Describe the origins and development of slavery in the Virginia colony (as depicted in the class lecture)
The origins and developmentt of slavery in the Virginia colony start In 1619, when twenty Africans arrived in a slave trade, as indentured servants in Jamestown, Virginia. The increased importationn of tobacco by the English, made grow the slavery in tobacco plantation system, know " The cash Crop of Virginia colony", by 1638 Virginia was exporting 3 millions of Tobacco, by 1690s most of Virginia's slaves were being imported directly from Africa, but not only the African American people but the “natives” were first . The growing racism was one of the main and 170 The Virginia. In 1705 Virginia establish the Slave Code and 1720 African slaves made up 20% of the population of Virginia. This colony become, from a “society slaves” to be a “slave society”.
According to the film, We Shall Remain: After the Mayflower, why did Massasoit form an alliance with the English? Do you think this alliance benefited the Wampanoag? Explain (with consideration of the short-term and long-term consequences).
The Massasoit the main leader of the" Wampanoag", formed an alliance with the English as a means of survival, to survive against other tribes, because He lost a lot of people with the epidemics. He thought that the pilgrims looked easy people to handle and he can control the Pilgrims and make them allies. When he saw children, women and families in the English people, this makes him think as comfortable and safe people, a very different situation from other pilgrims. So he thought they will be very easy persons to live with.
I do think it was good alliances that benefit the Wampanoag at the beginning. The short term consequences made them build a new society, learn new techniques of living, healing , language, culture and the opportunity to obtain things that they really need and want from the English; powerful weapons would be an ally in case of an attack. This brought benefits and protection to the “The Wampanoag”. In the long term when Metacomet (the King Philip) became the tribe’s leader, the relations between them became very tense, having negative effects on the ways of his tribe and also taking the Indian lands but not honor their agreements, and this did not benefit to the Wampanoag.
According to the Film Slavery & the Making of America: The Downward Spiral, how did the origins and development of African slavery in Dutch New Amsterdam differ from the origins and development of African Slavery in the Carolinas? Explain.
The origin of the slavery in New Amsterdam started with 11 enslaved people (male) who were brought and controlled by the Dutch West Indian Company. New Amsterdam slavery was undefined, they did not know when or if freedom would come; there were no laws, no rules, no regulations, a difficult hard life. Later soon the slaves have the right to earn and keep wages, them They start to be part of the reform church and served in the military. They did build the fort to make New Amsterdam in a town. So New Amsterdam let them be free, known as half freedom or free Negro lots. The African American could have farm, own land but they had to pay a tribute to the company.
In contrast with The Carolina colony, this was a Slave society, it was a place to exploit fellows, and the more slaves you brought the more land you can own, so the slavery was encouraged. It was probably the most industrial form of slavery everybody can be rich with this system where every slave people had an assignment each day. They went to work in a 105 feet square. in mud and under the sun growing Rice, a very demanding master and women were forced to work as a the men. They have to work almost to death and if they die, the white people can go back to Africa and get some more and replaced them.
The sound of the pounding rice in Africa was a meaning of domesticity but the sound of pounding rice in South Carolina was the sound of exploitation. These things bring the first Stone Rebellion, a tragedy where many white people die and black people were punished and kill. Because of this the governing slavery made a code, The "black code" where restrict black people in every aspect of their live.
Olaudah Equiano Recalls the Horrors of the Middle Passage (1756) and Alexander Falconbridge’s The African Slave Trade (1788).
How does Olaudah Equiano’s description of the Middle Passage compare to Alexander Falconbridge’s description? Do you think these accounts served a similar purpose? Why or why not? Explain.
Olaudah Equiano’s description of the Middle Passage is basically his personal story as slave, when he was 11 years old. The story of what he lived as a slave brought from Africa. The Equiano story describes his fears, ignorance, frustrations and all the abuses toward and into other slaves too that it happens when he was coming in the slave ship, a view from a kid I will say.
Alexander Falconbridge’s description is a more deeply description but similar, because his story of how slave were brought in those ship as slave in very bad conditions and with a lot abuses towards them. His point view is a little different from Equiano just because he was adult when he lives and saw those things.
I do think that both accounts have very similar purpose, the purpose of tell to the world, what was the inhumanity treatments, experiences, abuses towards African people.