Epic Poem Lecture Notes Name An Epic



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Epic Poem Lecture Notes Name ___________
1. An Epic is ___________________________________ about a national or legendary hero. Ancient Greece produced ______________________________ which are attributed to a poet named _______________ who lived around the ______________ century B.C.E. and is said to have been ______________.
2. The Iliad

  1. Written between ___________________________________.

  2. Covers the events of the ___________________________________.


3. The Trojan War happened around 1200 BC and lasted ___________________________________.

  1. True cause—___________________________________. Troy’s location allowed it to control _________________ routes.

  2. Legendary cause—___________________________________. Helen of Troy, who was married to King Menelaus (Greek) was kidnapped by Paris (a Trojan prince). ______________________ and other Greek soldiers were sent to Troy to bring Helen back home.

  3. Gods and goddesses ___________________________________ and battled alongside the human warriors. Human respect for the gods was ___________________________________.

  4. ___________________________________ is responsible for the _________________ of Troy. He comes up with the idea behind the __________________________________, a “gift” which allows the Greeks to defeat the Trojans.

  5. The gods and goddesses wanted the ___________________________________ to win the war, so Odysseus angers them. They promise Odysseus a long and difficult journey home.


4. The Odyssey

  1. Written almost _________________years ago, __________________ The Iliad.

  2. Covers Odysseus’ ___________________________________ after the Trojan War.

  3. Definition of “Odyssey”: a long series of wanderings or ___________________________, especially when filled with notable _________________________, hardships, etc.


5. Setting of The Odyssey

a. The events in the Odyssey are set in ________________ during the _________ century B.C.E., the _____________ Age, because this was thought of as a more __________________ time when gods were involved in __________________ affairs and superhuman ____________________ lived.


6. Structure of The Odyssey

  1. The story begins in media res, which means __________________________________________.

  2. It has a __________________________ omniscient narrator.

Layout:

  1. ___________________________________—the story of what happens to Telemachus and Penelope (Odysseus’s _______________ and ____________) in Ithaca as they await Odysseus’ return.

  2. ___________________________________—the adventures and wanderings of Odysseus during the ___________ years following ___________________________.

  3. ___________________________________—Odysseus returns to Ithaca and reunites with his wife and son. He and Telemachus join forces to destroy _______________________.


7. Interpretation of The Odyssey

  1. The story can be read as a forerunner of _____________________________ because of its emphasis on __________________________ and ___________________________.

  2. The story can also be read as ___________________________________ to overcome ___________________ and obstacles in their journey through life.

  3. The story was taught to _______________ in order to pass on _________________________ _________________________and beliefs of Greek society.


7. Guidelines for reading an Epic

  1. Become familiar with names of characters and places, but be aware that they may have _______________________________________________depending on the translator.

  2. Look for typical heroic characteristics. A hero is _________________________________ and his adventures are ______________________________!

  3. Understand that gods, goddesses, and other supernatural forces ______________ with the ___________________________________ of humans. They intervene in the lives of mortals by ________________________ and ____________________________human behavior.

  4. Look for the underlying cultural _____________________ and __________________________ of the culture that produced the epic, such as:

    • _____________ for deities (___________________)

    • The Code of ____________________ : _____________________________________

  5. Notice the EPIC CONVENTIONS:

  • Invocation: ____________________________________________________________

  • Lengthy ____________________________

  • Repetition (why?)_______________________________________________________

  • Epithets (example)______________________________________________________

  • Epic Similes __________________________________________________________

"All journeys have secret destinations of which the traveler is unaware." --Martin Buber



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