American History I: The Founding Principles Curriculum Map 2015-2016



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American History I: The Founding Principles Curriculum Map 2015-2016




Unit 1: European Exploration and Colonial America (10 days)

Key Concepts: Geography, Economic Systems, Movement, Conflict, Power

Students will Understand

  • Attempts to gain influence over an area can occur through political, economic, and cultural means.

  • Global policies made by nations perceived to be superior may have a positive or negative effect on nations perceived to be inferior.

  • Mother countries set up systems to benefit them rather than the colony.

  • Religious freedom and beliefs play a large role in the founding of a new society/colony

  • Geography can play a large role in the economic focus of a colony



Students will Know (Critical Content)

  • Causes of the Age of Exploration

  • The implementation of the concept of mercantilism in the colonies.

  • The history of the Native Americans before Columbus

  • Compare and Contrast the approaches to building colonies of Spain, England and France.

  • Columbian Exchange’s impact on Native Americans

  • Compare and Contrast the founding of Chesapeake and New England colonies

  • Beginnings of African slavery in the new world.

  • The role of religion in the founding of the new world

  • The founders, purposes, economic reasons for each of the 13 colonies.

  • Economic policies of the British Empire towards the colonies.

  • Causes of the French and Indian War

  • Changing of the relationship between the colonies and England as a result of French and Indian War

  • Structure of Colonial government

  • Differences between Northern, Middle, and Southern Colonies

  • Puritan intolerance leading to other colonies

  • Influence of the Great Awakening on Colonial Society

  • Beginnings of slavery in the colonies and how their legal status is determined.

  • Creation and Effects of Triangular trade systems.

Essential Questions

1. What political, economic, and cultural conditions can cause a group of people to want to leave their homeland?

2. How does geography influence the settlement patterns of a group of people?

3. How can cultural exchange influence the development of a society?

4. What role does religion play in shaping society?

5. To what extent have the effects of European actions and policies been beneficial or detrimental to other groups?

6. What policies and laws can limit the economic possibilities for a colony while benefit a mother country?

7. What steps can a group of people take to ensure/deny religious freedom?

8. How can climate and location lead to different economic activities within the same country?

9. What factors can influence political, economic, and cultural differences between a mother country and its colonies?



Priority Standards

H2, H3, H4, H5, H8

Learning Outcomes (DO)


Materials/Resources

Critical Content & Vocabulary by Strand

Clarifying Objectives

AH.1.H.2.1 Analyze key political, economic, and social turning points from colonization through Reconstruction in terms of causes and effects.


AH1.H.2.2 Evaluate key turning points from colonization through Reconstruction in terms of their lasting impact.
AH1.H.3.1 Analyze how economic, political, social, military and religious factors influenced European exploration and American colonial settlement (e.g., Reformation, mercantilism, improvements in navigation technology, colonization, defeat of Spanish Armada, Great Awakening, etc.).
AH1.H.3.2 Explain how environmental, cultural, and economic factors influenced the patterns of migration and settlement within the U.S. before the Civil War.
AH1.H.3.3 Explain the roles of various racial and ethnic groups in settlement and expansion through Reconstruction and the consequences for those groups.
AH1.H.3.4 Analyze voluntary and involuntary immigration trends through Reconstruction in terms of causes, regions, of origin and destination, cultural contributions, and public and governmental response.
AH1.H.4.1 Analyze the political issues and conflicts that impacted the U.S. through Reconstruction and the compromises that resulted.
AH1.H.4.3 Analyze the social and religious conflicts, movements, and reforms that affected the U.S. from colonization through Reconstruction in terms of participants, strategies, opposition, and results.
AH.1.H.4.4 Analyze the cultural conflicts that impacted the U.S. through Reconstruction and the compromises that resulted.
AH.1.H.5.1 Summarize how the philosophical, ideological, and religious views on freedom and equality contributed to the development of American political economic systems through Reconstruction.
AH1. H.5.2 Explain how judicial, legislative, and executive actions have affected the distribution of power between levels of government from colonization through Reconstruction
AH1.H.8.1 Analyze the relationship between innovation, economic development, progress, and various perceptions of the ‘American Dream” through Reconstruction.
AH1.H.8.3 Evaluate the extent to which a variety of groups and individuals have had opportunity to attain their perception of the ‘American Dream” through Reconstruction.



  • I will analyze how economic, religious, and cultural factors influenced exploration and settlement in the “New World”.

  • I will compare and contrast how explorers and colonists justified their risks and perseverance in exploring and settling the ‘New World”.

  • I will analyze how the English Civil Wars and the Glorious Revolution of the 17th Century impacted British Economic Policy and the economic development of the colonies.

  • I will analyze how the ideals of mercantilism guided economic development in the colonies.

  • I will analyze how the Protestant Reformation impacted European Exploration and settlement of North America.

  • I will examine how economic factors influenced the settlement and development of the 13 English colonies in America.

  • I will analyze how environmental factors, such as topography, climate variations, and disease influenced the settlement and development of the 13 English colonies.

  • I will compare and contrast the cultural influences and development of the 13 English colonies.

  • I will analyze how the ideas of mercantilism guided the economic development of the 13 English colonies.

  • I will examine how British, French, and Spanish attempts at empire in North America led to cultural diffusion and conflict between various groups.

  • I will examine how the cultural development of the British colonies varied according to the region lived in.

  • I will analyze how British colonists persevered in the face of harsh conditions to colonize North America.

  • I will examine how European colonists and enslaved Africans adapted their cultures and institutions to define a new American culture.

  • I will analyze how and to what extent colonial expansion and various frontier wars with American Indians affected the political development of the British colonies.

  • I will examine how and to what extent colonial rights and privileges as Englishmen led to the development of colonial political institutions.

  • I will analyze how the political organization of the royal colonies around a royal governor, councils, and assemblies affected the distribution of power between the colonists and Great Britain.

  • I will compare and contrast the rules on religious freedom and toleration among the 13 British colonies.

  • I will analyze how the Great Awakening encouraged individualism and personal judgment, revivalism, and religious tolerance.

  • I will analyze how, why and to what extent the English colonies relied on slave labor.

  • I will analyze how the growth of commerce shipbuilding and commercial agriculture encouraged economic development in New England.

  • I will compare and contrast how the development of cash crops, land policies, and labor led to the development of the plantation system in the South.

* For sheg.stanford.edu you would have to create an account in order to download the PDF’s – it is free

https://sheg.stanford.edu/user/register?destination=node%2F231


This is a great opening lesson on understanding multiple perspectives in history.

http://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%201_Introduction/Lunchroom%20Fight.Lesson%20Plan.pdf


This lesson concerns the importance of perspective in historiography.

http://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%201_Introduction/Snapshot%20Autobiography.pdf


Common Core Activity on English Exploration

http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/Launch?id=1544


Common Core Activity on the Massachusetts Bay Colony

http://www.hippocampus.org/History%20%26%20Government;jsessionid=D3C1661D99A10B52E0505ABE014AF094


Common Core Activity on the agriculture-based economy of the Southern Colonies

http://www.hippocampus.org/History%20%26%20Government;jsessionid=D3C1661D99A10B52E0505ABE014AF094


Common Core Activity on William Penn and the Middle Colonies

http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/Launch?id=1264&bhcp=1


Common Core Activity on economic differences between the colonies

http://www.hippocampus.org/History%20%26%20Government;jsessionid=D3C1661D99A10B52E0505ABE014AF094


Common Core Activity on women’s issues and religious issues during colonial times

http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/Launch?id=29


Primary Source Activity on the Salem Witch Trials

http://www.hippocampus.org/History%20%26%20Government;jsessionid=844FE27BA37E66D883C3947941CB63AC


Common Core Activity on Pocahontas and relations with Native Americans in Virginia.

http://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%202_Colonial/Pocahontas%20Lesson%20Plan%202.pdf


Common Core Activity on Jamestown

http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/Launch?id=201


Common Core Activity on differences between the colonies.

http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/Launch?id=1494


Common Core Activity on the “Middle Passage”

http://www.sascurriculumpathways.com/portal/Launch?id=607


Common Core Activities on the Great Awakening

#1

http://www.hippocampus.org/History%20%26%20Government;jsessionid=D3C1661D99A10B52E0505ABE014AF094


#2

http://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%203_Revolution%20and%20Early%20America/First%20Great%20Awakening1.pdf



History

  • European colonization of the New World

  • Explorers

  • Conquistadors

  • Roanoke

  • Role of disease in colonization

  • Political/Religious issues in Europe

  • Bacon’s Rebellion

  • King William’s War

  • Queen Anne’s War

  • King Philip’s War

  • French and Indian War



Civics and Government

  • Town Meetings

  • Jamestown

  • Mayflower Compact

  • House of Burgesses

  • Theocracy

  • Salutary Neglect

  • Maryland Toleration Act

  • Treaty of Paris 1763

  • Colonial Government

  • Dominion of New England



Economics

  • Plantations

  • Tobacco

  • Mercantilism

  • Indentured servant

  • Slave Trade

  • Triangular Trade

  • Middle Passage

  • Columbian Exchange

  • Economics

  • Fur trade

  • Mercantilism

  • Joint-Stock Companies

  • Proprietary/Royal Colonies

  • Enclosure movement

  • Triangular Trade

  • Virginia Company

  • Headright System

  • Slavery

  • Encomienda system

  • Navigation Act of 1660

  • Navigation Act of 1663

  • Navigation Act of 1673



Geography

  • Thirteen Colonies

  • Plymouth

  • Locations of European

Empires

  • Locations of Native American societies



Culture

  • Native Americans

  • Protestant

  • Catholic

  • Pilgrims

  • Puritans

  • Quakers

  • Salem Witch Trials

  • 1st Great Awakening

  • Puritanism

  • Separatists

  • “Holy Experiment”

  • Old Lights vs. New Lights

“City on a Hill”





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