The constitution established a religiously tolerant government
It also helped to serve as an example for future colonial constitutions
Transatlantic Slave Trade/Triangular Trade
The trade routes from Europe, to Africa, to the Americas, and then to Europe again.
Raw goods from the New World would go to Europe where they would manufacture those raw goods and send them to Africa in exchange for slaves; the slaves would go to Brazil, the West Indies or the English Colonies.
95% of enslaved Africans went to Brazil and the West Indies; 5% to the English Colonies
Triangular Trade was based on the theory of mercantilism
The theory that a state’s or nation’s power depended on its wealth. The practice of regulating colonial trade for the profit of the home country.
1502--Columbus first imported African slaves to the Americas
After trade, Africans were packed tightly into slave ships and sent to the Americas—this voyage was called the Middle Passage.
Conditions of the Middle Passage were horrible, the death rate was 15-20%.
Slavery and slaves in the Colonies
Tobacco was Virginia’s “gold”—production reached 30 million pounds by the 1680s
The expansion of tobacco led to an increased demand for field labor
Native Americans were first used for labor, but their lack of immunity to European diseases made them susceptible to illness
European indentured servants were used next for labor, but escape was easy for them with their many ties and familiarity with the European culture
The spread of tobacco led settlers to turn to slavery, which offered many advantages over indentured servants