Chapter 14 Study Guide The Coming of World War II

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United States History B

Chapter 14 Study Guide

The Coming of World War II

  1. What country was forced to accept the blame for WWI and was severely punished with the Treaty of Versailles, thus leading to WWII?

  2. What was a dress rehearsal for WWII which was supplied by Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union?

  3. What had been the center for the spread of Communism around the world?

  4. What Communist organization sought the international subversion of other countries through the formation of communist parties controlled by Moscow to undermine established governments and to infiltrate institutions?

  5. Who launched a large scale undeclared war against China in 1937?

  6. What territory did Germany remilitarize in 1936?

  7. What country did Germany occupy in 1938?

  8. Definition- A German word meaning living space. Hitler tried to justify his territorial expansion on the grounds that the Germans need more living space:

  9. What act prohibited the export of arms and munitions to warring nations and forbade the travel of Americans on ships of nations at war?

  10. What meeting was held by leaders of Germany, Italy, Britain, and France that appeased Hitler by allowing him to take the Sudetenland?

  11. Definition- To seek peace by yielding to the outspoken demands of a country, usually for territory from some other country:

  1. What agreement established the policy of non-aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union and contained a secret provision for the division of Poland?

  2. What war began with the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 by Germany and the Soviet Union?

  3. Definition- A German word meaning lightning war which describes a force of tanks, infantry, artillery, and air power, concentrating overwhelming force at high speed to break through enemy lines:

  1. How long did WWII last?

  2. What two countries declared war on Germany after the invasion of Poland?

  3. Which country had equal guilt with the invasion of Poland, yet no one declared war on it for this act of aggression?

  4. What four territories lost their independence and were incorporated into the Soviet Union?

  5. What six territories were conquered by German armies during the “phony war”?

  6. What French port city did the British evacuate their troops from?

  7. What portion of France remained unconquered and became home for the French government?

  8. Definition- An alliance of two or more countries to coordinate their foreign and military policy. It connotes, too, a central alliance into which smaller countries may be drawn. Germany, Italy, and Japan formed an alliance, which several smaller countries joined:

  1. Which country was supported by Hitler and Mussolini but remained neutral during WWII?

  2. Who replaced Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister of Britain and led Britain during WWII?

  3. What was the name given to the German air attack on Britain in 1940 which was a response to Britain’s bombing of Berlin?

  4. What organization was formed that opposed America’s entry into WWII?

  5. Who was the president of this organization?

  6. Who said, “There is a policy…based on the belief that the security of a nation lies in the strength and character of its own people. It recommends the maintenance of armed forces sufficient to defend this hemisphere from attack by any combination of foreign powers…. This is the policy of the America First Committee today. It is a policy not of isolation, but of independence; not of defeat, but of courage.”?

  7. Who campaigned for the presidency with the promise to keep the United States out of WWII and secretly sought to involve the United States in the war at the same time?

  8. What act authorized the delivery of weapons to Britain prior to America’s entry into WWII?

  9. What was the first peacetime draft in American history?

  10. Who ordered American naval vessels to shoot German submarines on sight?

  11. Which ally did Germany turn on and invade in 1941?

  12. By 1941 WWII had become a death struggle between which two totalitarian powers?

  13. What battle took place in which Germany laid a siege on a Russian city and resulted in the Germans becoming the besieged?

  14. Which country banned the shipment of scrap metals, oil, and aviation gasoline to Japan and froze Japanese assets?

  15. What American naval base was attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941, thus killing 2,400 people?

  16. What country entered WWII as a result of this attack?

  17. According to the Constitution, which branch of government has the power to declare war and when was the last time this happened in U.S. History?

  18. Who was the President of the United States at the outbreak of WWII?

The United States in World War II

  1. Whose administration oversaw during WWII government regulation, control over the economy, deficit spending, progressive taxation, government planning, redistribution of wealth, and the concentration of political power in Washington D.C.?

  2. What conscripted millions of Americans from ages of twenty to forty-four for military service?

  3. What federal government agency coordinated the retooling of American factories and oversaw the production of war material?

  4. What economic system did the United States adopt during WWII to fight fascism?

  5. What tax policy was introduced during WWII to ensure the payment of the income tax by Americans?

  6. What government agency enforced price and wage controls?

  7. List five products that were rationed by the government?

  8. Which part of the Axis powers posed no direct threat to the United States or any of its possessions?

  9. What name is given to a plan established by Churchill and Roosevelt after a series of secret meetings prior to the U.S. involvement in WWII to plan the post-war world?

  10. What did Roosevelt and Churchill demand of the Axis at the Casablanca Conference?

  11. What meeting took place between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in which they agreed to establish a second front?

  12. Who wanted the second front to be established in France instead of Italy or the Balkans to ensure the Soviet takeover of Eastern Europe?

  13. What meeting took place between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in which they planned to reorganize post-war Europe?

  14. List three vehicles that made WWII a mobile war:

  15. What did the British invent which enabled them to locate and detect German airplanes?

  16. Who was the Chief of Staff of the United States Army during WWII?

  17. Who was the Supreme commander of the Allied forces who planned the cross-channel invasion of Europe?

  18. Which American tank commander successfully led the invasions of North Africa, Sicily, and Italy?

  19. Which American naval commander was over the Pacific fleet?

  20. Which naval battle took place between the United States and Japan which resulted in the destruction of Japanese carriers?

  21. Who was the British Field Marshal who led the attack on German forces in North Africa?

  22. Which German tank commander oversaw German forces in North Africa and Europe?

  23. What was the name of the allied invasion of continental Europe and was known by its code name “Overlord”?

  24. What is the day, month, and year of this invasion?

  25. What was the last German offensive of the war which took place in December 1944?

  26. Which American division was trapped behind enemy lines due to this offensive and was later saved by George S. Patton?

  27. What German cultural city was fire-bombed by the allies and resulted in the deaths of 100,000 civilians?

  28. What was the day, month, and year of V-E Day?

  29. Which American general successfully recaptured the Philippines from the Japanese?

  30. What strategy did the allies adopt to defeat Japanese control of the islands in the Pacific?

  31. What two islands were taken by the Marines?

  32. What was the name given to the secret atomic bomb project?

  33. Where was the very first atomic bomb explosion in world history?

  34. Which two Japanese cities did the United States destroy using atomic bombs which resulted in the deaths of 150,000 people?

  35. Which country emerged victorious from the death struggle of totalitarian powers after WWII and conquered much of Eastern Europe and became the greatest threat to American freedom during the Cold War?

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