Globe: three-dimensional model of the Earth’s surface. *A globe is the best model of Earth, because is correctly shows the shapes and sizes of features on Earth
Map: flat model of Earth’s surface. The earliest known maps are more than 4000 years old, and were carved on clay tablets. They were used to record property lines and help build roads, canals, and towns.
Distortion: error in shape, size, or distance. Almost all maps have distortions, because it is difficult to copy large areas onto smaller models