How did President Wilson respond to the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915?
By Demanding that Germany stop unrestricted submarine warfare.
In the Zimmerman note, what did Germany promise Mexico in return for its support during WWI?
Germany would help Mexico regain territory in the United States that they had lost over the years.
How did the U.S. government build the large fighting force it would need to enter WWI?
It established a national draft for young men aged 21 to 30. The act was called the Selective Service Act.
Why was the timing of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe crucial to the Allies?
The Russians had just signed a peace treaty with Germany and left the war. 5. What power did the Sedition Act give the federal government during WWI?
The power to fight dissent that could damage the war effort
6. On what grounds was Charles Schenck’s conviction for promoting draft resistance upheld as constitutional
in Schenck v. United States?
Free speech can be denied when a clear and present danger exists. You can not yell fire in a crowded theater and cause a panic.
According to President Wilson, how would the League of Nations maintain peace?
By providing collective security to handle any threats as they arose.
What was the ultimate fate of the Treaty of Versailles in the U.S.?
It was rejected by the United States Congress. The United States would eventually sign a separate peace treaty with Germany.
What event most influenced President Wilson’s decision to enter WWI?
The renewal of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany.
Did not want to be involved in future foreign wars. Although the military support would be voluntary, they felt it would take away the Congress right to declare war. They felt we would be forced to fight many more wars.
The major purpose of President Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918) was to
Set goals for achieving peace after WWI. To make it so the world would not enter into a war like WWI again. Also, to create new boundaries for countries/nations.
The U.S. found it difficult to remain neutral during WWI because:
The U.S. had a desire to maintain freedom of the seas. We wanted to still trade with European nations. Use the information shown in the boxes and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
Germany had to accept blame for causing the war in Europe.
Germany had to disarm and reduce its military forces and give up its colonies
Germany was required to pay war reparations to European nations
Which document imposed these punishments on Germany after WWI?
Treaty of Versailles
Why did Senator Henry Cabot Lodge oppose U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
He was concerned that the League decisions would involve the United States in more foreign wars.