31. How many miles were the Cherokee forced to march to Indian Territory?
Click on View Trail
32. Name 5 states that were included in the Cherokee Nation.
33. What the land or water route closer to Clarksville, Tennessee?
ONE ACCOUNT OF LIFE ON THE TRAIL OF TEARS
"Without warning, the troops burst into Cherokee homes, dragged the people outside, and drove them toward staging camps. Anyone moving too slowly was prodded by a soldier’s bayonet. Following almost on the heels of the soldiers came neighboring whites who swept up the Cherokee’s personal possessions just as soon as the soldiers had forced the Indians from their homes. Like pirates, the whites stuffed sacks with pots, pans, silverware, and musical instruments, all looted from Cherokee houses and cabins." --from the book The Trail of Tears by R. Conrad Stein
34. How did the soldiers force the Native Americans to evacuate?
35. Who followed the Cherokee’s as they left their homes? WHY?
Trail of Tears Newspaper Article
The second detachment of the emigrating Cherokees passed through Nashville Monday on their way to the “Far West.” They lay encamped near Foster’s mill on the Murfreesboro Turnpike for several days, and while there were visited by many of our citizens.
….A worthy subscriber residing in the country writes that he was present several times, and regrets to say that many of the Indians appeared badly in need of apparel. Barefooted and badly clad, they cannot all hope to withstand the fatigues of battle and the inclemency of the season. Disease and perhaps death must be the portion of scores of their number before they reach the Western frontier.
Indeed four or five were buried near town, and not less than 50 were on the sick list when they passed through on Monday. The same correspondent asks us to propose to our fellow citizens some means of relief for the detachments yet to pass, but we confess our in ability to do so, beyond suggesting the propriety and humanity of contributing such donations of clothing, as might be conveniently spared and would prove of real service to the recipients. – October 24, 1838 Nashville Whig Newspaper
36. Based on this article, the reader of this article is led to believe the Cherokees passing through town were in need of what two things?
37. According to this picture, identify at least two hardships [difficulties] that Native Americans faced on the Trail of Tears.
38. What was Sequoyah convinced would help his people?
39. What is the name of the newspaper Sequoyah wrote for the Cherokee Nation?
Thousands and thousands of people, without distinction or rank, collected in an immense mass round he Capital, silent, orderly, and tranquil, with their eyes fixed on the front of that edifice (large or impressive building), waiting the appearance of the President…The door open,… the old man with his grey locks (hair), that crown of glory advances, bows to the people, who greet him with a shout that rends (splits) the air…It was grand, it was sublime! An almost breathless silence…and the multitude (crowd) was still, listening to catch the sound of his voice, tho’ (though) it was so low, as to be heard only by those nearest to him. After…(he read) his speech, the oath was administered to him by the Chief Justice.” -March 11, 1828 Andrew Jackson’s inauguration
40. Describe who was allowed to attend Jackson’s inauguration.
41. What was the crowd’s reaction to Jackson’s appearance?
“It is to be regretted that the rich and powerful too often bend the acts of governments to their selfish purposes… Distinctions in society will always exist under every just government… But when the laws undertake to… Make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society… have a right to complain of the injustices of their Government.” – Jackson’s message explaining his veto of the National Bank, July 10, 1832
42. According to Jackson, which members of society benefited from the National Bank?
43. Who did Jackson think he was defending when he vetoed the National Bank?
“All preceding experiments for the improvement of the Indians have failed. It seems now to be an established fact that they can not live in contact with a civilized community and prosper… No one can doubt the moral duty of the Govenrment… To protect and if possible to preserve and perpetuate the scattered remnants of this race…” –Jackson’s message to Congress concerning the removal of Native Americans from east of the Appalachian Mountains, December 7, 1835.
44. Who is the ‘civilized community’ according to Jackson?
45. Why did Jackson feel that relocating the Native Americans was the best policy?
“… I would hang the first man I could get my hands on.” – Jackson’s remarks to the states threatening secession
“So obvious are the reasons which forbid this secession (withdrawal from the union), that it is necessary only to mention them. The Union was formed for the benefit of all. It was produced by the sacrifice of interest and opinions. Can those sacrifices be ignored?... Everyone must see that the other States, in self-defense, must oppose secession at all costs.” – President Andrew Jackson
46. What was Jackson’s opinion of southern secession?
47. Why did Jackson feel this way?
48. What presidential power does the cartoon show Jackson having? What did Andrew Jackson veto?
49. Upon what document is Andrew Jackson standing on in the cartoon?