Exploration and Absolutism Test 100 Points Total Write on your own paper! Multiple Choice (1 point each) 80 Total



Download 255.07 Kb.
Date13.05.2016
Size255.07 Kb.
#41001
Exploration and Absolutism Test - 100 Points Total -- Write on your own paper!

Multiple Choice (1 point each) - 80 Total

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Write Go Manual at the top of your paper for three extra credit points.

____ 1. Which of the following best explained why European rulers encouraged ocean exploration?



a.

They wanted to find new trade routes.

b.

They wanted to conquer new lands.

c.

They wanted to spread Islam.

d.

They wanted to test new navigational tools.



Figure 15-1

____ 2. According to Figure 15-1, which European power took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration?



a.

France

c.

England

b.

Portugal

d.

the Dutch

____ 3. According to Figure 15-1, which of the following explorers sailed around Africa to India?



a.

Dias

c.

Columbus

b.

Da Gama

d.

Cabot

____ 4. Which of the following generalizations is supported by Figure 15-1?



a.

The English were the first to reach North America.

b.

Early explorers were searching for gold and other treasures in Africa.

c.

The Dutch were the last power to take to the oceans for riches.

d.

Portugal and Spain took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration.

____ 5. According to Figure 15-1, what explorer first crossed the Atlantic?



a.

Da Gama

c.

Cabot

b.

Columbus

d.

Cabral

____ 6. How did Prince Henry change the course of Portugal’s history?



a.

Portugal became a Muslim country.

b.

Portugal led the way in exploration.

c.

Portugal became the first country to circumnavigate the world.

d.

Portugal became a gold-rich country.

____ 7. Spanish explorers traveled to the Americas to find



a.

slave labor.

c.

horses.

b.

gold.

d.

furs.

____ 8. Which of the following statements accurately describes the economic policy of mercantilism?



a.

It downplayed the role of government in stimulating economic growth.

b.

It discouraged the establishment of overseas colonies.

c.

It encouraged trade by abolishing laws that regulated trade.

d.

It was based on a belief that a nation’s real wealth was measured in its gold and silver treasure.

____ 9. Which of the following resulted from encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans?



a.

Spanish treasures flowed into the Americas.

b.

The Native American population declined.

c.

Native Americans defeated Spanish conquerors.

d.

Spanish explorers treated Native Americans with respect.

____ 10. By the Edict of Nantes in 1598, Henry IV of France granted religious toleration to



a.

Catholics.

c.

Jews.

b.

Muslims.

d.

Huguenots.

____ 11. Which of the following resulted from the Thirty Years’ War?



a.

German states were united.

b.

The Hapsburgs gained power.

c.

France lost territory to Spain and Germany.

d.

The Netherlands and Switzerland became independent states.

____ 12. During the 1700s, which of the following countries battled for control of the German states?



a.

Prussia and Austria

c.

the Netherlands and England

b.

Britain and France

d.

Spain and Russia

____ 13. Peter the Great forced Russians to accept social reforms that would make their culture more like that of



a.

Native Americans.

c.

Western Europeans.

b.

Chinese.

d.

Ottoman Turks.

____ 14. As a result of Peter the Great’s war against Sweden, Russia gained



a.

a warm-water port.

c.

the Bering Strait.

b.

land along the Black Sea.

d.

land along the Baltic Sea.

____ 15. Which of the following people mocked the traditions of Spain’s feudal past in his novel Don Quixote?



a.

El Greco

c.

Lope de Vega

b.

Diego Velázquez

d.

Miguel de Cervantes

____ 16. In the late 1500s, France was torn apart by religious wars between Catholics and



a.

Muslims.

c.

Huguenots.

b.

Jews.

d.

Calvinists.

____ 17. The Stuart kings’ claims to absolute power were challenged by



a.

the Tudors.

c.

the Cavaliers.

b.

Parliament.

d.

the Church of England.

____ 18. Which of the following was divided into many small states as a result of the Thirty Years’ War?



a.

France

c.

Germany

b.

Spain

d.

the Netherlands

____ 19. Why did Prussia battle Austria during the 1700s?



a.

to compete for overseas empires

c.

to end the aggression of Louis XIV

b.

to gain control of German states

d.

to honor an alliance with the Dutch

____ 20. Peter the Great fought the Ottoman Turks for the purpose of



a.

building St. Petersburg.

b.

defining their common border with Qing China.

c.

winning lands along the Baltic Sea.

d.

gaining a warm-water port on the Black Sea.

____ 21. Which of the following statements describes what happened to Poland in 1795 as a result of actions by Russia, Austria, and Prussia?



a.

Poland became a strong European power.

b.

Poland disappeared from the map of Europe.

c.

Poland seized territory from Russia.

d.

Poland formed an alliance with Austria.

____ 22. Ferdinand Magellan's crew were the first European explorers to



a.

circumnavigate the globe

c.

sail into the Hudson Bay

b.

sail to North America

d.

establish contact with India

____ 23. Which of the following, brought to Central and South America by the Spaniards, had the greatest negative impact on the native cultures?



a.

the rifle

c.

disease

b.

the cannon

d.

language

____ 24. The belief that a king and queen only answers to God, not to their subjects is known as



a.

absolutism

c.

enlightenment

b.

divine right

d.

Edict of Nantes

____ 25. Atahualpa and the Incas believed that the Spaniards (Pizarro's men) were



a.

dangerous and needed to be dealt with immediately

c.

no threat and sort of like barbarians with little discipline.

b.

silly fools that were just out for fun and games

d.

good unics

____ 26. In what town did Atahualpa meet Pizarro?



a.

Cajalouisville

c.

CajaBilly

b.

CajaFredda

d.

Cajamarca (if you miss this, give it up)

____ 27. Prince Henry of Portugal is significant for his



a.

role in subduing the Dutch revolt.

c.

opposition to slavery.

b.

support of exploration.

d.

rounding of the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.

____ 28. Before the Portugese gained control of the spice trade in the Indian Ocean, the trade had been controlled by the



a.

Muslims.

c.

Spanish.

b.

Venetians.

d.

Byzantines.

____ 29. The Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis between France and _______ was signed in 1559.



a.

the Holy Roman Empire

c.

Spain

b.

England

d.

Portugal

____ 30. The European kingdom that took the lead in overseas exploration was



a.

Portugal

c.

France

b.

Spain

d.

England

____ 31. The Primary motivation for European explorers was



a.

population pressure.

c.

fear of the Black Death.

b.

material profit.

d.

Renaissance curiosity.

____ 32. The Concordat of Bologna between France and _______ helps explain why France didn't become a Protestant country.



a.

Spain

c.

the Holy Roman Empire

b.

England

d.

the papacy

____ 33. The Peace of Westphalia was signed in



a.

January, 1630.

c.

October, 1648.

b.

February, 1652.

d.

December, 1627.

____ 34. The quinto was



a.

the general term for the Spanish colonial administration.

c.

the term used to describe the decimation of the natives of Hispaniola.

b.

a Spanish tax on all precious metals mined in its colonies.

d.

the forced labor duty imposed on all natives in some viceroyalties.

____ 35. _________ published the Edict of Nantes in 1598.



a.

Henry II

c.

Henry IV

b.

Louis XII

d.

Louis X

____ 36. The French royal budget in the first half of the sixteenth century was strained by both the Habsburg-Valois wars and



a.

the military defeats of the Thirty Years' War.

c.

loss of feudal dues and rents.

b.

overseas exploration.

d.

extravagent promotion of the arts by the monarchs.

____ 37. In order to pay for the Habsburg-Valois wars, the French monarchs



a.

instituted taxes on the nobility.

c.

confiscated monastic lands.

b.

sold public offices.

d.

imposed a salt tax.

____ 38. When Charles V abdicated, his son Philip received all of the following except



a.

rhe kingdom of Sicily.

c.

the Low Countries.

b.

Austria.

d.

Spain.

____ 39. Philip II shared with Luther and Calvin the belief that



a.

salvation comes by God's gift of grace.

c.

the state should impose morality on its subjects.

b.

church and civil authorities should destroy heresy.

d.

the pope was not infallible.

____ 40. The seven northern provinces of the Netherlands formed the _______ and in 1581 declared their independence from Spain.



a.

Union of Utrecht

c.

Federation of the North

b.

League of Amsterdam

d.

nation of Holland

____ 41. The Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre



a.

was the event that sparked the Dutch revolt.

c.

was caused by the Edict of Nantes.

b.

resulted in the Concordat of Bologna.

d.

exemplified the hatred between French catholics and Protestants.

____ 42. The Edict of Nantes



a.

ended the Thirty Years' War.

c.

restored Catholicism in England.

b.

liberated all Christian slaves in France.

d.

provided conditions for the peaceful coexistence of Calvinism and Catholicism in France.

____ 43. The Thirty Years' War began in



a.

Bohemia.

c.

Denmark.

b.

Prussia.

d.

France.

____ 44. The fourth, or ______, phase of the Thirty Years' War began in 1635.



a.

Bohemian.

c.

French.

b.

Swedish.

d.

Dutch.

____ 45. The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588



a.

prevented Philip II from reuniting western Europe under Catholic rule.

c.

ended Spanish attempts to subdue the rebolt in the Netherlands.

b.

impeded the flow of silver from the New World to Spain.

d.

allowed the English to conquer Ireland.

____ 46. Among the hypthoses offered by scholars to explain the great witch-hunts of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are all of the following except



a.

socioeconomic factors, which resulted in an atmosphere of instability and uncertainty in values.

c.

demographic changes, which caused many single women not to be under the control of men, and thus suspect.

b.

pervasive beliefs about women's inherent weakness and sexual instability.

d.

a deliberate papal conspiracy to smear Protestants with charges of witchcraft.

____ 47. The Portugese brought the first African slaves to



a.

Brazil.

c.

Mexico.

b.

Cuba, Hispaniola and the Lesser Antilles.

d.

Genoa and Venice.

____ 48. Amerindians gave the Spanish



a.

smallpox.

c.

typhoid.

b.

syphilis.

d.

bubonic plague.

____ 49. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, prostitution



a.

declined dramatically.

c.

catered to men and women.

b.

was common.

d.

was outlawed in Protestant cities.

____ 50. The caravel was



a.

the palace of the Spanish king.

c.

an instrument to measure the elevation of stars or the sun above the horizon.

b.

the Catholic festival occuring just before Lent.

d.

a three-masted sailing vessel developed in Portugal.

____ 51. Michel de Montaigne invented the



a.

history play.

c.

sonata.

b.

sonnet.

d.

essay.

____ 52. Shakespeare's history plays, such as Richard II,



a.

exalt the English nation.

c.

were usually set in Italy.

b.

glorify the classical ideal.

d.

were very unpopular at the time.

____ 53. The Authorized version of the Bible reflected the efforts of the Anglicans and Puritans to



a.

stamp out Catholicism.

c.

encourage the laity to read the bible.

b.

unite their churches.

d.

spread the gospel to Africa.

____ 54. Baroque art was



a.

banned in Protestant countries.

c.

first developed in the Netherlands.

b.

simple and austere, lacking in emotion.

d.

intended to kindle the faith of the common people.

____ 55. The period ___________ saw witch-hunting on an unprecedented scale.



a.

1500 to 1600

c.

1560 to 1660

b.

1530 to 1700

d.

1600 to 1700

____ 56. Among the weaknesses of the French financial system under Louis XIV were all of the following except



a.

high military expenditures.

c.

many middle-class tax exemptions.

b.

noble immunity from taxation.

d.

lack of direction in state financial and economic policy under the incompetent Colbert.

____ 57. The Fronde refers to



a.

the guerilla warfare that finally won Lorraine for Louis XIV.

c.

the huge garden Louis XIV had constructed at Versailles.

b.

the region of southern France where high-quality linen was produced for export.

d.

a rebellion by aristocrats and others early in the reign of Louis XIV.

____ 58. The cause of the war of Spanish succession was



a.

French fear of a political merger between England and the Netherlands.

c.

English attempts to forment rebellion in Spain's American colonies.

b.

the prospect of Louis XIV controlling both the French and Spanish thrones.

d.

Louis XIV's revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

____ 59. ________, Henry IV's chief minister was a devout Protestant.



a.

Locke

c.

Sully

b.

Colbert

d.

Marat

____ 60. French intendants were almost always recruited from the



a.

nobles of the sword.

c.

commercial elite.

b.

new, judicial nobility.

d.

senior clergy.

____ 61. The English Navigation Act of 1651



a.

set high tariffs on imports to England.

c.

required the English goods be transported on English ships.

b.

repealed all taxes on wool exported from England.

d.

provided direct subsidies to the English shipbuilding industry.

____ 62. The Edict of Nantes was intended to



a.

establish a permanent policy of toleration.

c.

raise funds for new wars.

b.

promote temporary religious and civil concord.

d.

create an absolute separation of church and state.

____ 63. The English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes held that



a.

kings ruled by divine right.

c.

mankind is inherently good and requires no formal government.

b.

Parliament ruled by divine right.

d.

the power of the ruler was absolute but derived from an implicit contract with the governed.

____ 64. Richelieu's notion of ________ justified actions on behalf of the state that would be condemned if carried out by private individuals.



a.

Raison d'etat

c.

sin

b.

absolutism

d.

esprit de corps

____ 65. Mercantilist theory postulated that



a.

government should not interfere on the economy.

c.

government should intervene to secure the largest share of limited resources.

b.

imports and exports should be equally balanced.

d.

free trade would maximize the wealth of all nations.

____ 66. The spark that caused the English Glorious Revolution was the



a.

conflict over taxation between Charles II and Parliament.

c.

defeat suffered in the War of the Spanish Succession.

b.

fear of a Catholic dynasty being established by James II.

d.

1640 uprising in Ireland.

____ 67. Louis XIV installed his royal court at



a.

Paris.

c.

Dijon.

b.

Versailles.

d.

Languedoc.

____ 68. The state that gained the most from the war of the Spanish Succession was



a.

Prussia.

c.

France.

b.

England.

d.

Spain.

____ 69. Which country had the highest living standards in Europe in the mid-seventeenth century?



a.

England.

c.

the Netherlands.

b.

France

d.

Spain

____ 70. John Locke was the great spokesman



a.

for the Test Act.

c.

of the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

b.

of Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate.

d.

who justified the execution of Charles I on charges of treason.

____ 71. French foreign policy under Richelieu focused primarily on the



a.

prevention of the Hapsburgs from unifying the territories surrounding France.

c.

protection of Burgundy.

b.

destruction of the English naval power.

d.

winning back Alsace-Lorraine.

____ 72. A major conflict between the Holy Roman emperors and the popes concerned.



a.

who would appoint bishops

c.

who would control England

b.

the right to succession

d.

the right to wage war

____ 73. The artists of the Renaissance focused on



a.

the spiritual world

c.

humanistic concerns

b.

the universe

d.

the Catholic church

____ 74. How did Henry VIII react when the Pope refused to annul his marriage?



a.

He started a war

c.

He imposed fines on the Catholic Church

b.

He started the Reformation

d.

He took over the English church

____ 75. Which of the following beliefs was central to Martin Luther's religious philosophy?



a.

The sacrament of penance.

c.

Salvation through faith alone

b.

The priesthood defined as distinct from the laity.

d.

The equality of men and women.

____ 76. A primary difference between the Italian and the Northern Renaissance was that the latter was:



a.

more concerned with national issues

c.

more secular

b.

more religious

d.

relatively unimportant for their societies.

____ 77. In general, the clergy during the plague



a.

fled to monasteries in the countryside

c.

let nuns take care of the sick

b.

were relatively untouched by the epidemic

d.

cared for the sick adn buried the dead.

____ 78. During the Thirty Year's War, France pursued a policy of (a real AP question - 50% of testakers got it correct!)



a.

supporting the Hapsburgs against the Protestant princes and rulers.

d.

remaining neutral

b.

allowing French Protestants to fight for the Protestants even though the monarchy supported the Roman Catholics.

e.

opposing England in order to recapture Normandy

c.

supporting the Protestant princes and rulers against the Hapsburgs

____ 79. A primary goal of Phillip II of Spain was to (real live AP Test question -51% got it correct)



a.

grant toleration to religious minorities

d.

strengthen the Spanish economy

b.

create a monarchy accessible to the people

e.

maintain Spanish control of the Netherlands.

c.

reunite Spanish and Austrian Hapsburg empires

____ 80. The Hapsburg Emperor Charles VI (1711-1740) issued his Pragmatic Sanction in order to (AP Question - 56% correct)



a.

provide for the division of his territories after his death.

d.

guarantee the succession of his eldest daughter to the throne.

b.

allow him to partition Poland

e.

eliminate serfdom in his territories.

c.

allow him to trade Protestant lands that he ruled in Germany for Catholic lands elsewhere.


Short Answer - Answer all of them and draw a smiley face at the end of question number 81 for 2 points extra credit. (5 points each)

81. List the successes and failures of Louis XIV.

82. List the four results of the Thirty Years’ War?

Exploration and Absolutism Test - 100 Points Total -- Write on your own paper!

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. A


2. B

3. B


4. D

5. B


6. B

7. B


8. D

9. B


10. D

11. D


12. A

13. C


14. D

15. D


16. C

17. B


18. C

19. B


20. D

21. B


22. A

23. C


24. B

25. C


26. D

27. B


28. A

29. C


30. A

31. B


32. D

33. C


34. B

35. C


36. D

37. B


38. B

39. B


40. A

41. D


42. D

43. A


44. C

45. A


46. D

47. A


48. B

49. B


50. D

51. D


52. A

53. C


54. D

55. C


56. D

57. D


58. B

59. C


60. B

61. C


62. B

63. D


64. A

65. C


66. B

67. B


68. B

69. C


70. C

71. A


72. A

73. C


74. D

75. C


76. B

77. D


78. C

79. E


80. D

SHORT ANSWER

81. Louis XIV succeeded in building royal power, expanding the economy, strengthening the army, and making French culture the standard for European taste. His excessive spending and wars drained the economy and led rival rulers to join forces against France. Louis’s treatment of the Huguenots caused France to lose many hard-working and prosperous subjects.



82. As a result of the Thirty Years’ War, France gained territory from Spain and Germany. The Hapsburgs lost power. The Netherlands and Switzerland became independent states. Germany was divided into many separate states.

Download 255.07 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©www.essaydocs.org 2022
send message

    Main page