Industrialization & Urban America Unit Guide Michigan Standards

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Industrialization &

Urban America

Unit Guide

Michigan Standards

6.1 Growth of an Industrial and Urban America
Explain the causes and consequences – both positive and negative – of the Industrial Revolution and America’s growth from a predominantly agricultural, commercial, and rural nation to a more industrial and urban nation between 1870 and 1930.

6.1.1 Factors in the American Industrial Revolution – Analyze the factors that enabled the United States to become a major industrial power, including:

gains from trade
• organizational “revolution” (corporations

& unions)

• advantages of physical geography
• immigration and migration
• economic polices of government
• technological advances

6.1.2 Labor’s Response to Industrial Growth – Evaluate the different responses of labor to industrial change including:

development of organized labor, including the Knights of

Labor, American Federation of Labor, and the United Mine

• southern and western farmers’ reactions, including the growth of populism and the populist movement

6.1.3 Urbanization – Analyze the changing urban and rural landscape by examining:

• the location and expansion of major urban centers
• the growth of cities linked by industry and trade
• the development of cities divided by race, ethnicity, class
• resulting tensions among and within groups
• different perspectives about urban immigrant experiences
Essential Question:

How did the Second Industrial Revolution impact and change the United States?

Big Picture - Focus Questions:

  1. How did the United States become a major industrial power?

  2. In what ways did labor respond to industrial growth?

  3. In what ways did cities change as they grew in size and population?

Unit Reflection Questions:

  • What area do you think your generation might revolutionize?

  • How did we do as a nation in advancing towards our ideals during this era?

Learning Targets

You will be able to:

  • Identify new industries that emerged at the end of the 1800’s and explain why the Second Industrial Revolution was important for the U.S.

  • Identify and explain the factors that enabled the U.S. to be transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution.

  • Identify major people and events of the Second Industrial Revolution.

  • Explain the impact of the revolution on business, workers, immigrants and the labor movement.

  • Discuss labors response to the working conditions of the Second Industrial Revolution.

  • Identify and discuss the impact of the Second Industrial Revolution on farmers and their response.

  • Explain how mass marketing changed life in the United States.

  • Identify and discuss role and impact of urbanization in the Second Industrial Revolution.

  • Identify and discuss the effects of the Second Industrial Revolution on the United States.

  • Compare and contrast the Second Industrial Revolution to today’s Technological Revolution

  • Discuss possible lessons learned from the Second Industrial Revolution we need to learn and apply today.

Industrialization Key Terms & People:

(You should be able to identify, use and explain the following key terms and people)

gross national product deflation John D. Rockefeller

laissez-faire industrial union Andrew Carnegie

entrepreneur lockout Samuel Gompers

land grant arbitration Eugene V. Debs

corporation injunction Alexander Graham Bell

economies of scale closed shop Thomas Alva Edison

monopoly capitalism (free enterprise) George Westinghouse

holding company vertical integration Gustavus Swift

trust horizontal integration AFL (American Federation of Labor)

Urban America Key Terms & People:

(You should be able to identify, use and explain the following key terms and people)

immigrant settlement house Jim Crow laws

nativism Americanization lynch

skyscraper populism Angel Island

tenement greenbacks Ellis Island

political machine inflation Jane Addams

party boss graduated income tax William McKinley

graft deflation Tammany Hall

individualism cooperatives William “Boss” Tweed

Social Darwinism poll tax Chinese Exclusion Act

Philanthropy segregation Immigration Act of 1882

Gospel of Wealth


& Urban America

Resources for learning content:

  • Reading, Questions & Reviews: Textbook – United States History & Geography – Modern Times – Chapter 3, Industrialization, pages 115-140 and Chapter 4, Urban America, pages 141-176. Answer keys are available for Chapter 3 and 4 Lesson Reviews and Chapter Reviews in order to formatively check your knowledge and understanding. ***Remember your online textbook has great graphic organizers for every section to help you organize your learning.

  • Lecture/Teaching:– There are 11 video teachings from for this unit—all can be found on the class website in the “Online Teachings” tab. ***(Remember you must use my “Online Teachings” tab to be able to access these teachings—you cannot select or advance teachings from the site.)

  • PowerPoint/Google Slides Presentations: This unit has two slideshow teachings available on the class website in the “Online Teachings” tab to help you learn the content and organize your learning.

  • Classroom Study Groups: Students can choose to work with a group of students to complete readings, reviews, etc.

  • Classroom Discussion Groups: Students can choose to work with a group of students to discuss, evaluate and analyze unit content and concepts. These groups should be dealing with higher level thinking skills—analysis, evaluation, etc.

  • Online Discussions: There will be a variety of discussions in the Collaboration-Discussion area of your Online Textbook/Planner site to help you increase your understanding of unit content and concepts

  • ME—YOUR TEACHER: Don’t forget to ask me questions, both about The American West or about strategies for learning; Especially if you need guidance setting up an effective plan to learn the material.

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