Freidrich Nietzche (1844-1900): The first philosopher who strongly rejected modernism. Thus Spake Zarathustra. God is dead. What he means is that truth and tradition are dead. Attached the enlightenment belief in truth. The world is fragmented. To proclaim a single truth is to destroy the richness and vitality of human experience.
Nietzche saw “truth” as intimately tied to our use of language. “Truth” exists in a language context. This is a very important aspect of how postmoderns think, but I will not go too deeply here, as it is not particularly relevant to postmodernism and culture.
Nietzche: What, then, is truth? A mobile army of metaphors, metonyms and anthropomorphisms—in short a sum of human relations which have been enhanced, transposed and embellished poetically and rhetorically and which after long use seem firm, canonical and obligatory to a people: truths are illusions of which one has forgotten that this is what they are: worn out metaphors without any sensuous power; coins which have lost their pictures and now matter only as metal, no longer as coins.
Enlightenment: We discover truth.