Ccotchart Describe (and analyze) the political, economic, and cultural changes in western Europe from 600 C. E. to 1750. Be sure to discuss continuities as well as changes



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  • CCOTChart - Describe (and analyze) the political, economic, and cultural changes in western Europe from 600 C.E. to 1750. Be sure to discuss continuities as well as changes.




Western Europe in 600 – need specific examples

Why

Western Europe in 1450 – need specific examples

Why

Western Europe in 1750 – need specific examples

Why

Key Changes/why did these occur?

Key Continuities/why did these

Continue?

P

  1. Invasions/wars

  2. fragmented, decentralized, regional

  3. without a strong bureaucracy

  4. competing regional powers

  5. power based on land

  6. feudalism: powerful aristocracy




1. A few local kingdoms emerge; HRE, England, France

2. Wars between kings (particularly Eng. and Fr.)

3. power based on land





  1. absolute and parliamentary monarchies

  2. nation-states: ruled peoples who shared a common culture and language

  3. ambitious military organization; France and Spain with standing armies

  4. growing bureaucracy drawn from the merchants and lawyers

  5. mercantilism: state actively involved in economy




 weakening of feudal order

 growth of professional armies

 emergence of central monarchies

 religious wars

 weakening of church’s power

rise of merchant class

 exploration & colonization


 maintained a characteristic tension

btw. govt growth and the idea that

there should be some limits to st.

auth.,


 linkage between statecraft and war

 politically divided and often at war



E

  1. manorialism - self-sufficient agricultural estates

  2. most were serfs

  3. wealth based on land

  4. little trade and commerce




  1. rise of urban centers with skilled craftsmen/commerce

  2. serfdom ends

  3. specialization takes place

  4. trade expands; particularly between cities

  5. guilds help with rules and quality




  1. mercantilism: importance of colonies

  2. growth of colonial trade: core-dependent relationship

  3. improved food supply and agricultural efficiency, leaving surplus labor force

  4. increased manufacturing

  5. early capitalism: domestic system




 increased trade

 new farming methods & techniques

 colonization and dominance in maritime trade


 remained predominantly agricult.

 unequal distribution of wealth



C

  1. Christianity (Roman Catholic)

  2. religious themes in art and literature

  3. believed humans were sinful and only religion could save them

  4. literate group associated with the church

  5. women lacked rights




  1. Humanism - people begin to question Catholic practices

  2. Renaissance - art becomes more secular

  3. Christianity (Roman Catholic)

  4. women could own businesses and belong to guilds




  1. science as the new authority

  2. applied scientific methods to study nature as well as human society

  3. religious pluralism

  4. increased literacy

  5. believed: human beings are good, can be educated to be better, reason is the key to truth

  6. women’s rights: political rights and freedoms should extend to women

  7. greater equality & respect in treatment of women & children in the home




 Crusaders exposed to the advanced Islamic civilization

Renaissance

 humanism: the here and now

 individualism

 Reformation

 Scientific Revolution

 Enlightenment


 Christian values and traditions

remained important, especially

to the masses, albeit declining

in influence




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