Political, economic, and social changes occurred in Texas during the latter half of the 19th century.
How were American Indians in Texas affected after the Civil War?
During Reconstruction, one of the objectives of the U.S. government was to move American Indians roaming the plains of the western U.S. to reservations. Attacks, raids, and counter-raids occurred throughout the period of the Civil War. The U.S. Army launched a campaign to remove Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indian tribes from the Southern Plains to allow for expansion and a growing population. The American Indians did not go easily, and many battles were fought. The U.S. government impacted the life of the American Indians by killing off the buffalo and using the military to attack tribes. The Red River War led to the end of an entire way of life for the Southern Plains tribes and brought about a new chapter in Texas history.