____ 25. Atahualpa and the Incas believed that the Spaniards (Pizarro's men) were
dangerous and needed to be dealt with immediately
no threat and sort of like barbarians with little discipline.
silly fools that were just out for fun and games
____ 26. In what town did Atahualpa meet Pizarro?
Cajamarca (if you miss this, give it up)
Short Answer - Answer all of them and draw a smiley face at the end of question number 55 for 2 points extra credit. (5 points each)
27. List three reasons European nations encouraged overseas exploration.
28. List three reasons why the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires.
29. List the successes and failures of Louis XIV.
30. List the four results of the Thirty Years’ War?
Essay - Choose one. (10 points)
31. Recognizing Causes and Effects What political and social changes resulted from the English Civil War?
32. Drawing Conclusions How did Peter the Great accomplish his goal of modernizing Russia?
Exploration and Absolutism Test - 95 Points Total -- Write on your own paper!
27. Reasons include: They wanted to find an all-water trade route to Asia that bypassed the Mediterranean; they wanted to fulfill an old desire to crusade against the Muslims and spread Christianity; they wanted to satisfy their sense of curiosity about other lands and their spirit of adventure.
28. The Spaniards had horses and superior weapons. They were aided by enemies of the Aztecs and Incas. The Indians were weakened and demoralized by disease.
29. Louis XIV succeeded in building royal power, expanding the economy, strengthening the army, and making French culture the standard for European taste. His excessive spending and wars drained the economy and led rival rulers to join forces against France. Louis’s treatment of the Huguenots caused France to lose many hard-working and prosperous subjects.
30. As a result of the Thirty Years’ War, France gained territory from Spain and Germany. The Hapsburgs lost power. The Netherlands and Switzerland became independent states. Germany was divided into many separate states.
31. As a result of the English Civil War, England became a commonwealth headed by Oliver Cromwell. The monarchy, the House of Lords, and the Church of England were abolished. Puritan influences resulted in the closing of theaters. Jews were welcomed back to England.
32. Peter the Great imported western technology and improved education by setting up academies for the study of mathematics, science, and engineering. He forced noblemen to shave their beards and wear Western European clothes. He held parties at which men and women were expected to dance together. Peter executed those who resisted his reforms.