French Revolution Multiple Choice 3 Points Each



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French Revolution

Multiple Choice 3 Points Each

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. For five points extra credit, write what you would like to buy Coach P for the Holidays if money was no option.

____ 1. The bourgeoisie belonged to which of the following groups?



a.

the First Estate

c.

the Third Estate

b.

the Second Estate

d.

the aristocracy

____ 2. The Constitution of 1791



a.

abolished the monarchy.

c.

gave the vote to all citizens.

b.

established a new Legislative Assembly.

d.

reestablished the old provinces.

____ 3. During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to



a.

execute all French nobles.

c.

crush all opposition to the revolution.

b.

restore the Catholic Church.

d.

reinstate the monarchy.

____ 4. Which of the following areas did Napoleon annex to France?



a.

the Netherlands

c.

Poland

b.

Russia

d.

Britain

____ 5. Which of the following was the chief goal of the Congress of Vienna?



a.

to punish France

c.

to create a lasting peace

b.

to create a united Europe

d.

to strengthen Germany

____ 6. Why did the Congress of Vienna redraw the boundaries of some European countries?



a.

to encircle France with strong countries

c.

to distribute land more fairly

b.

to create more countries

d.

to prevent the growth of nationalism



Figure 6-1

____ 7. In Figure 6-1, why are the scepter, or staff, and the globe shown falling from Napoleon’s hands?



a.

to show Napoleon playing with his power

b.

to show Napoleon losing his power

c.

to show Napoleon passing on control of his empire

d.

to show Napoleon’s juggling abilities

____ 8. At which of the following times was Figure 6-1 most likely drawn?



a.

after Napoleon’s defeat at the Battle of Nations

b.

as he claimed victory after victory in Europe

c.

at the beginning of his military career

d.

when he was crowned emperor of the French

____ 9. In Figure 6-1 featuring Napoleon, what do the scepter, or staff, and the globe with the cross on it represent?



a.

defeat

c.

toys

b.

power

d.

freedom

____ 10. What is the cartoonist trying to show by including Russian buildings on the lower right in Figure 6-1?



a.

Russia has a unique architectural style.

b.

Russia is a world power.

c.

Russia is an important element in Napoleon’s fall from power.

d.

Russia is a religious country.

____ 11. Which of the following statements about France’s social structure is true?



a.

The Third Estate was made up entirely of peasants.

b.

The Second Estate was content with the social structure.

c.

There was inequality among the three estates.

d.

Most people belonged to the First Estate.

____ 12. France’s economy was mainly supported by



a.

the First Estate.

c.

the king.

b.

the Third Estate.

d.

the nobles.

____ 13. French nobles resisted Necker’s financial reforms because



a.

they supported free trade.

b.

they were already taxed too heavily.

c.

they wanted to pay no taxes.

d.

they thought the answer was to create more jobs for the Third Estate.

____ 14. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen stated that



a.

all men were born free and equal in rights.

b.

all male citizens had the right to vote.

c.

male and female citizens were equal before the law.

d.

all citizens had to pay equal taxes.

____ 15. How did the French respond to threats to the revolution?



a.

by using mediation to settle differences

b.

by becoming more radical

c.

by welcoming their opponents into the decision-making process

d.

by ensuring that all citizens were free to speak

____ 16. How did the Napoleonic Code reflect Enlightenment principles?



a.

It guaranteed the equality of all citizens before the law.

b.

It guaranteed women equal rights.

c.

It valued individual rights above all else.

d.

It valued the security of the state over individual liberty.


Matching 1.5 Points Each

Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

abdicate

d.

sans-culottes

b.

deficit spending

e.

suffrage

c.

plebiscite

____ 17. Spending more money than is taken in

____ 18. Working-class revolutionaries

____ 19. The right to vote

____ 20. Ballot in which voters say yes or no to an issue

____ 21. To give up power



Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

Napoleon

d.

Olympe de Gouges

b.

Jacques Louis David

e.

Clemens von Metternich

c.

Maximilien Robespierre

____ 22. Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror

____ 23. French journalist who demanded equal rights for women

____ 24. Leading painter during the French Revolution

____ 25. French emperor who dominated Europe in the early 1800s

____ 26. Austrian prince who wanted to restore the status quo of 1792 at the Congress of Vienna



Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

blockade

d.

nationalism

b.

bourgeoisie

e.

sans-culottes

c.

émigré

____ 27. The wealthiest members of the Third Estate

____ 28. A person who fled revolutionary France to live in another country

____ 29. Radical working-class men and women

____ 30. A feeling of pride in, and intense devotion to, one’s country

____ 31. A military tactic through which ports are shut off to keep people or supplies from moving in or out



Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

Louis XVI

d.

Olympe de Gouges

b.

Clemens von Metternich

e.

Robespierre

c.

Napoleon

____ 32. “Let all three estates list their grievances to me.”

____ 33. “Lives must be sacrificed for liberty.”

____ 34. “Woman’s rights are the same as those of man.”

____ 35. “I love power as a musician loves his violin.”

____ 36. “Monarchy is the only way to save Europe from the ravages of nationalism.”



Short Answer Choose any 4 and answer - worth 5 points each.

37. Describe the three divisions of France’s social structure before the French Revolution.

38. Identify the four stages of the revolution.

39. List three ways the revolution changed life in France.

40. List the main events in the rise and fall of Napoleon.

41. Describe the chief goal of the Congress of Vienna.

42. How does the French Revolution support or contradict the ideals of humanism?

French Revolution

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. C


2. B

3. C


4. A

5. C


6. A

7. B


8. A

9. B


10. C

11. C


12. B

13. C


14. A

15. B


16. A

MATCHING

17. B


18. D

19. E


20. C

21. A


22. C

23. D


24. B

25. A


26. E

27. B


28. C

29. E


30. D

31. A


32. A

33. E


34. D

35. C


36. B

SHORT ANSWER

37. The First Estate was made up of the clergy. The Second Estate was made up of the nobility. The Third Estate was made up of the bourgeoisie (or middle class) as well as peasants and city workers.

38. the moderate phase; the radical phase; the Directory; the Age of Napoleon

39. Answers may include five of the following: the revolution abolished the old social order and made all French men equal citizens; it instituted a new government; it brought the Church under state control; it changed fashion; it introduced nationalism; it made public education available; it encouraged religious toleration; and it promoted France as a secular nation instead of a religious one.

40. Main events in the rise of Napoleon: He won several victories against the Austrians and captured most of northern Italy; he helped overthrow the Directory and set himself up as First Consul; he declared himself emperor of the French; he defeated all the major powers, except for Britain. Main events in the fall of Napoleon: He lost his campaign against Russia, which led to his defeat by Russia, Britain, and Prussia; he abdicated.

41. to create a lasting European peace by establishing strong nations surrounding France and a balance of power and by protecting the system of monarchy



42. Answers will vary

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