*D. Sikhs E. Kurds
33. A city that lost a good part of its hinterland to Pakistan in the partitioning of British India is:
*A. Calcutta B. Bombay (Mumbai) C. Lahore
D. Madras (Chennai) E. Karachi
34. Which of the following acted as a centripetal force in West Pakistan upon independence:
*A. geography B. history C. Islam
D. Nehru E. rice cultivation
Pakistan: The New Challenge 35. Which of the following countries does not share a common border with Pakistan?
A. Iran B. China *C. Bangladesh
D. Afghanistan E. India
36. Which of the following associations is incorrect?
A. Sri Lanka and Colombo B. Bangladesh and Dhaka C. Nepal and Kathmandu
*D. Pakistan and Delhi E. Bhutan and Thimphu
37. Which of the following is not located in Pakistan?
*A. Deccan Plateau B. Sind C. Punjab
D. Islamabad E. Baluchistan
38. Pakistan is:
A. an Islamic Republic
B. a dry-world country
C. different in many ways from its former federal partner East Pakistan
D. poor in known mineral resources
*E. characterized by all of the above
39. In Jammu and Kashmir:
A. the people are Hindu and the rulers are Muslims
*B. the people are Muslims and the rulers are Hindu
C. India supports elections
D. the people are Buddhist and the rulers are Hindu
E. both sides have avoided violence through compromise
40. One concern in Pakistan about India and Kashmir is that:
A. Pakistan uses the area as a base for terrorist activity in India, with guerrillas using the
mountains to hide
B. the Indus River flows through Kashmir
C. Muslims are being ruled by Hindu rulers
D. Indians are persecuting the Hindu majority in Jammu
*E. B and C above
41. Which of the following is false?
A. During the Cold War, India tilted toward the Soviet Union, Pakistan toward the United States.
B. Bangladesh is even less developed than is Pakistan.
C. India is a democracy, while Pakistan has often been ruled by a military dictatorship.
D. India's treatment of its Muslim minority has upset Pakistan.
*E. India and Pakistan have agreed to partition Kashmir.
42. An area whose control is still disputed by India and Pakistan is:
A. Punjab *B. Jammu and Kashmir C. Bangladesh
D. Bengal E. Goa
43. Which of the following is the core area of Pakistan?
*A. Punjab B. Sind C. Assam
D. Islamabad E. Baluchistan
44. Which of the following received large groups of refugees from India?
*A. Sind B. Punjab C. Northwest Frontier
D. Islamabad E. Baluchistan
45. The forward capital of Pakistan, completed in the 1970s, is:
*A. Islamabad B. Baluchistan C. Rawalpindi
D. Karachi E. Dhaka
46. Which of the following cities is located in Pakistan’s Sind region?
*A. Karachi B. Kabul C. Islamabad
D. Lahore E. Rawalpindi
47. About _____ percent of Pakistan is Shiite.
A. 5 *B. 20 C. 90
D. 95 E. 1
48. A city that lost its hinterland to India in 1947 is:
A. Bombay (Mumbai) B. Karachi C. Islamabad
*D. Lahore E. Dhaka
49. India adds nearly _____ million persons per year to its population.
*A. 20 B. 100 C. 2
D. 5 E. 150
50. The Pathans irredentist movement in the Northwest Frontier of Pakistan is based on cultural affiliations with theneighboring country of:
A. Iran *B. Afghanistan C. Jammu and Kashmir
D. Bangladesh E. India
51. After the South Asian realm achieved its modern independence, a number of changes occurred, some quite recent. Among the developments listed below, which one has not occurred?
A. East Pakistan freed itself from its political bonds with West Pakistan and became
independent as Bangladesh.
*B. Pathanistan achieved independence from Pakistan after a long, irredentist-supported struggle.
C. Ceylon was renamed Sri Lanka.
D. India has shifted state boundaries to accommodate regional and local demands.
E. Pakistan moved its capital from Karachi to Islamabad.
52. Which of the following statements is false?
A. Though the official language of Bangladesh is Bengali, the official language of Pakistan is Urdu.
B. While the major natural hazard faced by Bangladesh is flooding, the major natural hazard
faced by Pakistan is drought.
C. While rice is the major staple grain in Bangladesh, wheat is the major staple grain in Pakistan.
*D. Bangladesh and Pakistan have no known mineral resources.
E. Bangladesh and Pakistan were once united into a single country.
53. Bangladesh came into existence:
A. following a war of independence against India
B. when British India was partitioned in 1947
C. as a refuge for Hindus
*D. following a war of independence against Pakistan
E. out of the former Indian state of West Bengal
54. Which of the following is not a major contributor to the Pakistani economy?
A. cotton textiles B. rice C. carpets
*D. oil production E. all of the above are major contributors
55. Two countries that test atomic weapons in the late 1990s were:
A. Afghanistan and Pakistan
B. Taliban and Hindu
C. Nepal and Kashmir
*D. Pakistan and India
E. Kashmir and India
India: Fifty Years of Federation 56. India is comprised of:
A. 6 large states
B. 6 large states and 2 Union Territories
C. 5 Hill states, Assam, and Punjab
D. India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
*E. 25 States, 6 Union Territories, and 1 National Capital Territory
57. Which of the following areas of India is located in the Brahmaputra Valley?
A. Deccan *B. Assam C. Punjab
D. Kashmir E. Tibet
58. Which state contains the city of Calcutta?
A. Tamil Nadu *B. West Bengal C. Punjab
D. Kashmir E. Tibet
59. Which state is located in southern India?
A. Assam *B. Tamil Nadu C. Punjab
D. Kashmir E. Tibet
60. The official language of India, one of 14 given national status, is:
*A. Hindi B. English C. Charisma
D. Sikh E. Nehru
61. Centrifugal forces:
A. tend to pull a state together, unifying it and increasing its cohesion
B. determine the effectiveness with which the boundary system functions to control the population
C. affect the binding function of the capital city
*D. have the effect of dividing a state, promoting disunity and internal fragmentation
E. pull a state from representative to authoritarian forms of government
62. In India, a leading centrifugal force is:
A. Hinduism *B. multiple languages C. the personality of Nehru
D. the Sikh population E. none of the above
63. Which of the following statements about the caste system is false?
A. It may have a racial basis.
B. The Brahmans are members of the upper caste.
C. Both Gandhi and Nehru tried to modify the system.
D. The lowest caste is the untouchables.
*E. The caste system is stronger in urban areas than in rural areas.
64. The dominant centripetal force in India has been the:
*A. cultural and religious strength of Hinduism
B. universality of the English Language
C. united opposition to Islam
D. national effort against the colonial power
E. war on hunger and malnutrition
65. The Sikhs desire a separate state to be called:
A. Sikhistan *B. Khalistan C. Jharkand
D. Kashmir E. Seekland
66. The priestly caste in India is known as the:
A. Hindus *B. Brahmans C. Harijans
D. Sikhs E. none of the above
67. The untouchable caste in India is known as the:
E. Industrial development is constituted mostly by factories which process agricultural products.
99. Which of the following countries is characterized by a plantation economy?
A. Pakistan B. India C. C. Bangladesh
D. Nepal *E. Sri Lanka
100. The Tamil and Sinhalese groups are currently in dispute over:
A. Kashmir B. Jammu *C. Sri Lanka
D. Dravidia E. Delhi
101. The initial stage in the evolution of an insurgent state is the stage of:
A. equilibrium *B. contention C. counteroffensive
D. subsequence E. disintegration
102. The small group of islands 400 miles south of India are the:
A. Sri Lanka B. Punjabs *C. Maldives
D. Dravidians E. Colombos
South Asia True-False Introduction 1. The population of Bangladesh is nearly 50 percent larger than that of Pakistan. (F)
2. India today is the world’s second most populous state. (T)
3. Pakistan clearly should be included in South Asia. No reasonable argument could be made to include it in the North African/Southwest Asian realm. (F)
A Realm of Poverty 4. South Asia contains 20 percent of the world’s population, but two-thirds of its poorest inhabitants. (T)
5. The physiologic population density of a country is always lower than the arithmetic density. (F)
6. The doubling time of a population refers to the number of years it will take for a population to receive new immigrants equal in number to its current population. (F)
Physiographic Regions of South Asia 7. The three major rivers of South Asia are the Ganges, the Indus, and the Nepalese. (F)
8. The word “India” was derived from “indus,” which means “river” and was first applied to the area that now forms the heart of Pakistan. (T)
9. The Ghats are the southernmost range of the Himalayas. (F)
10. The Malabar-Konkan Coast of India contains the Eastern Ghats and the city of Madras (Chennai). (F)
11. The ancient Indus civilization was a contemporary of, and interacted with, ancient Mesopotamia. (T)
12. Southern India contains the Deccan plateau. (T)
13. The Ganges and Brahmaputra River valleys converge. (T)
14. India's climate is significantly influenced by wet monsoons. (T)
The Human Sequence 15. The Dravidian languages are the easternmost and southernmost representatives of the Indo-European language family. (F)
16. The Indo-Europeans were known as Aryans. (T)
17. Dravidians are in the majority on the island formerly called Ceylon. (F)
18. The caste system has completely disappeared from Indian society. (T)
19. The Aryans brought the Sanskrit language with them which eventually developed into many of the languages in South Asia. (T)
A_oka’s Mauryan Empire 20. The Mauryan Empire incorporated the majority of the Indian subcontinent, emerging upon the decline of Greece. (T)
21. Prince A_oka was the founder of the Buddhist religion in the third century B.C. (F)
22. The Mauryan Era was the first Indian empire to include most of the subcontinent in one unit. (T)
23. Lahore, capital of Pakistan, was an Islamic center even during the Mauryan period. (F)
The Power of Islam 24. Islam from the beginning was a faith alien to India, and the country successfully resisted its penetration throughout history. (F)
25. Historically, the Islamic faith was never able to penetrate the Indian subcontinent. (F)
26. Prince Siddhartha is better known as Muhammad in modern India. (F)
27. Less than 15 percent of the population in southern India became Muslim. (T)
The European Intrusion 28. The British East India Company administered India from 1728 until the country became independent in 1947. (F)
29. The British East India Company was controlled by a consortium of British, French, Dutch, and Portuguese merchants. (F)
30. The Sepoy Rebellion meant replacing the British East India Company with the British government. (T)
31. More than 600 “Native States” with British advisors existed during colonial times. (T)
32. India was an important Asian industrial center before the arrival of the British. (T)
33. The British managed to unify the entirety of South Asia. (T)
34. One of the positives of British colonialism was the development of such cities as Bombay (Mumbai), Calcutta, and Madras (Chennai). (T)
35. Throughout their history, the Sikhs have been fiercely pro-Muslim, and since partition have desired to have their territory united with Pakistan. (F)
36. The Punjab area extends into Pakistan and India. (T)
37. During the partitioning of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, approximately 15 million people took part in migrations to and from India and Pakistan. (T)
38. India’s Muslim population now constitutes less than two percent of the country’s population. (F)
Pakistan: The New Challenge 39. The majority of Kashmir’s population is Hindu. (F)
40. The partition into Pakistan and India occurred soon after World War I. (F)
41. In Jammu and Kashmir, the traditional rulers have been Hindu, but the population is about 75 percent Muslim. (T)
42. Karachi always has been the cultural and emotional focus of the Pakistani nation. (F)
43. Lahore is the cultural heart of Pakistan. (T)
44. Karachi grew at a very fast rate as a result of an influx of refugees after partition. (T)
45. Afghan irredentism has affected Pakistan’s mountainous northwest, where Pathan residents within Pakistan are being encouraged to demand the creation of a separate state. (T)
46. The Pathan irredentist movement in northern Pakistan is based on cultural linkages to neighboring India. (F)
47. Pakistan’s textile industry has grown rapidly and now is a major export sector. (T)
48. Pakistan has seen much success in its agricultural development and now exports rice. (T)
49. Pakistan generally looked toward the Soviet Union in the cold war. (F)
50. The loss of Bangladesh from Pakistan after 1971 was no disaster to West Pakistan. (T)
India: Fifty Years of Federation 51. In India, states in the east are generally smaller than those in the west. (T)
52. New Delhi, the capital of India is located within one of the five Uts. (F)
53. One of the reasons for India’s continued unity in the face of great cultural diversity is the government's flexibility on such issues as language. (T)
54. English is the lingua franca of the business world of India. (T)
55. The Sikhs seek a separate state to be called Khalistan. (T)
56. Sikhism developed and is still based in the Punjab region. (T)
57. The caste system may well have a racial foundation since “caste” means color in Sanskrit. (T)
58. The so-called “untouchables” of the Indian caste system are untouchable because it is believed that they are directly descended from a Hindu god. (F)
59. After British rule ended, Indian leaders sought to reestablish the traditional caste system which the British had tried to modify. (F)
60. The lowest-ranking social group in the Hindu caste system are the Brahmans. (F)
61. Gandhi’s daughter, Indira, served as India's president in the years between her father’s regime and the revolution led by Nehru that overthrew her government in 1966. (F)
62. Compelling personalities of Gandhi and Nehru did much to unite India. (T)
63. India’s population of about 1 billion is growing at about 1.9 percent per year. (T)
64. South Asia’s doubling time is now approximately 36 years. (T)
65. Demographic transition theory describes changes in birth rates, death rates, and population growth over time. (T)
66. In the first stage of the demographic transition both birth rates and death rates are high. (T)
67. In the second stage of the demographic transition, the population explosion begins. (T)
68. Over 80 percent of Indians live in great, crowded cities like Calcutta, Madras (Chennai), and Bombay (Mumbai). (F)
69. About 260 million Indians live in urban areas, although India is only about 26 percent urban. (T)
70. Animal-drawn carts still outnumber motor vehicles in India. (T)
71. Due to the “Green Revolution” and the introduction of “miracle rice,” India has one of the highest average yields per acre of rice in the world. (F)
72. The great majority of India’s workers are employed in agriculture. (T)
73. The leading crop grown in the Punjab is wheat. (T)
74. Rice is the dominant crop in monsoon regions of southern India. (T)
75. Physiologic density, the amount of cultivated land per person, is decreasing as India’s population continues to grow rapidly. (T)
76. India’s most densely populated areas also are the areas where rice is the staple food. (T)
77. In 1947, only 2 percent of India’s workers were engaged in manufacturing and mining. (T)
78. Unlike Pakistan and Bangladesh, very little cotton textile production takes place in India. (F)
79. Calcutta anchors the Bihar-Bengal district where jute manufacturing is important. (T)
80. Cotton textile production in the Ghats is helped by the availability of hydroelectric power. (T)
81. Much of India's coal supply is found in the Chota Nagpur region and India is among the world’s 10 leading coal producers. (T)
82. The west in India is now developing faster than the east. (T)
83. The Calcutta area is now India’s “rustbelt” as its industrial equipment is outdated, uncompetitive, and in decline. (T)
Bangladesh: Persistent Poverty 84. The territory of Bangladesh is essentially the deltaic plain of the Ganges-Brahmaputra river system. (T)
85. Bangladesh and Pakistan together contain less than a third of India’s population in the 1990s. (T)
86. Much of Bangladesh’s land lies close to sea level, leaving the country prone to frequent flooding. (T)
87. Bangladesh faces a nearly constant threat of famine because its soils are generally infertile. (F)
88. Jute and tea are major cash crops in Bangladesh. (T)
89. Bangladesh, with a larger population than Pakistan, is about 85 percent Muslim. (T)
90. Dhaka and Chittagong are the only large urban centers in the rural country of Bangladesh. (T)
91. Bangladesh has suffered from repeated political uprisings and changes in its government. (F)
92. Like India, Bangladesh is blessed with a very good internal transportation system, one of the positive vestiges of British colonialism. (F)
The Mountainous North 93. Nepal and Bhutan are landlocked. (T)
94. Nepal today, because of deforestation and soil erosion, faces a serious ecological crisis. (T)
95. About 90 percent of the population of Nepal are Hindus, although Buddhist ideals are blended into their religious beliefs. (T)
96. Bhutan now has a representative government, whereas Nepal still has an absolute monarchy. (F)
97. Nepalese form a significant minority in Bhutan. (T)
98. Bhutan is largely mountainous. (T)
Sri Lanka: South Asian Tragedy 99. Ceylon was formerly known as Sikkim. (F)
100. The majority of Sri Lanka’s people are Aryans, who trace their history to ancient northern India. (T)
101. Like India, Sri Lanka is a predominantly Hindu country. (F)
102. Sri Lanka’s chief exports (tea, rubber, and rubber products) are produced on plantations rather than small farms. (T)
103. Very little industrial development has occurred in Sri Lanka and that which has is mostly clustered around the capital and major port of Colombo. (T)
104. Tea and jute are the most important Sri Lankan crops. (F)
105. Since 1974, Sinhalese extremists have been demanding nothing less than an independent country of Eelam in the area around Colombo. (F)
106. The first stage in the insurgent state model is called contention. (T)
107. The Tamil people in Sri Lanka have established an insurgent state in the north. (T)
108. The three stages of the insurgent state model are contention, equilibrium, and counteroffensive. (T)
109. The Maldives are a group of about 100 small islands about 1,500 miles from India. (T)
110. The name of the proposed Sikh homeland (A)
111 The minority Hindu population of Sri Lanka (B)
112. Forces that tend to hold a state together (D)
113. The mountainous escarpment along the margin of the Deccan Plateau (E)
114. Forces that tend to pull a state apart (C)
115. Aryan Buddhist (B)
116. Bihar-Bengal industrial region (E)
117. Sikh religious capital (D)
118. Forward capital today (C)
119. India's lingua franca (A)
120. Dravidian language (C)
121. Takeover of India by British government (A)
122. Holy city of Hindustan (D)
123. Disastrous 1971 typhoon (E )
124. Western Ghats (B)
A. Sepoy Rebellion
B. Malabar-Konkan Coast
Fill Ins 125. The lava-covered plateau extending across most of the southern portion of India is the ________. (Deccan)
126. The lowland of far southeastern India that borders the Indian Ocean and contains the city of Madras (Chennai) is called the __________ Coast. (Coromandel)
127. The partitioning of the Indian subcontinent into the modern states of India and Pakistan occurred in the year ___________. (1947)
128. The cultural focus of Islam in Pakistan today is the city of __________. (Lahore)
129. The social stratification that dominates Hindu India is known as the ________ system. (caste)
130. __________ forces bind a state together, unifying and strengthening its foundations. (Centripetal)
131. The amount of cultivated land per person is known as the __________ density. (physiological)
132. The __________ Revolution of the 1960s introduced “miracle” varieties of wheat and rice that significantly increased the productivity of these crops. (Green)
133. The former state of East Pakistan, which separated from West Pakistan after a brief war in 1971, is now called ____________. (Bangladesh)
134. The mountain range containing Mt. Everest, the world’s highest peak, is called the _________. (Himalayas)