Enlightenment: The Age of Reason. Believed that through (human) reason we can answer definitively all important questions and improve the human lot.
Knowledge is certain, objective, good and accessible to the human mind.
Elevates the idea of freedom and the importance of the individual (John Locke)
(aside: Think about this will affect Christianity)
Began to be skeptical that religion was helpful toward this end. Deism prominent.
Common Sense Philosophy. John Locke Empiricism.
If I had time, I would discuss Immanuel Kant.
Modernism: The age of science. The age of Reason.
“Highest” form of modernism is Scientific Materialism or Scientism which rejects as unreal anything which cannot be measured.