Ap european history

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Prompts by Chapter

Mr. Costa

Chapter 13

1. Explain the ways in which Italian Renaissance humanism transformed ideas about the individual’s role in society. Ch. 13 – Continuity and Change over time.

2. To what extent is the term “Renaissance” a valid concept for a distinct period in early modern European history? Ch. 13- Periodization

3. Analyze the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. Use at least THREE specific works to support your analysis. Ch.13- Comparison
Chapter 14

1. “The Reformation was a rejection of the secular spirit of the Italian Renaissance.’ Defend or refute this statement using specific examples from sixteenth century Europe. Ch. 14- Comparison

2. What were the responses of the Catholic authorities in the 16th century to the challenges posed by the Lutheran Reformation? Ch. 14- Causation

3. “Luther was both a revolutionary and a conservative.” Evaluate this statement with response to the political and social questions of the day. Ch.14- Comparison

Chapter 15

1. Explain how advances in learning and technology influenced fifteenth and sixteenth century European exploration and trade. Ch. 15- Causation

2. Analyze the changes in the European economy from about 1450 to 1700 brought about by the voyages of exploration and by colonization. Give specific examples. Ch. 15- Continuity and Change over Time

3. Focusing on the period before 1600, describe and analyze the cultural and economic interactions between Europe and the Western Hemisphere as a result of the Spanish and Portuguese exploration and settlement. Ch. 15- Causation

Chapter 16

1. Describe and analyze the changes in the role of Parliament in English politics between the succession of James I and the Glorious Revolution. Ch. 16- Continuity and Change over Time

2. In 1490 there was no such country as Spain, yet within a century it had become the most powerful nation in Europe and within another had sunk to the status of a third-rate power. Describe and analyze the major social, economic, and political reasons for Spain’s rise and fall. Ch. 16 Continuity and Change over Time

3. Analyze the ways in which both the theory and practice of monarchy evolved in England from the death of Elizabeth I in 1603 to the Glorious Revolution of 1688-89. Ch.16- Continuity and Change over Time

Chapter 17

1. Analyze the military, political, and social factors that account for the rise of Prussia between 1640 and 1786. Ch. 17- Continuity and Change over Time

2. “By 1700 it had become evident that Western Europe and Eastern Europe were moving in opposite directions in terms of their basic social structures.” Discuss. Ch.17- Comparison

3. In what ways and to what extent did absolutism affect the power and status of the European nobility in the period 1650 to 1750? Use examples from at least TWO countries. Ch.16/17- Continuity and Change over Time

Chapter 18

1. Analyze the ways in which Enlightenment thought addressed religious beliefs and social issues in the 18th century. Ch. 18- Periodization

2. Assess the impact of the Scientific Revolution on religion and philosophy in the period 1550 to 1750. Ch. 18 Continuity and Change over Time

3. Analyze the ways in which specific intellectual and scientific developments of the 17th and 18th centuries contributed to the emergence of the religious outlook known as “Deism.” Ch. 18- Causation

Chapter 19

1. Discuss the economic policies and institutions that characterized mercantilist systems from 1600 to 1800. Ch.19- Continuity and Change over Time

2. Analyze the economic, technological, and institutional factors responsible for western Europe’s domination of world trade from 1650 to 1800. Ch. 19- Periodization

3. Analyze how economic and social developments affected women in England in the period from 1700 to 1850. Ch. 19- Periodization

Chapter 20- No Essay

Chapter 21

1. “The essential cause of the French Revolution was the collision between a powerful, rising bourgeoisie and an entrenched aristocracy defending its privileges.” Assess the validity of this statement as an explanation of the events leading up to the French Revolution of 1789. Ch. 21- Causation

2. To what extent and in what ways was the French Revolution during the period 1789 through the Reign of Terror (1794) an attempt to create a government based on Enlightenment ideals? Ch. 21- Periodization

3. Napoleon I is sometimes called the greatest enlightened despot. Evaluate this assessment in terms of Napoleon I’s policies and accomplishments. Be sure to include a definition of enlightened despotism in your answer. Ch. 21- Periodization
Chapter 22

1. Describe the physical transformation of European cities in the second half of the 19th century and analyze the social consequences of this transformation. Ch. 22- Periodization

2. Between 1750 and 1850, more and more Western Europeans were employed in cottage industry and in factory production. Analyze how these two types of employment affected employer-employee relations, working conditions, family relations, and the standard of living during this period. Ch. 22- Periodization

3. Discuss three developments that enabled Great Britain to achieve a dominant economic position between 1700 and 1830. Ch. 22- Causation

Chapter 23

1. Compare and contrast Enlightenment and Romantic views of the relationship between God and the individual. Ch.23- Comparison

2. Describe the ways in which conservative political and social views shaped the peace settlement of the Congress of Vienna. Explain the consequences of the peace settlement for the period 1815 to 1848. Ch. 23- Causation

3. Discuss the origins and evolution of European liberalism as a political movement during the 19th century. Ch. 23- Continuity and Change over Time

Chapter 24

1. Analyze how and why western European attitudes toward children and child-rearing changed in the period from 1750-1900. Ch. 24- Continuity and Change over Time

2. Assess the extent in which Marx and Freud each challenged the nineteenth century liberal belief in rationality and progress?- Causation

3. Discuss the origins and evolution of European liberalism as a political movement during the 19th century. Ch. 23- Continuity and Change over Time

Chapter 25

1. In the period 1815-1900, political liberalization progressed much further in western Europe than in Russia. Analyze the social and economic reasons for this difference. Ch. 25- Periodization

2. Assess the extent to which the unification of Germany under Bismarck led to authoritarian government there between 1871 and 1914. Ch. 25- Causation

3. Compare and contrast the foreign policy goals and achievements of Metternich (1815-1848) and Bismarck (1862-1890). Ch.25- Comparison

Chapter 26

1. Compare and contrast the motives for European overseas expansion during the Age of Discovery (15th and 16th centuries) and during the Age of New Imperialism (19th and early 20th centuries). Ch.26- Comparison

2. Assess the nature and importance of economic factors that helped determine the race for empire among the major European powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Ch. 26- Causation

3. Analyze the policies of three European colonial powers regarding Africa between 1871 and 1914. Ch. 26- Periodization

Chapter 27

1. Discuss the ways in which the First World War contributed to the death of the aristocratic tradition in politics, social structure, and culture. Ch. 27- Periodization

2. Assess the major social, political, and technological changes that took place in European warfare between 1789 and 1918. Ch.27- Continuity and Change over Time

3. Compare and contrast the degree of success of treaties negotiated in Vienna (1814-1815) and Versailles (1919) in achieving European stability. Ch.27- Comparison

Chapter 28

1. Compare and contrast the extent to which the French Revolution (1789-1799) and the Russian Revolution (1917-1924) changed the status of women. Ch. 28- Comparison

2. Analyze the impact of the First World War on European culture and society in the interwar period (1919-1939). Ch. 28- Causation

3. Discuss and analyze the political and economic reasons for the failure of parliamentary democracy in Germany after the First World War. Ch. 28- Causation

Chapter 29

1. Account for the responses of the European democracies to the military aggression by Italy and Germany during the 1930s. Ch. 29- Periodization

2. Considering the period 1933 to 1945, analyze the economic, diplomatic, and military reasons for Germany’s defeat in the Second World War. Ch. 29- Periodization

3. Discuss the economic and social factors that gave rise to the totalitarian systems of communism and fascism in the 20th century. Ch. 29- Causation
Chapter 30

1. Compare and contrast the social and economic roles of the state in 17th and 18th century Europe (before 1789) to the social and economic roles of the state in Europe after the Second World War. Ch. 30- Continuity and Change over Time

2. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the economic revival of Western Europe between 1945 and the 1970s. Ch. 30- Periodization

3. Analyze the common political and economic problems facing Western European nations in the period 1945-1960 and discuss their responses to these problems. Ch. 30- Periodization

Chapter 31

1. Describe and analyze the resistance to Soviet authority in the Eastern bloc from the end of the Second World War through 1989. Be sure to include examples from at least two Soviet satellite countries. Ch. 31- Periodiztion

2. Analyze the factors working for and against European unity from 1945 to 2001.Ch. 31- Causation

3. Compare and contrast the political and economic effects of the Cold War (1945-1991) on Western Europe with the effects on Eastern Europe. Ch. 31- Comparison
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