Directions: Part 1 of the study guide is given to you in hopes that you will use this in preparation for the upcoming chapter exam. It is not required and will not be graded

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Unit 9: The Cold War, 1945-1991

Chapter 17, 19.3-5 Study Guide

Part I Identifying Key Terms

Directions: Part 1 of the study guide is given to you in hopes that you will use this in preparation for the upcoming chapter exam. It is not required and will not be graded. It is expected that you will be able to give a statement of definition for each term and also provide a statement about the significance of each.
Notable People

Mao Zedong

Jiang Jieshi

Douglas MacArthur

Ngo Dinh Diem

Ho Chi Minh

Fidel Castro

Anastasio Somoza

Dnaiel Ortega

Ayatollah Khomeini

Nikita Khrushchev

Leonid Brezhnev

John F. Kennedy

Lyndon B. Johnson

Richard M. Nixon

Ronald Reagan

Mikhail Gorbachev

Boris Yeltsin

Lech Walesa

Zhou Enlai

Deng Xiaoping

Terms and Events

United Nations

Iron Curtain


Truman Doctrine

Marshall Plan

Cold War


Warsaw pact



Red Guards

Cultural Revolution

38th Parallel

Domino Theory



Khmer Rouge

Third World

Nonaligned nations







“Shock therapy”



Ethnic Cleansing

Four Modernizations

Tiananmen Square

Hong Kong

Part II Review Questions

Directions: Check your understanding of this chapter by answering the following questions in a minimum of four-five well written and effective sentences each.

  1. What were the long-term and short-term causes of the Cold War?

  2. What Cold War policy did President Truman develop, and how was it used throughout the Cold War? Identify 3 successful and 3 unsuccessful uses of the policy.

  3. Why did Mao Zedong and the Communists win the war? What happened to Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists?

  4. What was the “Great Leap Forward”? Did it work? Why or why not?

  5. Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution? What group served as the revolutionaries of Mao’s Cultural Revolution? Who were considered the “real heroes” of society?

  6. What is domino theory, and how does it relate to US foreign policy during the Cold War?

  7. Why were we defeated in Vietnam but not in Korea?

  8. What are Third World countries? How did the superpowers compete for their attention (hint: 6 major strategies of the Cold War)?

  9. What are the long-term and short-term causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis? What effect did it have on Cold War relations?

  10. Why did the Soviets invade Afghanistan? How was their experience similar to the American experience in Vietnam?

  11. What policy did Nikita Khrushchev introduce when he took power in the USSR?

  12. How did Leonid Brezhnev deal with the reform movement in Czechoslovakia? What policy did this establish in the USSR?

  13. Why did the United States adopt the practice of Détente? What are some examples of the use of Détente? How did Reagan abolish the practice of Détente during his presidency?

  14. What reforms did Mikhail Gorbachev bring to the USSR in 1985? What effect did this have on Eastern European Bloc nations?

  15. How did nationalism bring about the end of the USSR, and what loose federation immediately replaced the USSR?

  16. What was most responsible for bringing about the reunification of Germany?

  17. How did the collapse of communism affect Yugoslavia? Why?

  18. What was the name of Deng’s economic reform program? What was its effect on China?

  19. Why were students protesting at Tiananmen Square in 1989? How were these protests related to the economic reforms of the 80s? How did the Chinese government respond to the protests?

  20. Why was the Berlin Wall built? What did it come to symbolize?

Part III Chronological Awareness

Directions: Place the following events in the correct chronological order. Provide the year of each event. Since the events are given to you in a sequence that is out of chronological order, please reorder the events correctly. In the event that one or more of the events listed below do not have a single year in which it took place, provide the appropriate date ranges. Rewrite this list in the correct chronological order, providing the year of the event, occurrence, or trend.

1. Fall of the Berlin Wall

2. Fidel Castro seizes power in Cuba

3. United Nations is formed

4. Neil Armstrong lands on the moon

5. Soviets launch Sputnik

6. Berlin Airlift begins

7. Cuban Missile Crisis

8. Last American troops leave Vietnam

9. Iranian Hostage Crisis

10. Gorbachev begins glasnost and perestroika

Part IV Multiple Choice Practice

Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by four suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case, and then write the letter and the answer of your choice on your study guide.

  1. The American invasion of Cambodia is most responsible for

    1. The defeat of communism during the Vietnam War

    2. The increasingly critical position of the media toward the war effort

    3. The violent and communist takeover of Cambodia by the Khmer Rouge

    4. The withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam

  1. During the Bosnian War, the brutal policy of ethnic cleansing was most widely used against

    1. Slovenes.

    2. Bosnian Serbs.

    3. Bosnian Muslims.

    4. Croatia's Serbian minority.

  1. Which of the following is a historical example of the policy of détente?

    1. Cuban Missile Crisis

    2. Berlin Airlift

    3. SALT I Treaty

    4. “Star Wars”

  1. Which of the following worked together to produce similar goals?

    1. Truman Doctrine and containment

    2. NATO and the Warsaw Pact

    3. Marshall Plan and the iron curtain

    4. détente and brinkmanship

  1. Who were most of the Vietcong?

    1. pro-Communist South Vietnamese

    2. pro-Communist North Vietnamese

    3. anti-Communist South Vietnamese

    4. anti-Communist North Vietnamese

  1. What event increased U.S. spending on education and technology in the late 50s?

    1. Cuban missile crisis

    2. establishment of the Warsaw Pact

    3. Chinese-Soviet treaty of friendship

    4. Soviet launching of a space satellite

  1. During what Cold War conflict did the media begin to take a critical view of American foreign policy?

    1. Berlin Airlift

    2. Korean War

    3. Vietnam War

    4. Cuban Missile Crisis

  1. During Mao’s Cultural Revolution, who were the "new heroes" of China?

    1. artists

    2. peasants

    3. intellectuals

    4. commune leaders

  1. In the 1940s and 1950s, what did the region described as being "behind the iron curtain" include?

    1. Soviet Union only

    2. Soviet Union and its satellite nations

    3. democratic nations of Western Europe

    4. German Democratic Republic, or East Germany

  1. The goal of the Soviet policy known as destalinization was to

    1. purge the country of Stalin's memory.

    2. try to change the world's impression of Stalin.

    3. deny that Stalin had done what he was believed to have done.

    4. release satellite nations from political controls imposed by Stalin.

Note: Incomplete study guides will receive a 10 point penalty. Organize your time and work on your study guide a little bit at a time. Substantially incomplete study guides will be graded but considered late, which means a 50% deduction.

Study Guide Grading Rubric. 50 points.

Review Questions (20 points) - 4 questions will be selected at random from those above. Each will be worth 5 points.

Multiple Choice (10 points) - This section is worth 10 points. 1 point will be deducted for each

incorrect response.

Chronology (10 points) - This section is worth 10 point. Points will be deducted for each incorrect


Overall Completion (10 points) - 10 points will be awarded for completion of all questions and parts.

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