarch would be best described as a _____.
During the 1500s there was a religious revolution in Western Europe. Christianity was split into two separate groups, Roman Catholics and Protestants. This split in the church was known as the _____.
Christians who protested against the Roman Catholic Church and how Emperor Charles V treated Martin Luther became known as _____. Church groups such as Baptists and Methodists emerged as a result of this movement.
Who protested the Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences and nailed the 95 Theses to the Chapel door in Wittenberg, beginning the Protestant Reformation?
Leonardo da Vinci
What new navigational device allowed explorers to navigate oceans better?
Which of the following describes the ways in which the Catholic Church began to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation?
The Council of Trent defined Catholic teachings and the Jesuits organized
All of the priests were fired and new ones were trained to take their place
Humanists began to write articles defending the church and its values
The English colonies issued the _____ on July 4, 1776. This document was based on the enlightened ideas of John Locke and marked the beginning of the American Revolution
Declaration of Independence
Edict of Freedom
In 1779, nearing the end of the French Revolution, this man became dictator of the France and was eventually crowned Emperor in 1804. Known for his small stature, _____ had big dreams of conquering Europe and dominating the world.
Which leader, nicknamed “El Liberator”, was inspired by the ideas of the American Revolution and the Enlightenment to lead the liberation of much of South America from Spain?