Advanced Placement European History Final Review Assignment



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Advanced Placement European History

Final Review Assignment
To prepare for the Final Exam (May 3 & 4, 2012) and the AP European History Exam (May 11, 2012 – 12:30 pm), we will begin a comprehensive and intensive review of the material covered over the past seven months. To make this a truly worth-while and instructive activity, I have decided to put you in the driver seat as we look back at all the subject matter that has been presented in the class. In a minimum of 40 minutes and a maximum of 50 minutes your group of 2-3 students will be randomly assigned a topic, and will present a PowerPoint presentation detailing the following eras:




  • The Renaissance

  • The Reformation, Counter-Reformation & Expansion

  • The Age of Absolutism and Constitutionalism

  • The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment

  • The French Revolution

  • The Age of Napoleon & Metternich

  • Industrialization & Social Change in the 18th & 19th Century

  • The Interwar Era & World War II

  • The Cold War & the New World Order

To earn the full points possible (as well as the everlasting appreciation of your fellow students) you need to include the following items:


Geographic – How did geography impact the history of the era? Discoveries? Expansion? Changes in political boundaries? Be sure to include images and maps…

Political – What political movements, philosophies, figures appear on the scene? Who are the important players, nations, events that shape the period? Include important wars, treaties, agreements, kings, queens, political leaders, families, etc.

Intellectual – What new ideas come on the scene? What philosophies, authors, activities have an impact? Be sure to explain what they think, and how it differs from previous ideas.

ReligiousMovements, figures, theological ideologies, and events that shape the religious attitudes and behaviors of Europe.

Artistic – What is the artistic movement that dominates the era? How does it reflect society? How is society impacted by this artistic movement? Include five to eight significant (and preferably recognizable) examples to supplement your information.

Technological – Any inventions that made an impact upon the era? Examples: printing press, cannon, steam engine, machine gun. How did these inventions influence history?

Economic – Which economic ideas or concepts are significant? Are there developments or ideas that change European economic practices? What changes occur, and how does that affect Europe? Examples: Commercial Revolution, Price Revolution, Mercantilism, Capitalism…

Social – What is life like for the people of Europe? How do the lives of the people change? What significant differences can we find? What role do the women, children, peasants, laborers, etc. play?

In addition to the PowerPoint, you are responsible for providing your classmates with the following items:

  1. Interactive notes to accompany your presentation – Students learn better when they are actively engaged in an activity, and not passive observers. To help your classmates learn better, you need to provide them with a form, outline, or fill-in-the-blank template to use while watching your presentation. This will help them to better organize their thoughts, speed up the note-taking process, and help to focus their study.

  2. An outline of one Free Response Questions for your subject by each member of your group – Each person will answer one of the FRQ topics that have been given as an AP European History exam question for the entire class. Using the FRQ Essay Outline guide, provide a bullet-pointed answer to one of the topic. DO NOT write an actual essay; an outline is all that is necessary. Remember – if you have three members of your group, you are responsible for three FRQ outlines!

  3. A chronological timeline – You are also responsible for helping the class master the chronology of your historical period. You do not have to be precise (five-year increments are probably fine) and you do not have to be comprehensive (try to include only those events that you believe are significant or vital to know for the AP Exam).

  4. A map of Europe – The map should be representative of the time-period that you are teaching. For example, if you are doing “The Age of Napoleon and Metternich” you may want to include a map of Europe before Napoleon’s conquests, and a map indicating the changes made at the Congress of Vienna.

Scoring Breakdown:

PowerPoint presentation = 200 points (25 pts per section)

Notes/study guide = 200 points

Free Response Question Outline = 100 points

Timeline = 50 points

Map of Europe = 50 points .

Total Value = 600 points
Helpful Hints to maximize your grade and the class’s mastery of the subject:

  • Remember – you have only 40 to 50 minutes. You must determine what information is most important for your fellow students to master your time period! You WILL NOT be given more time, as we are on a very tight schedule.

  • DO NOT try to make a laundry-list of historical events; instead, remember the thematic organization, and try to use your judgment when determining which information is vital to know, and which can be excluded from the presentation.

  • Try to include pictures, charts, maps, videos, music, etc. that will help to enliven the presentation. See me for information on United Streaming if interested (login = lahsstudent, password = griffin)

    • Don’t forget – you are required to include examples of art from your time period; focus on the most significant works (Example: Guernica by Picasso for the “Interwar to WW2” portion) because the final and the AP Exam tend to focus on the most important or famous works of art.

    • If you are going to use an Apple computer to prepare your presentation, you must IMPORT your images; DO NOT cut and paste! If you cut and paste the image WILL NOT appear on my PowerPoint program.

  • Avoid including more than three (3) pieces of information on any slide – studies have shown that the human eye and brain have difficulty processing more information than that at any one time, and besides, it can be boring to see slide after slide of block text!

  • Try to pick a topic that you are not comfortable with or did poorly on previously in the year. After all, the best way to learn something is to have to teach it!

  • Have funthis will be some work, but will also help to organize and focus your own studying and review for both the Final Exam as well as the AP Exam, so you don’t focus on stuff that you already know.

Sign-Up Sheet










  1. The Renaissance

    4/17


Mark

Sam


Jack

Alyssa

Heather


Lindsay

Jessica


  1. The Reformation & Counter-Reformation

    4/18


Iden

Jacob


Tim Taylor

  1. The Age of Absolutism & Expansion
    4/19


Selene

Forrest


Jeff

Catherine G



Sang

Harris


Joseph

Tyler


  1. The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment
    4/20


Alex

Julian L


Nick L

Kelsey

Josh


Kyle

  1. The French Revolution

    4/24


Esther

Haley


Connor D

Emily


Annie

Miranda


Shira

Karishma


  1. The Age of Napoleon & Metternich

    4/25


Connor T

Kathie Oh

Matt

Kelly


Diego

Julia


James B

  1. The 19th Century: Industrialization & Social Change
    4/26


Lana

Sienna


Megan

Ariana


PJ

Greg


Colleen

  1. Nationalism, Imperialism & World War I
    4/27


Devynn

Kat


Keaton

Sharon

Rebecca


  1. The Interwar Era & World War II

    5/1


Jack R

Brandon


Phillip

Julian C


Jack E

Jon


Justin

Haley


  1. The Cold War

    5/2


Doug

Alex


Chris A

Chris M


Nolan

Whitney


Shane

Brandon


Free Response Question Essay Outline
Introduction:

  1. 1st Sentence: Introduce your topic or restate the question in a sentence.

  2. 2nd sentence: Lead toward your thesis

  3. 3rd sentence: Your thesis (may take more than one sentence)

    1. A simple thesis will only list the three reasons while a sophisticated thesis will list the three reasons and supporting evidence as outlined above.

Body

  1. 1st Body paragraph:

    1. Topic sentence of first thesis idea (IMPORTANT: go in the same order as your thesis. Your first thesis idea is your first body paragraph and so on.)

    2. 2-4 facts that support the topic sentence

    3. Explanation that specifically shows how the facts prove your idea in your topic sentence (which is in your thesis).

    4. Repeat a and b at least 3 times or until your idea is proven

    5. Last sentence is a mini thesis for this topic only. Restate the topic and briefly list the 3 explanations (arguments) you made in this paragraph.

  2. 2nd Body paragraph:

    1. Topic sentence of second thesis idea (IMPORTANT: go in the same order as your thesis. Your second thesis idea is your second body paragraph.)

    2. 2-4 facts that support the topic sentence

    3. Explanation that specifically shows how the facts prove your idea in your topic sentence (which is in your thesis).

    4. Repeat a and b at least 3 times or until your idea is proven

    5. Last sentence is a mini thesis for this topic only. Restate the topic and briefly list the 3 explanations (arguments) you made in this paragraph.

  3. 3rd Body Paragraph

    1. Topic sentence of third thesis idea (IMPORTANT: go in the same order as your thesis. Your third thesis idea is your third body paragraph.)

    2. 2-4 facts that support the topic sentence

    3. Explanation that specifically shows how the facts prove your idea in your topic sentence (which is in your thesis).

    4. Repeat a and b at least 3 times or until your idea is proven

    5. Last sentence is a mini thesis for this topic only. Restate the topic and briefly list the 3 explanations (arguments) you made in this paragraph.

  4. Conclusion

    1. State your thesis as a conclusion and remind the reader of your important reasons and arguments

    2. Explain why your conclusion is important historically.




Chapter

Free Response Questions

12

  1. Europe in the 14th century has been called the “calamitous century.” Defend this assertion.

  2. Describe the social and economic consequences of the Black Death.

  3. What were the immediate political, social and economic results of the Hundred Years War for both England and France?

  4. What were the religious, social and political consequences of the crisis in the Catholic Church during the late middle Ages?

13

  1. Analyze the factors that contributed to the increasing centralization of Spain and the factors that contributed to the continuing fragmentation of Italy in the period 1450–1550.

  2. Analyze the ways in which the two works below, Perugino’s Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter (1481–1483) on the left, and Michelangelo’s David (1501–1504) on the right, represent the values of Italian Renaissance culture.



  1. Using examples from at least TWO different states, analyze the key features of the “new monarchies” and the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550.

  2. Analyze the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. Use at least THREE specific works to support your analysis.

  3. To what extent and in what ways did women participate in the Renaissance?

14

  1. Contrast Renaissance Florence with Reformation Geneva with respect to religion, government, and everyday life.

  2. Analyze the impacts of the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Reformation (Counter Reformation) on the social order of sixteenth-century Europe.

  3. How and to what extend did the methods and ideals of Renaissance humanism contribute to the Protestant Reformation?

  4. Evaluate the influence of Renaissance humanism on Catholic reforms and the Protestant Reformation.

  5. Compare and contrast the relationship between the artist and society in the Renaissance/Reformation period to the relationship between the artist and society in the late 19th century.

  6. Analyze the aims, methods and degree of success of the Catholic Reformation (Counter-Reformation) in the 16th century.

  7. Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation.

15

  1. Analyze the various Protestant views of the relationship between church and state in the period circa 1500–1700.

  2. Analyze the various effects of the expansion of the Atlantic trade on the economy of Western Europe in the period circa 1450–1700.

  3. Analyze various ways in which the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) represented a turning point in European history.

  4. Analyze the reasons for the decline of the Holy Roman Empire as a force in European politics in the period 1517 to 1648.

  5. Analyze the factors that prevented the development of a unified German state in the 16th and 17th century.

  6. Analyze the effects of the Columbian Exchange (the interchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old World and the New World) on the population and economy of Europe in the period 1550 to 1700.

  7. Account for the growth and decline of European witch hunts in the period 1500 to 1650.

  8. Explain how advances in learning and technology influenced fifteenth- and sixteenth-century European exploration and trade.

  9. Compare and contrast the religious policies of TWO of the following: Elizabeth I of England, Catherine de Medici of France, Isabella I of Spain

  10. Discuss the political and social consequences of the Protestant Reformation in the first half of the sixteenth century.

16

  1. Compare and contrast the economic factors responsible for the decline of Spain with the economic factors responsible for the decline of the Dutch Republic by the end of the seventeenth century.

  2. Compare and contrast the political ideas of Hobbes and Locke.

  3. Explain the reasons for the rise of the Netherlands as a leading commercial power in the period 1550-1650.

  4. Louis XIV declared his goal was “one king, one law, one faith”. Analyze the methods the king used to achieve this objective and discuss the extent to which he was successful.

17

  1. Describe the challenges to royal authority in Eastern Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and evaluate the effectiveness of those challenges.

  2. Compare and contrast the economic and social development of Russia with that of the Netherlands in the period 1600–1725.

  3. Compare and contrast two theories of government introduced in the period from 1640 to 1780.

18

  1. Analyze the ways in which European monarchs used both the arts and the sciences to enhance state power in the period circa 1500–1800.

  2. Analyze the ways in which the ideas of seventeenth-century thinkers John Locke and Isaac Newton contributed to the ideas of eighteenth-century Enlightenment thinkers.

  3. Analyze the extent to which Frederick the Great of Prussia and Joseph II of Austria advanced and did not advance Enlightenment ideals during their reigns.

  4. Analyze how Galileo, Descartes, and Newton altered traditional interpretations of nature and challenged traditional sources of knowledge.

  5. Analyze the methods and degrees of success of Russian political and social reform from the period of Peter the Great (1689–1725) through Catherine the Great (1762–1796).

  6. Assess the impact of the Scientific Revolution on religion and philosophy in the period 1550 to 1750.

  7. Compare and contrast the goals and major policies of Peter the Great of Russia (1682-1725) with those of Frederick the Great of Prussia (1740-1786).

19

  1. Analyze the impact of the major developments of the Commercial Revolution on Europe’s economy and society in the period 1650 to 1789.

  2. Britain and France were engaged in a geopolitical and economic rivalry during the 18th century. Identify the factors that contributed to this rivalry, and assess the results for both countries over the period 1689 to 1789.

  3. Analyze the economic, technological and institutional factors responsible for Western Europe’s domination of world trade from 1650 to 1800.

  4. Discuss the economic policies and institutions that characterized mercantilist systems from 1600 to 1800.

  5. Identify features of the 18th century Agricultural Revolution and analyze its social and economic consequences.

  6. Both Jean-Baptise Colbert (1619-1683) and Adam Smith (1723-1790) sought to increase the wealth of their respective countries. How did their recommendations differ?

20

  1. Analyze how economic and social developments affected women in England in the period from 1700 to 1850.

  2. Describe and analyze the changes that led to Europe’s rapid population growth in the eighteenth century.

21

  1. Analyze how the political and economic problems of the English and French monarchies led to the English Civil War and the French Revolution.

  2. Analyze the ways in which the events of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic period (1789–1815) led people to challenge Enlightenment views of society, politics, and human nature.

  3. Identify the grievances of the groups that made up the Third Estate in France on the eve of the French Revolution, and analyze the extent to which ONE of these groups was able to address its grievances in the period 1789 to 1799.

  4. How and to what extent did Enlightenment ideas about religion and society shape the policies of the French Revolution in the period 1789 to 1799?

22

  1. European women’s lives changed in the course of the nineteenth century politically, economically, and socially. Identify and explain the reasons for those changes.

  2. Discuss how the two structures shown reflect the societies and cultures that produced them:



The Arch of Triumph, Paris, 1806-1836 The Crystal Palace, London, 1850-1851

23

  1. Compare and contrast Enlightenment and Romantic views of nature, with reference to specific individuals and their works.

  2. Referring to specific individuals or works, discuss the ways in which TWO of the following expressed the concept of nationalism in the nineteenth century: artists, composers, writers.

  3. Analyze the shifts in the European balance of power in the period between 1763 and 1848.

  4. To what extent did Romanticism challenge Enlightenment views of human beings and of the natural world?

  5. Analyze three examples of the relationship between Romanticism and nationalism before 1850.

  6. Compare and contrast political liberalism with political conservatism in the first half of the 19th century in Europe.

  7. Describe and analyze the differences in the ways in which artists and writers portrayed the individual during the Italian Renaissance and the Romantic era of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

24

  1. Analyze artistic and literary responses to industrialization over the course of the nineteenth century.

  2. Analyze the problems and opportunities associated with the rapid urbanization of Western Europe in the nineteenth century.

  3. Discuss the impact of industrialization and urbanization on working-class families from 1750 to 1900.

  4. Contrast the ways in which the paintings shown express the artistic and intellectual concerns of the eras in which the works were created:

Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon Raphael, School of Athens



  1. Analyze how and why western European attitudes toward children and child-rearing changed in the period from 1750 to 1900.

25

  1. Compare and contrast how TWO of the following states attempted to hold together their empires in the period circa 1850 to 1914: Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Ottoman Empire.

  2. Analyze the development of the various forms of European socialism in the 1800s.

  3. Analyze the major factors responsible for the rise of anti-Semitism in nineteenth century Europe.

  4. Analyze the ways in which TWO of the following groups challenged British liberalism between 1880 and 1914: Feminists, Irish nationalists, Socialists

  5. Analyze the similarities and differences in the methods used by Cavour and Bismarck to bring about the unification of Italy and of Germany, respectively.

  6. In the period 1815-1900 political liberalization progressed much further in Western Europe than in Russia. Analyze the social and economic reasons for this difference.

  7. Historians speak of the rise of mass politics in the period from 1880 to 1914. Define this phenomenon and analyze its effects on European politics in this period.

  8. Contrast the impact of nationalism in Germany and the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1914.

  9. Describe and analyze responses to industrialization by the working class between 1850 and 1914.

  10. Compare and contrast the foreign policy goals and achievements of Metternich (1815-1848) and Bismarck (1862-1890).

26

  1. Analyze how industrialization and imperialism contributed to the development of consumer culture in the period 1850–1914.

27

  1. Compare and contrast the crises in state authority that precipitated the French Revolution in 1789 and the February and October Revolutions in Russia in 1917.

  2. Analyze the effects of nationalism on the Austrian Empire in the period 1815 to 1914.

  3. Compare and contrast the extent to which the French Revolution (1789-1799) and the Russian Revolution (1917-1924) changed the status of women.

28

  1. Analyze the ways in which the theories of both Darwin and Freud challenged traditional European ways of thinking about religion, morality, and human behavior in the period circa 1850–1950.

  2. Analyze the participation of European women in the economy and in politics from 1914 to 1939. Use examples from at least TWO countries.

  3. Analyze the impact of the First World War on European culture and society in the interwar period (1919-1939).

  4. How did new theories in physics and psychology in the period from 1900 to 1939 challenge existing ideas about the individual and society?

29

  1. Analyze the ways in which technology and mass culture contributed to the success of dictators in the 1920s and 1930s.

  2. Analyze the ways in which the policies of Joseph Stalin transformed the policies of Vladimir Lenin.

  3. Analyze how the Balkans crises from 1903 to 1914 and the crises in central and Eastern Europe from 1935 to 1939 threatened Europe’s balance of power.

  4. Analyze anti-Semitism in Europe from the Dreyfus affair in the 1890s to 1939.

  5. Assess the extent to which the economic and political ideals of Karl Marx were realized in post-revolutionary Russia in the period from 1917 to 1939.

  6. Compare and contrast the victorious Allied powers’ treatment of Germany after the First World War with their treatment of Germany after the Second World War. Analyze the reasons for the similarities and the differences.

  7. Compare and contrast the ways that seventeenth century absolute monarchs and twentieth century dictators gained and maintained their power.

30

  1. Analyze the ways in which Western European nations have pursued European economic and political integration from 1945 to the present, referring to at least two nations.

  2. Compare and contrast the goals and achievements of the feminist movement in the period circa 1850–1920 with those of the feminist movement in the period 1945 to the present.

  3. Analyze the economic and social challenges faced by Western Europe in the period from 1945 to 1989.

  4. Considering the period 1933 to 1945, analyze the economic, diplomatic and military reasons for Germany’s defeat in the Second World War.

  5. Compare and contrast the social and economic roles of the state in 17th and 18th century Europe (before 1789) to the social and economic roles of the state in Europe after the Second World War.

  6. Describe and analyze economic policies in Eastern and Western Europe after 1945.

  7. Analyze the factors responsible for decolonization since the Second World War.

  8. Compare and contrast the French Jacobins’ use of state power to achieve revolutionary goals during the Terror (1793-1794) with Stalin’s use of state power to achieve revolutionary goals in the Soviet Union during the period 1928 to 1939.

31

  1. Analyze the long-term and short-term factors responsible for the disintegration of communist rule in TWO of the following states: Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland

  2. Considering the period 1953-1991, analyze the problems within the USSR that contributed to the eventual collapse of the Soviet system.

  3. Analyze the factors working for and against European unity from 1945 to 2001.

  4. Compare and contrast the political and economic effects of the Cold War (1945-1991) on Western Europe with the effects on Eastern Europe.


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