Aggression went unchecked



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GOAL 10 REVIEW - Causes, Events and Effects of the World War II era and Cold War beginnings
1. What European dictator came to power by being appointed to office?

HITLER


2. How did European leaders respond as dictators came to power?

AGGRESSION WENT UNCHECKED

3. Which event in Germany would eventually lead to World War II?

HITLER CAME TO POWER

4. What was the final major Allied invasion in Europe?

OPERATION OVERLORD - D-DAY INVASION AT NORMANDY

5. Which military leader planned the Normandy Invasion on D-Day?

EISENHOWER

6. Where did D-Day occur?

NORMANDY, FRANCE

7. What defense alliance did the U.S. join after World War II to protect European democracy?

NATO


8. What organization could be defined as an international peacekeeping organization of 180

countries?

UNITED NATIONS

9. What major population shift occurred in the U.S. during and after World War II?

WEST AND SOUTH (SUNBELT)

10. What agreement is generally viewed as a cause of World War II?

TREATY OF VERSAILLES

11. What event was not part of the relationship between Japan and the U.S. prior to

World War II?

REMOVAL OF TARIFFS

12. Which battle was a turning point in the war in the Pacific?

MIDWAY


13. Which battle was a turning point in Europe?

STALINGRAD

14. Put the following in the correct order: D-Day, Defeat of Hitler, Hiroshima, Death of FDR

D-DAY, DEATH OF FDR, DEFEAT OF HITLER, HIROSHIMA

15. What program was a massive economic recovery plan for Europe after World War II?

MARSHALL PLAN

16. What program was designed to provide aid to Greece and Turkey to stop communism?

TRUMAN DOCTRINE

17. What foreign policy was adopted by the U.S. after World War II?

CONTAINMENT

18. What agreement best illustrates the policy of appeasement?

MUNICH PACT

19. Name 3 countries that tried to expand and gain new land in the 1930’s?

GERMANY, ITALY, JAPAN

20. What foreign policy controlled U.S. action as hostility broke out in Europe in the 1930’s?

ISOLATION

21. What policy prevented the U.S. from joining the League of Nations?

ISOLATION

22. Name 4 European countries that developed totalitarian government after World War I?

SPAIN, ITALY, RUSSIA, GERMANY

23. What international agreement was an obvious failure in preventing war?

KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT

24. Name 3 agreements that could be considered failures in preventing World War II.

BREST-LITOVSK, PORTSMOUTH, KELLOGG-BRIAND

25. What 3 countries were involved in the non-aggression pact?

GERMANY, USSR, POLAND

26. What event was part of U.S. foreign policy during the 1930’s?

RECOGNITION OF THE COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT OF THE USSR

27. What two countries signed a non-aggression pact in 1939?

GERMANY, USSR

28. What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease program?

PROVIDE WEAPONS TO THE ALLIES

29. What European event caused Britain to declare war on Germany?

GERMAN INVASION OF POLAND

30. What area was affected by the Munich Pact?

SUDETENLAND

31. What American general promised, “I shall return.”?

MACARTHUR

32. List battles, plans and strategies that apply to fighting in Europe?

BLITZKRIEG, D-DAY, BATTLE OF THE BULGE

33. What strategy was used by Nazi troops during the invasion of Poland?

BLITZKRIEG

34. Who defeated General Rommel in North Africa in a battle of Tank divisions?

GENERAL GEORGE PATTON

35. Who was the leader of the US navy in the Pacific during WWII?

ADMIRAL CHESTER NIMITZ

36. What agreement did Roosevelt and Churchill sign that outlined the war goals of

their countries?

ATLANTIC CHARTER

37. Why were Nisei forced into relocation camps during World War II?

THEY WERE SEEN AS A THREAT TO U.S. SECURITY

38. Name 3 situations that did occur in both World War I and World War II?

SEGREGATION OF BLACKS, WOMEN WORKED IN FACTORIES, WAR BONDS

39.Why were more schools needed during the 1950’s?

BABY BOOM

40. At what conference did Allied leaders divide Germany into four sections?

POTSDAM

41. What law provided college tuition for World War II veterans?



SERVICEMAN’S READJUSTMENT ACT – GI BILL

42. What law provided financial assistance to veterans who wanted to buy a house or start

a business?

GI BILL


43. What impact did World War II have on the Great Depression?

WORKERS GOT JOBS IN DEFENSE FACTORIES

44. What happened to African Americans during World War II?

SEGREGATED IN THE MILITARY

45. What are the four freedoms that Norman Rockwell draws in his poster to get American to buy war bonds?

FREEDOM OF WORSHIP, SPEECH, FROM WANT AND FROM FEAR

46. Who was the Japanese Emperor during World War II?

HIROHITO


47. Communism, Fascism and Nazism were all forms of what type of government?

TOTALITARIAN

48. What alliance was formed by Hitler and Mussolini in 1936?

AXIS


49. Name the 3 Allied leaders in World War II

CHURCHILL, STALIN, ROOSEVELT

50. Why did Britain declare war on Germany?

GERMANY INVADED POLAND

51. What Allied invasion was the largest amphibious invasion in history?

D-DAY (NORMANDY)

52. Where did McArthur promise to return?

PHILIPPINES

53. Which event led to the end of World War II?

BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA

54. What was the last major Offensive of the War for the Germans?

Battle of the Bulge

55. What do the Holocaust, segregation of black troops and imprisonment of Nisei have

in common?

PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION (RACISM)

56. What Nazi policy was used against Jews?

FINAL SOLUTION

57. What agreement was a long-term cause of World War II?

TREATY OF VERSAILLES

58. What foreign policy indicated whom the United States would support?

LEND-LEASE

59. During the Casablanca Conference what decision was made?

TO INCREASE THE BOMBING OF GERMANY IN AN EFFORT TO DESTORY ITS MILITARY, INDUSTRAIL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEM

60. What policy allowed Hitler to expand with little opposition?

APPEASEMENT

61. Where did Eisenhower, McArthur and Rommel see action?

EISENHOWER-EUROPE, MACARTHUR-PHILIPPINES, ROMMEL-NORTH AFRICA

62. In what battle did the British use the radar in with success and were able to turn back Hitler and the Luftwaffe?

BATTLE OF BRITAIN

63. List 4 features that were involved in Hitler’s rise to power?

REVENGE, ECONOMIC PROBLEMS, MASTER RACE, TREATY OF VERSAILLES

64. What laws were passed by Congress in 1935 to keep the U.S. out of future wars?

NEUTRALITY ACTS

65. Name the area, person and policy that are related to the Munich Pact

SUDETENLAND, CHAMBERLAIN, APPEASEMENT

66. The Government Agencies Job was to set priorities and production goals and to control distribution of raw materials and supplies?

WAR PRODUCTION BOARD

67. Who did Hitler blame for Germany’s defeat in World War I and economic

problems during the 1920’s?

JEWS


68. Name 4 German concentration camps

AUSCHWITZ, TREBLINKA, BUCHENWALD, BELSEN

69. What status was given to the U.S. with the passage of Lend-Lease?

ARSENAL OF DEMOCRACY

70. The __________ are the first time that women are allowed in the military during War?

WACS


71. What event led Roosevelt to refer to the day as “a date which will live in infamy”?

ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR

72. Cuban exiles, secretly trained by the C. I. A. and supplied by the U. S. government, attempted to invade the island and overthrow Castro's Communist government there was called ?

BAY OF PIGS

73. How did the U.S. react to news that German scientists had split a uranium atom?

MANHATTAN PROJECT

74. The removal of General Douglas MacArthur from command of the United States-United Nations forces during the Korean War exemplifies the constitutional principle of?:

CIVILIAN CONTROL OF THE MILITARY

75. During the struggle in China between nationalists and communists after World War II, the United States?:

continued to support Chiang Kai-Shek with money and weapons even when it became clear his cause was lost

76. Where did Soviet troops stop the German advance into the USSR?

STALINGRAD

77. What strategy was used against the Japanese in the Pacific?

ISLAND HOPPING

78. What desperate strategy was used by the Japanese as Allies neared Japan?

KAMIKAZE


79. List terms that might be identified with the Manhattan Project.

ROBERT OPPENHEIMER, MANHATTAN PROJECT, LOS ALAMOS

80 This regional organization, created in 1951, promoted the economic development of Latin America and cooperation between the U. S. and its Latin American neighbors?

OAS


81. What happened at Nuremberg after World War II?

NAZI LEADERS WERE PUT ON TRIAL

82. A military alliance between the Soviet Union and its Eastern European Communist satellites was called?

WARSAW PACT

83. What part of the United States were the Internment camps established?

Isolate western states

84. What was the ruling in Korematsu v. United States?

JAPANESE-AMERICANS COULD BE SENT TO RELOCATION CENTERS

85. What did the Nuremberg trials emphasized? individual responsibility for actions during a war, regardless of orders received.

86. What was the result of the San Francisco conference?

CREATION OF THE UN

87. Why was the decision made to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima?

TO SAVE AMERICAN LIVES AND SHORTEN THE WAR

88 This U. S.-Soviet agreement called for the end of atmospheric testing of nuclear device

NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY

89.. Which Cold War event involve the city of Berlin being blockaded?

Berlin Airlift

90. Which of the following resulted from servicemen returning home from World War II?

baby boom, GI Bill, Housing shortage

91. What did the Taft-Hartley Act do?

It outlaw all closed union shops

92. President Kennedy's main goal in the United States' 1962 decision to blockade Cuba was to?

Force the Soviet Union to remove its missiles from Cuba


93. In 1960 which of the following contributed most directly to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's cancellation of a scheduled summit meeting with President Dwight D. Eisenhower?

THE DOWNING OF AN AMERICAN U-2 SPY PLANE OVER THE SOVIET UNION.

94. The program of economic aid to Latin American countries initiated by President Kennedy to build on the good will established by FDR's Good Neighbor Policy.

ALLIANCE FOR PROGRESS

95. What term was used to describe the separation of the Communist nations of Eastern Europe from the West? IRON CURTAIN

96. Two countries were the Central Intelligence Agencies was used to achieve the goals of the US during the Cold War during the 1950’s?

IRAN AND GUATEMALA

97. Was an enduring symbol of the cold war that divide the city in Germany?

BERLIN WALL

98. What country was develop in 1948 as a result of the Holocaust?

ISREAL

99. What weapon was consider at least a 100 times more powerful that the Atomic Bomb?



Hydrogen

100. Which Cold War Program propose Economic and Military aid to those countries with anti-communist governments in the Middle East?

Eisenhower Doctrine

101.Who was the lead of the Cuban rebellion in 1959 that was responsible for establishing a communist government in Cuba?

FIDEL CASTRO

102. What marked the end to the fighting with Japan during WWII?

V-J Day

103. What organization with in the United Nations has the authority to send troops to different countries? (It has five permanent members USA, RUSSIA, CHINA, GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE) Security Council



104. The Major results of the Tehran conference in 1943 were?

GREAT BRITAIN AND US WOULD OPEN SECOND FRONT AGAINST THE GERMANY IN EUROPE, THE ALLIED POWERS WOULD DIVIDE UP GERMANY, AND THE USSR WOULD HELP THE ALLIED DEFEAT JAPAN AFTER GERMANY WAS DEFEAT.

105. One group of society that benefit form the Post war economic boom following World War II were the?

MIDDLE CLASS


106. The treaty, signed by representatives of the United States, Australia, Britain, France, New Zealand , Pakistan, the Philippines and Thailand, provided for collective action against aggression in 1954 was ?

SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)



107. What theoretically ended the war between French Union forces and the Vietminh in Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam? These states were to become fully independent countries, with the last-named partitioned near the 17th parallel into two states pending reunification through "free elections" to be held by July 20, 1956. The United States and Vietnam are not signatories to these agreements (GENEVA ACCORDS)

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