Empire and Expansion / us imperialism (1890-1909) Chapter 27

Download 21.02 Kb.
Size21.02 Kb.
Empire and Expansion / US Imperialism

Chapter 27
1. State and explain several reasons for American expansionism in the 1890’s –

(name drop books as well as beliefs)

- Economics – markets for industrial and manufactured goods

- “yellow press” – built up adventurousness if this endeavor

- Missionary zeal – Josiah Strong – Our Country: Its Possible Future and its Present


- Alfred Mahan’s Influence of Sea Power on History

- Darwinism – Lodge and Roosevelt – the world belonged to the strong and fittest
2. Define Blaine’s “Big Sister” policy
- Rally L.A. behind US leadership; open L.A. markets to U.S. products

- First Pan-American Conference (moderate openings creating customs unions –

we lower a bit and they lower a bit)
3. Explain the incidences in Chile (1892) and Venezuela (1895) and define their


- Chile – 2 Americans killed (in a barroom brawl) – Am. forced the Chileans

to pay an indemnity – did not sit well with L.A. countries

- Venezuela – dispute between Bri. Guiana and Ven. over border and gold was

found in the disputed area. / Olney sent a note to Bri. saying US would defend

Ven. for it would be a violation of the Monroe Doctrine. / London is amenable

to arbitration for they want US good will because of German saber rattling and

the Boer War./ Sig. – improved Anglo-Am. relations
4. Hawaii – Why did Americans want it and what was Cleveland’s response?
- Am. sugar producers there wanted not to have tariffs on their products.

coaling station to Asia

- Cleveland – Did not annex for the Hawaiians didn’t want it. (Queen Liliukalani)

5. Define how all of the following helped lead to the Spanish-American War

insurrectos – Cubans who wished to be free from Sp. rule

General “Butcher” Weyler – Spanish Gen. that was sent to Cuba to put down

the insurrections

William Randolph Hearst – stirred flames of ire in the US through print –

“You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war”

yellow journalism – exaggerated stories of atrocities in Cuba to sell newspapers

de Lome letter – Sp. minister in Washington, called McKinley an “ear to the ground politician” – described him in unflattering terms

USS Maine Incident – explosion aboard a US warship – 200 + Americans killed
6. Define the capturing of Manila,the Battle of San Juan Hill, and the Rough Riders
- Manila – Roosevelt sent Dewey to take it when war broke out.

- San Juan Hill – Roosevelt and the Rough Riders played a large part

- Rough Riders – TR’s regiment that he helped to recruit in San Antonio

7. Treaty of Paris (1898) – Define its provisions

- US gets Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines and Cuba

- $20 million

8. Philippines: Why did McKinley believe that the US must keep the Philippines?

Chronicle the results of this decision to stay in the Philippines and

not leave until 1946 (Use p. 641+642 for this portion).
- Christianize and uplift them – bring them the fruits of civilization

- Began the Filipino War (1899-1902)– Aguinaldo fought against the US /

4,300 Americans killed, 600,000 Filipinos killed / atrocities unparalleled.

- built schools, railroads, hospitals – modernized under Taft and the

Filipino commission
9. Anti-Imperialist League – What prominent Americans were part of it and what

were their arguments?

- Carnegie, Twain, Czar Reed, William James, Gompers

- Violations of the consent of the governed / Filipinos want independence /

- “despotism abroud will lead to despotism at home”

- Imperialism is costly and won’t turn a profit

- Annexation will pull the US into the quagmire of Pacific politics

- Labor is hurt by US allowing cheap labor from these areas.

10. Cuba – Define the following people and events –
Dr. Walter Reed and Col. Wiliam Gorgas– found cure for yellow fever

Teller Amendment – US promises to give Cuba its freedom

Platt Amendment – amendment to Cuban constitution

- Cuba can’t conclude treaties that might hurt their independent status

- US can intervene into Cuba anytime it saw fit (ie. internal problems)

- Lease/sell US coaling/ naval station on its island (Guatanamo Bay)

11. Insular Cases – According to the Supreme Court were the inhabitants of

conquered territories (Philippines) subjects or US citizens?

- The Constitution follows the flag. They were not fully citizens and thus did not

enjoy the same protections as American citizens. The Flag outran the

Constitution. (in Ref. to the treatment of rebellious Filipinos)
12. What were the significances of the “Splendid Little War”?
- Blue and Gray back together

- America now takes its seat next to the other World Powers (diplomatic ligations

beefed up in D.C)

- US has overseas possessions that will draw them into international politics

Open Door Policy- China

13. Open Door Policy (1899) – What were the background events leading to this

foreign policy (spheres of influence)? Define this policy of Sect of State John Hay

- Following Japanese victory over China in 1895, Ger. and Russia carved out

“spheres of influence” – leaseholds from the Manchu Dynasty

- US missionaries and businessmen afraid they would be locked out.

- Policy – Within their respective European enclaves they must respect fair

competition (ie. allow US in without tariffing them) and Chinese rights

14. Boxer Rebellion – (1900) - Define its reasons and its outcome

Nationalist Chinese wanted Foreigners out. rose in revolt / multi-national force

sent to put them down. Powers assessed China $333 million (excessive ) /

US later redeems $18 million to be used for education of Chinese in US
15. Election of 1900 – Who ran for the respective parties and what were their

positions on the issues of the day?

- Rep. – McKinley’s “Front Porch Campaign” – TR as VP stumped

- pro-expansionism and keeping prosperity going

- Dem. – Bryan – Anti- imperialism

16. Teddy Roosevelt – What were a few of his personal beliefs and how did he

view the power of the presidency (stewardship theory)?

- “red-blooded, blue blood” – believed in pulling yourself up by the bootstraps

ardent champion of military and naval preparedness

- stewardship theory – President has any power not prohibited by the laws of the


17. Panama Canal – 1904-1914 – How did the US come to acquire the land for the

canal? What were the significances both economically and diplomatically of the

building of the canal?
- Helped to foment rebellion in the Panamanian isthmus after Columbia would

not sell the land. / Bought the land from the new “Panamanian minister” – Bunau-

Varilla for $40 million

- Economically – will shorten the trip by 2,800 miles

- US will sour relations with L.A. – “Yankee Lake”
18. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (“preventative intervention”)

Define this policy in Latin America and explain its impact on relations with

Latin American countries.
- The US will intervene into Latin America so that European Countries don’t

- US will make sure Ven. and Dom. Rep. who were in perpetual debt arrears

pay back their money to European countries (US sends troops into both countries

to straighten their accounts out)

- US is the policeman of the Yankee Lake

- US dominating their southern brethren moving from Big Sister to Big Brother
19. Portsmouth Conference – (1905) What occurred here and how did it impact

relations with Russia and Japan?

- Negotiated settlement between Japan and Russia over Manchuria/ Japan will

get ½ of Sakhalin Islands

- Neither side happy – Hurt relations with Russia for they believed they were robbed of a military victory / Japan – thought they had been cheated in Manchuria
20. Why did TR receive the Nobel Peace prize?
- He negotiated the Algeciras Crisis in 1906 (over German’s overtures towards

Morocco in N.Africa)

21. Relations with Japan –Define the following events and their impact on

diplomatic relations?
- San Francisco School Incident (1906) – Following earthquakes, Asians were

segregated from regular school children. TR intervenes and calls the School

Board to Washington to convince them to integrate for the Japanese weren’t

happy with the discrimination against their countrymen in the US

- Gentleman’s Agreement – T.R. and Japan in secret agree. Japan will


restrict immigration of Japanese to the US by withholding visas

- Sailing of the “Great White Fleet” (1908) – TR sends the American Navy

around the world with their first stop in the Japan. Japan welcomes them and

agrees to the Root-Takahira agreement.

- Root Takahira Agreement (1908) – Japan and US agree to respect eachothers

possessions in the Pacific and keep the Chinese Sovereignty

** What does the “Sailing of the Great White Fleet” symbolize to you?

Download 21.02 Kb.

Share with your friends:

The database is protected by copyright ©www.essaydocs.org 2022
send message

    Main page