Influences on and impact of the U. S. Constitution



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INFLUENCES ON and IMPACT OF the U.S. CONSTITUTION

8.15A Identify the influence of ideas from historic documents, including the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, the Mayflower Compact, the Federalist Papers, and selected Anti-Federalist writings, on the U.S. system of government.

Historic Documents =>

Influence on U.S. System of Government

MAGNA CARTA – limited the power of the King

Constitution limits the power of the central government

ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS – listed individual rights

Model for the Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments to Constitution)

MAYFLOWER COMPACT – agreement written by Pilgrims in 1620

established the idea of self-government and majority rule

FEDERALIST PAPERS – supported ratification of the Constitution with a focus on the need for a strong central gov’t with restricted powers

Constitution provides for a strong central gov’t with separated powers and a system of checks and balances.

ANTI-FEDERALIST WRITINGS – opposed the Constitution because it lacked protection of individual rights.

When the Constitution was ratified, the first ten amendments (the Bill of Rights) were immediately added to protect those rights.




8.15C Identify colonial grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence and explain how those grievances were addressed in the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

Grievance in Declaration of Independence

Addressed in Constitution

Taxation without representation

All states have representation in Congress, which sets taxes

King has absolute power

Congress has the power to override Presidential veto

Colonists not allowed to speak out against the King

1st Amendment – freedom of Speech

Quartering Act forced colonists to house troops

3rd Amendment – no quartering of Troops

Allowed homes to be searched without warrants

4th Amendment – no unwarranted search and seizure

No trial by jury of peers

6th amendment –right to speedy public trial
7th Amendment – trial by jury




8.25A Trace the development of religious freedom in the United States.
DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN THE UNITED STATES

  • 1620-1691 – Plymouth Colony – self-governing church with each congregation independent and electing its own pastor and officers

  • 17th century – Massachusetts Bay Colony – churches also fairly democratic in that they elected ministers and other officials, but church closely tied with state government

  • 1631– Roger Williams founded Rhode Island. In 1636 separated church and state

  • 1632 – Maryland founded as haven for Catholics

  • 1681-1776 – Penn’s Frames of Government guaranteed religious freedom to all settlers in Pennsylvania

  • 1689Toleration Acts (Great Britain)

  • 1791 – U.S. Bill of Rights guaranteed freedom of religion and freedom from government interference

8.25C Analyze the impact of the First Amendment guarantees of religious freedom on the American way of life.
IMPACT OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT GUARANTEES OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ON THE AMERICAN WAY OF LIFE

  • Americans have the right to worship however they choose.

  • The government does not have the right to interfere with religious beliefs.

  • Sets up for official separation of church and state

8.21B Describe the importance of free speech and press in a constitutional republic.

THE IMPORTANCE OF FREE SPEECH AND PRESS IN A CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC

Freedom of speech and press allow for the protection of individual rights. Freedom to express information, ideas, and opinions that are free of government restrictions based on content.



8.26B Identify examples of American art, music, and literature that reflect society in different eras.
EXAMPLES OF AMERICAN ART, MUSIC, AND LITERATURE THAT REFLECT SOCIETY IN DIFFERENT ERAS

Writing the Constitution

  • Art – "Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States", by artist Howard Chandler Christy

  • Literature-- U.S. Constitution, Washington's papers, pamphlets


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