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Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart was born in Atchison, Kansas on July 24, 1897. She and her younger sister came from a wealthy family and enjoyed a comfortable childhood. In those days, girls were not supposed to play the rough games that boys enjoyed, the Earharts let their daughters play whatever games they liked. The sisters enjoyed baseball, football and other sports. Amelia became known as the girl who was not afraid of anything.

When Earhart finished nursing school, she moved to California. One day, she went to an airplane show where pilots were doing tricks in the air. She got into one of the planes and took a ride. From that day on, all she wanted to do was fly.

Against her parent’s wishes, she took flying lessons and at age 25, she earned her pilot’s license. In 1922 she bought her own plane and set a women’s altitude record by flying at 14,000 feet. She went on to be the first woman to break several records.

On May 20-21, 1932, she flew across the Atlantic Ocean herself. She was the first woman to do it and the second person to do it. The first person was Charles Lindbergh.

On June 1, 1937, Earhart decided to fly around the world with a navigator named Frederick Noonan. They traveled 22,000 miles. However during the last 7,000 miles of the trip, their plane was lost in the Pacific Ocean. To this day, no plane has been found.

Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh was born on February 4, 1902 in Detroit Michigan. He saw his first airplane exhibition in 1912, when he was 10 years old. From then on, he was fascinated with planes. The Wright Brothers had made the first airplane flight just a few years earlier in 1903.

After high school, Lindbergh went to college, but he wasn’t interested in college. He heard about a flying school in Lincoln, Nebraska. Against his parent’s advice, he spent 6 weeks training and then went on tour around the country doing tricks and taking people for rides on his plane.

In 1921 a rich man from France offered a $25,000 prize to the first person to fly between New York and Paris, France. Lindbergh decided to do it alone. On May 19, 1927, his plane called the “Sprit of St. Louis” began its long trip to France. The weather was a big problem, but a bigger problem was staying awake. He sang songs, didn’t eat, and stamped his feet to stay awake. He landed safely in Paris.

After his famous flight, he tried to avoid the attention of the newspaper reporters and moved his family to England. He later worked for several airlines and helped build fighter planes.

He died peacefully in Hawaii on August 26, 1974

Crazy Horse
Crazy Horse was born in the Black Hills of Dakota Territory in 1841. His father was a medicine man in the Sioux Indian tribe. He became a skilled leader among other boys in the tribe.

When he was a child, white settlers began moving into the Black Hills where he lived. Fights broke out between the settlers and the Native Americans over the land. Things became worse when white soldiers also started to build forts and push the Indians off their land.

When gold was discovered in the Black Hills, the U.S. government sent soldiers to remove the Indians from their land so the settlers could mine the gold. Crazy Horse and another leader named Sitting Bull lead 1,000 warriors into battle against General Custer and his 225 men. Crazy Horse and his men won the battle, but the soldiers kept attacking. Eventually, the Sioux Indians surrendered. They tried to put Crazy Horse into jail, but he resisted and was stabbed buy a guard and died.

Today, in memory of Crazy Horse, a statue is being carved out of a mountain in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama in 1913. She and her brother went to a blacks-only segregated school. They did not have many books, desks, or supplies. Sometimes the schools did not have heat. Rosa had to leave high school to take care of her grandmother and mother when they became sick.

Rosa got a job working at a shirt factory and as a seamstress in a clothes store. One night while she was on her way home on a crowded bus, a white man got on the bus. The bus driver ordered her to give the seat to the white man. She refused and was arrested by the police. Black leaders decided to boycott, or stop riding, the buses. The boycott made the white people angry. Some black people were threatened, attacked and fired from their jobs. But the black leaders did not go back. Rosa Parks took her case to the Supreme Court of the U.S. Government. The Court declared that segregation on buses was against the law. A month later all blacks and whites sat together on the buses.

Rosa Parks has been called the “mother of the civil-rights movement” and has received many awards for her work.

Compare Paragraph Name_________________________________

Topic Sentence & Paragraph
__________ and ___________ have some things in common.

__________ and ___________ are alike in several ways.

__________ and ___________ are similar in many ways.
Comparison words:

  • alike, similar, comparable, analogous, related, in common

  • Some, several, many, various, in a number of, few


(1) Crazy Horse and Rosa Parks have some things in common. (2) First, both are minorities and have dark skin. (3) Specifically, Crazy Horse is a Native American and Rosa Parks is an African American. (4) Second, they are alike because they were forced to move by white people. (5) For example, Crazy Horse and his people were forced to move from their homes in the Black Hills by white settlers. Rosa Parks was forced out of her bus seat by a white man and a white bus driver. (6) Finally, they are comparable because they defended their rights. Specifically, Crazy Horse and his people fought against the U.S. government trying to take their land. Similarly, Rosa Parks fought with the U.S. Government to stop segregation against the black people.

Contrast Paragraph Name_________________________________

Topic Sentence & Paragraph
__________ and ___________ are unalike in various ways.

__________ and ___________ are different in a number of ways.

Comparison Introduction words:

  • Unalike, different, not the same, differ

  • Some, several, many, various, in a number of, few

Combining Contrasting Sentences:

  • On the other hand, however, in contrast, conversely, but, nevertheless


(1) Crazy Horse and Rosa Parks are different in a few ways. (2) First, they are from different time periods and locations. (3) Specifically, Crazy Horse was born in 1841 and lived in Dakota Territory. Rosa Parks was born in 1930 in Alabama. (4) Second, they did not fight their battles the same. (5) Crazy Horse led his people to war with the government and killed people. On the other hand, Rosa Parks helped her people peacefully boycott the buses and took the problem to the Supreme Court. (6) Finally, they differ in what happened to their people. Crazy Horse’s people eventually did lose their land and rights. However, Rosa Park’s people gained freedom and equality.

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