Fall 2013 Review



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Fall 2013 Review

____ 1. How did the beliefs of the Israelites differ from those of most nearby peoples?



a.

They believed divine forces ruled this world.

c.

They believed in one all-powerful god.

b.

They believed in a fearful underworld.

d.

They believed in an afterlife.

____ 2. What was the result of the Church reforms of Pope Gregory VII in 1073?



a.

Monasteries performed a vital role in keeping learning alive.

c.

Only the Church could appoint Church officials, such as bishops.

b.

The Church emphasized official Christian beliefs to combat heresies.

d.

Bishops could no longer interfere in monastery affairs.

____ 3. Which of the following was NOT a contributing factor to Mongol military supremacy?



a.

superior riding skills.

c.

enormous conscripted armies to outnumber their enemies

b.

more technically proficient bows.

d.

catapults to hurl sometimes-flaming projectiles.

____ 4. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are also known as



a.

the Torah.

c.

the Psalms.

b.

the New Testament.

d.

Buddhism.

____ 5. The three-field system was



a.

the legal system.

c.

an agricultural method.

b.

the political relationship between king, lord, and serf.

d.

the technology used in medieval optics.

____ 6. How did the senate change during the Roman empire as compared to the republic?



a.

It held much less power than under the republic.

c.

It held much more power than under the republic.

b.

It had two assemblies, called centuriate and tribal.

d.

It had fewer senators than under the republic.

____ 7. Muslim artists avoided using figures and instead painted



a.

elaborate landscape scenes.

c.

birds, insects, and reptiles.

b.

colorful, abstract patterns.

d.

geometric patterns and floral designs.

____ 8. A key difference between Buddhism and Hinduism is that



a.

Buddhists believe only the highest caste can reach nirvana.

c.

Buddhists focus on enlightenment through meditation.

b.

Hindus believe in reincarnation, or a cycle of rebirth.

d.

Hindus reject priests, formal rituals, and the caste system.

____ 9. Which of the following playwrights wrote the tragedy about Oedipus?



a.

Euripides

c.

Sophocles

b.

Aristophanes

d.

Aeschylus

____ 10. Some of the earliest examples of Greek epic poetry were



a.

written by Aristophanes.

c.

written for the festival of Dionysus.

b.

written by women.

d.

the Iliad and the Odyssey.

____ 11. Which of the following built the largest empire in South America?



a.

the Incas

c.

the Nazca

b.

the Moche

d.

the Aztecs

____ 12. Which of the following statements is true about Athens under the rule of Pericles?



a.

The ancient practice of ostracism, or banishment, was forbidden.

c.

Large numbers of citizens had the right to vote directly on laws.

b.

Only landowners were allowed to participate in government.

d.

Citizens elected jurors to carry out their wishes in the legislature.

____ 13. What was the Pax Mongolia?



a.

period when the Mongol Empire established peace and stability across Asia

c.

trade route between the Mongol Empire and Rome

b.

Chinese alphabet adapted for Mongol use

d.

title given to Kublai Khan by the Chinese

____ 14. One reason for conflict between the Ottoman and Safavid empires was that



a.

the Safavids wanted to take over the Ottoman silk trade.

c.

the Ottomans despised the Safavids as heretics.

b.

the Ottomans aided the Qajars against the Safavids.

d.

the Safavids tried to convert Ottomans to Hinduism.













____ 15. The Scientific Revolution demonstrated that the workings of the universe could be explained by



a.

the alignment of the planets.

c.

prayer and divine revelation.

b.

natural causes.

d.

the will of God.

____ 16. Persian thinker Zoroaster spread the idea of



a.

irrigating crops.

c.

the rule of law.

b.

mummifying the dead.

d.

heaven, hell, and judgment day.

____ 17. What new war technology did the Hyksos invaders bring to Egypt?



a.

bows and arrows

c.

body armor

b.

weapons made of bronze

d.

horse-drawn war chariots

____ 18. Which of the following is famous for creating the statues of David and Pietà, and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?



a.

Ignatius of Loyola

c.

Baldassare Castiglione

b.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

d.

William Shakespeare

____ 19. The Mycenaean people were primarily



a.

farmers.

c.

sea traders.

b.

shepherds.

d.

artisans.

____ 20. After the fall of Mycenaean society



a.

Greek civilization almost disappeared.

c.

the first Greeks appeared on the Greek mainland.

b.

Minoan society emerged on Crete.

d.

the city of Troy was destroyed in battle.

____ 21. By the New Stone Age, community decisions were probably being made by



a.

a council of older women.

c.

people with the most skills.

b.

an elected king.

d.

a council of older men.

____ 22. The Greek concept of democracy included political participation by



a.

both men and women.

c.

military officers only.

b.

all free, native-born, adult males.

d.

a council of priests.

____ 23. The conversion to Christianity of which Roman emperor ushered in a time of tolerance, acceptance, and eventual dominance of Christianity?



a.

Constantine

c.

Diocletian

b.

Tiberius

d.

Claudius

____ 24. Which of the following happened under the Gupta dynasty?



a.

Indian artisans printed the first books.

c.

Villages and city governments lost their power.

b.

Religious warfare destroyed most centers of learning.

d.

Mathematicians developed the decimal system.

____ 25. What prevented the Mongols from invading Japan?



a.

The Mongols feared the samurai military prowess.

c.

A storm prevented them from establishing a base.

b.

The jungle heat prevented their horses from continuing.

d.

The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Mongol naval base.

____ 26. Greeks tried to ensure that the gods and goddesses would protect them and their city-states by



a.

performing rituals and sacrifices.

c.

writing epics.

b.

building them homes on Mount Olympus.

d.

telling stories about their lives.

____ 27. Roman architecture emphasized



a.

religious fervor.

c.

restraint.

b.

grandeur.

d.

simple elegance.

____ 28. To maintain control of vast areas, the Mongols formed different khanates. The Golden Horde ruled over



a.

China.

c.

Russia.

b.

India.

d.

Korea.

____ 29. A system of law that developed under the Roman republic and applied to citizens was called



a.

the law of nations.

c.

common law.

b.

civil law.

d.

constitutional law.

____ 30. Who made the greatest contribution toward setting Christianity on the road to becoming a world religion?



a.

Augustine

c.

Paul

b.

Peter

d.

Clement

____ 31. Why did Ming emperors decide to isolate China?



a.

They were disappointed with the tribute gained from Zheng He’s voyages.

c.

They did not want to divert people’s attention from building the Great Wall.

b.

They disliked the influence of the Europeans and sought to preserve China’s traditions.

d.

They thought European weapons might cause the peasants to rebel.

____ 32. Confucius believed that



a.

younger people should respect their elders.

c.

the chief goal in life should be achieving salvation.

b.

people should question their place in society.

d.

the only equal relationship was husband to wife.

____ 33. What important step did King Clovis take in ruling his conquered lands in the late 400s?



a.

He preserved the Roman legacy in his rule of Spain.

c.

He converted to Islam, the religion of the people in Spain.

b.

He rejected the Roman legacy in his rule of Gaul.

d.

He converted to Christianity, the religion of the people in Gaul.

____ 34. Mahayana Buddhism appealed to many Chinese because it emphasized



a.

harmony with nature.

c.

personal salvation.

b.

filial piety.

d.

five key relationships.

____ 35. The father of history in the Western tradition is



a.

Herodotus.

c.

Prometheus.

b.

Pericles.

d.

Darius.

____ 36. At the Council of Clermont in 1095, why did Roman Pope Urban II rally Christians to help Byzantine emperor Alexius I?



a.

to drive the Muslim Turks from the Holy Land

c.

to protect the territory of the Byzantine empire

b.

to secretly conquer the rich city of Constantinople

d.

to defend Venetian trade routes against Muslim attacks


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