Ancient Civilizations – Unit 4: Classical Mediterranean Civilizations (Part I) – Ancient Greece

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Ancient Civilizations – Unit 4: Classical Mediterranean Civilizations (Part I) – Ancient Greece

Test Study Guide and Practice Exercises
Name: _______________________ Period: _____
Overall description: The test will consist of 7 sections. Each section in this study guide provides helpful information on each of the test sections.
Section 1: Chronology and Timeline (you will see a very similar exercises on the test. Pay attention to the B.C.E. designation for years/centuries in your answers).
Important Dates in the History of Ancient Greece



Xerxes invades Greece in 480 B.C.E.

1). __________________

Mycenaean kings dominated Greece from about 1600 B.C.E to 1100 B.C.E

2). From _________ to _____________

3). (range) ___________________________

At the beginning of the 4th century B.C.E. Socrates was brought to trial for “corrupting the youth of Athens”

4). (range) __________________________

The Trojan War took place during the

13th century B.C.E.

Timeline: Arrange the following events in a chronological order: (place letters corresponding to each event in the spaces below/above the timeline).
a). Alexander the Great dies at the age of 32

b). The Peloponnesian War begins

c). The Battle of Marathon won by the Athenians

d). Minoan dominance of trade in the eastern Mediterranean ends

1400 490 323



Section 2: Map Skills:

On the map below, match letters to their appropriate geographic feature above:

a). Aegean Sea f). Crete k). Sicily

b). Balkan Peninsula g). Europe l). Italy

c). Peloponnesus Peninsula h). Egypt m). Dardanelles Strait

d). Asia Minor (aka: Anatolia / Turkey) i). Cyprus (Hellespont)

e). Black Sea j). Ionian Sea n). Bosporus Strait

Let’s do this again, but on a different map (see next page)
(1) Aegean Sea (4) Mediterranean Sea (7) Macedonia
(2) Crete (5) Athens (8) Black Sea
(3) The Nile River (6) Sparta (9) Dardanelles

Section 3: Matching (you will be asked to match terms/individuals to their appropriate definitions/explanation. The terms will come from the list below):


Trojan War





Tyranny (tyrant)












Battle of Marathon










Delean League




Philip II

Hellenistic culture








Greek columns

Darius III






Alexander the Great


Section 4: Multiple Choice (review your notes, especially the following content):

  1. Location of the Minoan civilization

  1. The Minoans’ source of wealth and prosperity

  1. Connection between the physical geography of Greece and its political composition

  1. Key terms that are associated with Greek city-states

  1. Religious beliefs and role of religion in Greek societies

  1. Names and accomplishments of popular dictators (tyrants) from Athens

  1. Systems of government experienced by Athenians

  1. System of government in Sparta

  1. Results of the Persian Wars

  1. Rule of Pericles and major accomplishments under his leadership

  1. Styles of Greek columns and examples

  1. Importance of individual’s participation in politics under direct democracy

  1. Causes and results of the Peloponnesian War

  1. Famous Greek philosophers, their beliefs, and their attitude toward democracy

  1. Alexander the Great and his empire (largest extent)

  1. Developments in Alexander the Great’s empire after his death

  1. Hellenistic culture, discoveries, accomplishments

Section 5: Matching (match the following Greeks to their areas of expertise) – matching items will be chosen from the following names:

Famous Greeks:

Areas of Expertise:

____ Archimedes and Hyppocrates

____ Phidias
____ Cleisthenes and Pericles
____ Euclid and Pythagoras
____ Homer
____ Sophocles and Euripides
____ Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

  1. Poetry

  1. Drama

  1. Architecture

  1. Philosophy

  1. Science and Medicine

  1. Mathematics (Geometry)

  1. Politics

Section 6: Short Answers

  • For this section, review forms of government experienced in Athens (make sure to understand the differences between them, their positive and negative features, as well as the role of an individual in a decision making process)

  • Also review the reasons Ancient Greece is considered to be the “cradle of Western civilization.” More specifically, review specific connections / contributions of Greek civilization and their impact on the West (Western Europe and the United States).

Section 7: Primary Source Analysis:

  • Review all primary sources on Ancient Greece.

  • Just to practice, answer the questions related to the primary source below:

Source 1: Aristophanes, famous Athenian comedy playwright, Chorus of The Women, c. 420 BCE

Come now, if we are an evil, why do you marry us, if indeed we are really an evil, and forbid any of us either to go out, or to be caught peeping out, but wish to guard the evil thing with so great diligence? And if the wife should go out anywhere, and you then discover her to be out of doors, you rage with madness, who ought to offer libations and rejoice, if indeed you really find the evil thing to be gone away from the house and do not find it at home. And if we sleep in other peoples' houses, when we play and when we are tired, everyone searches for this evil thing, going round about the beds. And if we peep out of a window, everyone seeks to get a sight of the evil thing. And if we retire again, being ashamed, so much the more does everyone desire to see the evil thing peep out again. So manifestly are we much better than you.


  1. What is the main point expressed in this passage? (answer in your own words)

  1. What is the tone of the document? Why do you think a male playwright from Ancient Athens expressed this perspective?

* There will be an extra credit portion of the test, containing questions from previous tests!!!
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