Exploring your options (Influences on the framers)

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Study Guide #3 (Foundations of Government and Law and the American Political System) [Page ]

Exploring your options (Influences on the framers)

Choose the phrase that best matches the given definition.

  1. The right to life, liberty, property and the freedom to find happiness.

    1. natural rights

    2. republicanism

    3. salons

    4. state of nature

  1. Citizens give up some freedom; in exchange, the government protects citizens’ right to life, liberty, and property

    1. freedom contract

    2. freedom exchange

    3. social contract

    4. social freedom

  1. When a government fails, the citizens have the right to revolt.

    1. consent of the governed

    2. general will

    3. majority rule

    4. natural freedom

  1. The great revolution in thinking called the Enlightenment was also known as this phrase.

    1. Age of Reason

    2. Reign of the Right Mind

    3. The Renaissance

    4. Time of Thought

  1. Congress writes laws, the President enforces laws, and the courts interpret laws.

    1. direct democracy

    2. representative democracy

    3. separation of powers

    4. tabula rasa

  1. The people who wrote the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.

    1. Artisan Partisans

    2. Founding Fathers

    3. Useless Yankees

    4. Wise Writers

  1. When King John II was forced to sign the Magna Carta, he gave up some of his power because the nobles forced him to.

    1. due process

    2. limited government

    3. rule of law

    4. self government

  1. The Magna Carta was the first document to establish that no one is above the law.

    1. due process

    2. limited government

    3. rule of law

    4. self government

  1. Both the Mayflower Compact and Common Sense argued that colonists should be in charge of themselves.

    1. due process

    2. limited government

    3. rule of law

    4. self government

Before the Breakup (England vs the american colonies)

Fill in the blank with the correct word or phrase.

  1. To help pay for their soldiers, England passed the ____________ Act, which forced the colonists to put expensive tax stamps on all legal documents as well as newspapers, calendars, and almanacs.

    1. Declaratory

    2. Stamp

    3. Townshend Revenue

    4. Quartering

  2. After the Boston Tea Party, England wanted to place more restrictions on the colonies, so they passed the Coercive Acts to force Massachusetts colony to follow British rule. Colonists called these acts the ____________ Acts.

    1. Absurd

    2. Evil

    3. Intolerable

    4. Overkill

  1. American colonists organized a ____________ in response to the Stamp Act. They stopped buying British goods as a form of protest. After one year, Britain was forced to repeal the Stamp Act.

    1. boycott

    2. flash mob

    3. tea party

    4. quorum

The fight (declaration of independence)

Match the phrases from the Declaration of Independence with their meanings.

  1. just powers a. can be seen just by looking at it

  2. natural rights b. powers that are fair

  3. pursuit of happiness c. rights people are born with

  4. self-evident d. rights that cannot be taken away

  5. unalienable rights e. trying to find joy and contentment

The rebound (Articles of confederation)

Match the causes and effects for these problems of the Articles of Confederation.


  1. The Articles of Confederation did not create any courts.

  2. The government under the Articles of Confederation could not collect taxes to raise money.

  3. The legislature created by the Articles of Confederation gave equal power to large and small states.

    1. Large States were unhappy because with bigger populations, they thought they should have more power.

    2. The government could not pay its debts from the Revolutionary War, and America lost standing with other nations.

    3. When a problem arose between states, there was nowhere to settle the dispute.

the keeper (U.S. Constitution)

Choose the correct modern meaning for the following phrases from the U.S. Constitution’s Preamble.

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union,

  1. establish Justice, A. create a fair legal system

  2. insure domestic Tranquility, B. help keep the people safe and healthy

  3. provide for the common defense, C. join together to defend against attacks

  4. promote the general Welfare, D. keep things peaceful at home

  5. and secure the Blessings of Liberty E. make sure that freedom and liberty is around

to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
what I like about you (Articles of confederation vs U.S. Constitution)

Match the causes and effects to show how the U.S. Constitution fixed the problems of the Articles of Confederation.


  1. Independent states made laws that penalized out-of-state businesses and citizens.

  2. Small and large states could not agree on how power should be divided in the legislature.

  3. States could and did ignore laws passed by the Congress created by the Articles of Confederation.

    1. The new Constitution required states to treat citizens of other states the same as they treat their own citizens.

    2. The new Constitution said laws passed by Congress are superior to state laws.

    3. The new Constitution split the legislature so states had equal power in one half and power based on population in the other.

Original content Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston as well as icivics.org. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of Mr. Deutsch.

[M/J Civics] Study Guide #3 [Foundations of Government and Law and the American Political System]

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