Abolition and Women’s Rights (Chapter 2 and 3) Read Chapter 8, Section 2 in your book and complete this reading guide

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Name _____________________________ Date Due: Thurs, 11/21

Abolition and Women’s Rights (Chapter 8.2 and 8.3)

Read Chapter 8, Section 2 in your book and complete this reading guide.

  1. Define “abolition”:

2. Two Abolitionists

William Lloyd Garrison

Frederick Douglass

What is his race?

Significant facts about his background:

What was his goal, and what strategy did he use to achieve it?

What was the name of his paper?

What do YOU think made him controversial? Effective?

  1. Complete the table below with characteristics of the life of rural slaves, urban slaves, and free blacks.

    Rural Slavery

    Urban Slavery

    Free Blacks

  2. Read the brief description of Nat Turner’s Rebellion and the response in Virginia on p.252. (You will read more about it in a few minutes.) What were the two main responses in the aftermath of the Nat Turner rebellion?

  1. What were the “slave codes” and why did southern states enact them?

  1. What are two arguments that were used to defined slavery? Which do you think was most convincing to Southerners, and why?

  1. Read the handout on Nat Turner’s rebellion and answer the questions.

Read Chapter 8, Section 3 in your book and complete this reading guide.

  1. How did the women’s rights movement grow out of the abolition movement?

  1. What was the “cult of domesticity”? What were some of the problems and restrictions women faced in the mid-1800’s?

  1. What two women organized the Seneca Falls Convention held in 1849?

  1. Read p. 257-8 in your text and then read the following excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments. Answer the questions on the back.

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government…

Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled. The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world:

  • He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise.

  • He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.

  • He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men--both natives and foreigners.

  • He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her.

  • He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.

  • He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardless of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon a false supposition of the supremacy of man, and giving all power into his hands.

  • …….

Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States.

(from Elizabeth Cady Stanton, A History of Woman Suffrage , vol. 1 (Rochester, N.Y.: Fowler and Wells, 1889), pages 70-71.)

  1. What document did the Declaration of Sentiments use as a model? Why do you think they chose that document?

  1. Imagine you were living in Seneca Falls, NY in 1849. Would you have attended the convention? Would you have signed the Declaration?

  1. Nearly 300 people – women and men – attended the Seneca Falls Convention. The Declaration of Sentiments was signed by sixty-eight women and thirty-two men. What do you think the consequences might be for women who attended and signed? For men?

  1. Who was Sojourner Truth?

How is she an example of the tension between the abolition movement and the women’s rights movement?
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