Ap american Gilded Age Presidents Directions : List sfi from each presidential time period



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AP American - Gilded Age Presidents

Directions: List SFI from each presidential time period.

Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881R

  • “his fraudulency”

  • Wife: Lemonade Lucy

  • Comp of 1877

  • End of Military Reconstruction

  • Republican split – Halfbreeds (James Blaine)/Stalwarts (Roscoe Conkling)

  • 1877 Great Railroad Strike

  • 1877 Sandlot Incident – attack on Chinese

  • 1877 Munn v Illinois

  • 1878 Pago Pago Treaty

  • 1878 Bland Allison Silver Purchase Act (Hayes veto Over)

  • 1879 Terrence Powderly takes over Knights of Labor

  • 1879 – Henry George Progress and Poverty – Single Tax

  • 1879 – Salvation Army

  • 1879 – 1st incandescent lightbulb

  • 1877 – phonograph - Edison


James A.Garfield 1881 R

  • Halfbreed

  • Wanted to unite Republicans, but was pro civil service reform

  • Hounded by office seekers

  • Began discussions regarding Latin American/US policies

  • 1881 assassinated by Charles Guiteau – disappointed office seeker

  • Quote – “I am a stalwart, and Arthur is now President”


Chester A.Arthur 1881-1885 R

  • Stalwart – close ally of Roscoe Conkling

  • Approved construction of the modern navy

  • Reversed Garfield’s foreign policy initiatives in Latin America

  • 1881 – Tuskegee Institute – BT Washington

  • 1881 – A Century of Dishonor – Helen Hunt Jackson

  • 1882 – Chinese Exclusion Act

  • 1882 – Standard Oil formed - Rockefeller

  • 1883 Civil Rights Cases

  • 1883 – Pendleton Act

  • 1883-84 – Fence Cutter’s War

  • 1884 - Huck Finn


Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 D

  • Divisions in Rep. Party led to Demo Victory

  • Honest, sincere, hardworking

  • Vetoed 2/3 of bills presented

  • Wanted to curtail federal activity

  • Continued naval construction

  • Committed to lowering the tariff (caused a loss of support)

  • 1885 "Our Country" Josiah Strong

  • 1886 Haymarket riot

  • 1886 AFL - Samuel Gompers

  • 1886- Wabash vs Illinois

  • 1886 Statue of Liberty - NY harbor

  • 1887 Dawes Severalty Act

  • 1887 APA - American Protective Association - most successful Nativist group

  • 1887 Interstate Commerce Act

  • 1887 Edward Bellamy "Looking Backward"

  • 1887- US- exclusive use of Pearl Harbor

  • 1887 end of open range ranching

  • 1888 GE founded (originally Edison Electric Co)

  • 1888 Kodak camera

  • Lost 88 election to B. Harrison - no support from American industrialists




Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893R

1889

  • Growing tensions over Samoa w/ GB US and Germany are eased

  • Hull House - Jane Adams

  • Gospel of Wealth- Carnegie

1890

  • Wounded Knee Massacre

  • Sherman Silver Purchase Act

  • Repubs controlled both houses- Billion Dollar Congress

  • Reed rule imposed on House ( disappearing quorum)

  • "The Influence of Sea Power on History" - Alfred Thayer Mahan

  • McKinley tariff ( highest ever w/ reciprocity)

  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

  • Ocala Demands

  • Jacob Riis " How the Other Half Lives "

1892

  • Omaha demands- Populist party platform

  • Homestead strike (steel)

  • Dependent pensions act

  • Rep lose Midwest support - strict state laws offend Catholics, Lutherans, and Germans

  • 1st long distance phone call

1893

Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 - D

  • Democrats gain control of both houses of congress- due to excessive spending of billion dollar congress

1893

  • Panic of 93

  • Repeal of Sherman silver purchase act

  • Cleveland withdraws treaty to annex Hawaii

  • Lilian Wald- Henry St Settlement

  • Stephen crane - " Maggie: A Girl of the Streets"

  • Frederick Jackson Turner " Frontier Thesis"

  • End of Knights of Labor

  • IWW - Wobblies - Industrial Workers of the World- Big Bill Haywood

1894

  • Wilson Gorman Tariff- modest reduction, high on sugar

  • Republicans regain control in congress

  • Coxey’s Army

  • Pullman strike

  • United mine workers strike

  • "Coins Financial School" William Harvey

1895

  • Atlanta compromise- BTW

  • US v EC Knight- sugary refinery case

  • In Re: Debbs

  • Stephen crane "Red Badge of Courage"

  • Venezuela incident- Ven. and British Guiana

  • Proclamation of Neutrality re: Spain and Cuba

1896

  • Plessy v Ferguson

  • “Cross of Gold” speech- William Jennings Bryan

  • Gen Weyler - "reconcentration" policy in Cuba - nicknamed the " butcher "

1897

  • Cleveland vetoes banning illiterate immigrants


William McKinley 1897-1901 R – first pres to ride in auto

1897

  • Dingley Tariff – highest yet

  • Social Democratic Party – Eugene Debbs

1898

  • Dewey invades Manila Bay (Philippines)

  • Spanish American War

  • Hawaii annexed

  • Teller Amendment

  • Anti-Imperialist League

  • Socialist Party of America – Debbs

  • Florence Kelley – Nat’l Consumer League (she becomes general secretary)

  • Philippine American War - 1898-1902

1899

  • Thorstein Veblen - “Theory of the Leisure Class”

  • US and Germany divide Samoa

  • John Hay – “Open Door” Policy with China

1900

  • Landslide victory for McK and Teddy

  • Gold Standard Act

  • Taft Commission/Philippines

  • Foraker Act (Puerto Rico)

  • Platt Amendment – Guantanamo Bay and US intervention

  • Boxer Rebellion

1901

  • “Sister Carrie” – Theodore Dreiser

  • McK assassinated by Leon Czolgosz

  • Teddy Roosevelt becomes President


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