Source: Cunha's Songbook Copyright 1898 by Hugo Schlam Hawaiian Music and Musiciansby George Kanahele, University Press of Hawaii, Kalakaua,Hawaii's Last King,Princess Kaiulani, Last Hope of Hawaii's Monarchyby Kristin Zambucka, Mana Publishing Co - Composed in 1874 by King David Kalakaua as a hymn to Kamehameha I, the melody was based on the Prussian hymn "Heil Dir Im Siegerkranz" which Berger re-wrote. It was first sung by the Kawaiaha'o Church Choir, on King Kalakaua's birthday, Nov. 16, 1874. The King made a state visi to Japan on March 4, 1881, and was received lavishly by Emperor Mutsuhito. Landing at the Bay of Yeddo, Yokohama, he was greeted by a Japanese military band playing his song. During the visit, Kalakaua proposed the marriage of his niece, 5-year-old Princess Kaiulani to Prince Yamashina Komatsu Sadamoro, the 15- year-old nephew of the emperor. The emperor replied that the prince was already betrothed. Upon Kalakaua's return to Hawaii, he received formal letters from Foreign Minister Inouye Kaoru and Prince Komatsu politely declining the offer of marriage to the Hawaiian princess. Thirteen years later, Jan 29, 1894, Queen Liliuokalani wrote to Princess Kaiulani asking the princess to marry and choose a suitable mate from Prince David Kawananakoa, Prince Jonah Kuhio or Prince Komatsu, the Japanese Prince. In a letter to the Queen, June 22, 1894, Princess Kaiulani rejected all three princes writing "I feel it would be wrong if I married a man I did not love. I should be perfectly unhappy, and we should not agree and instead of being an example to the married women of today, I should become like them, merely a woman of fashion and most likely to flirt". The Hawaii legislature proclaimed Hawaii Pono'i the state anthem in 1967.