Exploration and Absolutism Test 95 Points Total Write on your own paper! Multiple Choice 5 points each) 45 Total



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Exploration and Absolutism Test - 95 Points Total -- Write on your own paper!

Multiple Choice (1.5 points each) - 45 Total

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. For 3 points extra credit, write Go Manual at the top of your paper.

____ 1. Which of the following best explained why European rulers encouraged ocean exploration?



a.

They wanted to find new trade routes.

b.

They wanted to conquer new lands.

c.

They wanted to spread Islam.

d.

They wanted to test new navigational tools.



Figure 15-1

____ 2. According to Figure 15-1, which European power took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration?



a.

France

c.

England

b.

Portugal

d.

the Dutch

____ 3. According to Figure 15-1, which of the following explorers sailed around Africa to India?



a.

Dias

c.

Columbus

b.

Da Gama

d.

Cabot

____ 4. Which of the following generalizations is supported by Figure 15-1?



a.

The English were the first to reach North America.

b.

Early explorers were searching for gold and other treasures in Africa.

c.

The Dutch were the last power to take to the oceans for riches.

d.

Portugal and Spain took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration.

____ 5. According to Figure 15-1, what explorer first crossed the Atlantic?



a.

Da Gama

c.

Cabot

b.

Columbus

d.

Cabral

____ 6. How did Prince Henry change the course of Portugal’s history?



a.

Portugal became a Muslim country.

b.

Portugal led the way in exploration.

c.

Portugal became the first country to circumnavigate the world.

d.

Portugal became a gold-rich country.

____ 7. Spanish explorers traveled to the Americas to find



a.

slave labor.

c.

horses.

b.

gold.

d.

furs.

____ 8. Which of the following statements accurately describes the economic policy of mercantilism?



a.

It downplayed the role of government in stimulating economic growth.

b.

It discouraged the establishment of overseas colonies.

c.

It encouraged trade by abolishing laws that regulated trade.

d.

It was based on a belief that a nation’s real wealth was measured in its gold and silver treasure.

____ 9. Which of the following resulted from encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans?



a.

Spanish treasures flowed into the Americas.

b.

The Native American population declined.

c.

Native Americans defeated Spanish conquerors.

d.

Spanish explorers treated Native Americans with respect.

____ 10. By the Edict of Nantes in 1598, Henry IV of France granted religious toleration to



a.

Catholics.

c.

Jews.

b.

Muslims.

d.

Huguenots.

____ 11. Which of the following resulted from the Thirty Years’ War?



a.

German states were united.

b.

The Hapsburgs gained power.

c.

France lost territory to Spain and Germany.

d.

The Netherlands and Switzerland became independent states.

____ 12. During the 1700s, which of the following countries battled for control of the German states?



a.

Prussia and Austria

c.

the Netherlands and England

b.

Britain and France

d.

Spain and Russia

____ 13. Peter the Great forced Russians to accept social reforms that would make their culture more like that of



a.

Native Americans.

c.

Western Europeans.

b.

Chinese.

d.

Ottoman Turks.

____ 14. As a result of Peter the Great’s war against Sweden, Russia gained



a.

a warm-water port.

c.

the Bering Strait.

b.

land along the Black Sea.

d.

land along the Baltic Sea.

____ 15. Which of the following people mocked the traditions of Spain’s feudal past in his novel Don Quixote?



a.

El Greco

c.

Lope de Vega

b.

Diego Velázquez

d.

Miguel de Cervantes

____ 16. In the late 1500s, France was torn apart by religious wars between Catholics and



a.

Muslims.

c.

Huguenots.

b.

Jews.

d.

Calvinists.

____ 17. The Stuart kings’ claims to absolute power were challenged by



a.

the Tudors.

c.

the Cavaliers.

b.

Parliament.

d.

the Church of England.

____ 18. Which of the following was divided into many small states as a result of the Thirty Years’ War?



a.

France

c.

Germany

b.

Spain

d.

the Netherlands

____ 19. Why did Prussia battle Austria during the 1700s?



a.

to compete for overseas empires

c.

to end the aggression of Louis XIV

b.

to gain control of German states

d.

to honor an alliance with the Dutch

____ 20. Peter the Great fought the Ottoman Turks for the purpose of



a.

building St. Petersburg.

b.

defining their common border with Qing China.

c.

winning lands along the Baltic Sea.

d.

gaining a warm-water port on the Black Sea.

____ 21. Which of the following statements describes what happened to Poland in 1795 as a result of actions by Russia, Austria, and Prussia?



a.

Poland became a strong European power.

b.

Poland disappeared from the map of Europe.

c.

Poland seized territory from Russia.

d.

Poland formed an alliance with Austria.

____ 22. Ferdinand Magellan's crew were the first European explorers to



a.

circumnavigate the globe

c.

sail into the Hudson Bay

b.

sail to North America

d.

establish contact with India

____ 23. Which of the following, brought to Central and South America by the Spaniards, had the greatest negative impact on the native cultures?



a.

the rifle

c.

disease

b.

the cannon

d.

language

____ 24. The belief that a king and queen only answers to God, not to their subjects is known as



a.

absolutism

c.

enlightenment

b.

divine right

d.

Edict of Nantes

____ 25. Atahualpa and the Incas believed that the Spaniards (Pizarro's men) were



a.

dangerous and needed to be dealt with immediately

c.

no threat and sort of like barbarians with little discipline.

b.

silly fools that were just out for fun and games

d.

good unics

____ 26. In what town did Atahualpa meet Pizarro?



a.

Cajalouisville

c.

CajaBilly

b.

CajaFredda

d.

Cajamarca (if you miss this, give it up)


Short Answer - Answer all of them and draw a smiley face at the end of question number 55 for 2 points extra credit. (5 points each)

27. List three reasons European nations encouraged overseas exploration.

28. List three reasons why the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires.

29. List the successes and failures of Louis XIV.

30. List the four results of the Thirty Years’ War?

Essay - Choose one. (10 points)

31. Recognizing Causes and Effects What political and social changes resulted from the English Civil War?

32. Drawing Conclusions How did Peter the Great accomplish his goal of modernizing Russia?

Exploration and Absolutism Test - 95 Points Total -- Write on your own paper!

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. A


2. B

3. B


4. D

5. B


6. B

7. B


8. D

9. B


10. D

11. D


12. A

13. C


14. D

15. D


16. C

17. B


18. C

19. B


20. D

21. B


22. A

23. C


24. B

25. C


26. D

SHORT ANSWER

27. Reasons include: They wanted to find an all-water trade route to Asia that bypassed the Mediterranean; they wanted to fulfill an old desire to crusade against the Muslims and spread Christianity; they wanted to satisfy their sense of curiosity about other lands and their spirit of adventure.

28. The Spaniards had horses and superior weapons. They were aided by enemies of the Aztecs and Incas. The Indians were weakened and demoralized by disease.

29. Louis XIV succeeded in building royal power, expanding the economy, strengthening the army, and making French culture the standard for European taste. His excessive spending and wars drained the economy and led rival rulers to join forces against France. Louis’s treatment of the Huguenots caused France to lose many hard-working and prosperous subjects.

30. As a result of the Thirty Years’ War, France gained territory from Spain and Germany. The Hapsburgs lost power. The Netherlands and Switzerland became independent states. Germany was divided into many separate states.

ESSAY

31. As a result of the English Civil War, England became a commonwealth headed by Oliver Cromwell. The monarchy, the House of Lords, and the Church of England were abolished. Puritan influences resulted in the closing of theaters. Jews were welcomed back to England.



32. Peter the Great imported western technology and improved education by setting up academies for the study of mathematics, science, and engineering. He forced noblemen to shave their beards and wear Western European clothes. He held parties at which men and women were expected to dance together. Peter executed those who resisted his reforms.

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