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Name:______________________________________ Date:_________________ Period:______


CHINESE RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY

1. During the Zhou period thinkers wanted to restore _____________ & ________________ to China.

2. Confucius name was __________________________ they also called KONG FU ZI which means Great Teacher.

3. The first half of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty was called _______________________________.

4. Confucius felt that China was infested with _______________ & _____________ people. Upset with disorder he called for a return to _____________ & ______________ Values.

5. Confucianism is _______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________.

6. Confucius first set out to restore family order and social harmony by encouraging the following ideals.

A._____________________________________________________________________________

B._____________________________________________________________________________

C._____________________________________________________________________________

7. Confucius’s ideas about government were similar to his ideas about family.

A._____________________________________________________________________________

B._____________________________________________________________________________

C._____________________________________________________________________________

8. _______________________- is a collection of moral and ethical principles voiced by Confucius in conversations with his students.

9. Confucianism is a unique teaching that is both________________________&___________________.

10. Confucius believed that when people behaved _________and acted ________________, they were simply carrying out what heaven expected of them.

11. Today about ______ million people practice Confucianism worldwide.

12. The 3 Religions or Philosophies are:

A. Confucianism B. _______________________ C. ________________________

13. Daoism takes its name from Dao, meaning “____________________”.

Daoism stressed living in harmony with the Dao, the guiding force of all reality.

14. Daoist ethics emphasize the Three Jewels of the Dao:

A. ____________________________________________________________________________

B. ____________________________________________________________________________

C._____________________________________________________________________________

15. Instead Daoist wanted the _______________________ to maintain less control and really stay out of _______________________ lives.

16. Daoist believe that the Universe is a balance of ______________________________.

17. The ____________________________ is the symbol of Daoism.

18. One force________________________ and then it is ____________________ by the opposing force…this activity continues constantly and repeats itself over time.

19. The outer circle of the Yin-Yang represents everything in the ________________________ and the _________________________ itself. According to Daoist principles, the forces of everything in the universe are in constant ________________________.

20. Now the key deference between Confucianism focused its followers’ attention on the ___________________ world, Daoist paid more attention to the ______________________ world.

21. Who created Daoism? ________________________________________

22. What is Legalism? ___________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

23. Unlike the other two beliefs, Confucianism and Daoism, Legalism is a________________ philosophy without ___________________ concerns.

24. Legalism dealt only with _____________________ and ___________________ control.

25. Legalist also rejected Daoism because it did not stress respect for_________________________.

26. Legalist felt that society needed ___________________________ to keep people in line and that punishment should fit the crime.

27. Who was the greatest of China’s legalist philosophers? ___________________________________.

28. The 3 parts of Legalism:

A. ____________________________________________________________________________

B._____________________________________________________________________________

C._____________________________________________________________________________

29. The wanted to ___________________ officials to run China, not the ______________________ that have been previously controlling the country and _________________________ it.



30. However, both ancient and modern Confucian followers state that many _____________________ ideas have merged with mainstream Confucianism and still play a major role in government.

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