Pacing Guide ap european History 2011-2012 Social Studies Course of Study Course Description

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Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study
Course Description

This senior level social studies course is taught as a college level course. The study of European history since 1450 is studied. The class introduces students to the social, political, religious, intellectual, technological, cultural, and economic developments that played a fundament role in the shaping of the western world we live in. The students will develop an understanding of the principle themes in modern European history, an ability to analyze historical evidence and historical interpretations, and the ability to express historical understandings in writing. In May, students will be given the opportunity to take the AP Test that could result in earned college credit.

Prerequisite: Completion of the Student AP Information Packet
Credit: 1 Credit/1 Year

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study
TOPIC: (1 week)

  • AP Standard: Evaluate the end of the Middle Ages with its multiple plagues of war, disease, invasion, and general decadence.


  • The effects of: pestilence and strife, the Hundred Years’ War, the decline of the church.



  • Causes of Hundred Years’ War.

  • Causes of the Black Death.

  • The struggle between politics and

the papacy.

  • Social

  • Political

  • Intellectual

  • Religion

  • Technological

  • Economic

  • Cultural

  • Black Death

  • Hundred Years’ War

  • Joan of Arc

  • Avignon Papacy

  • John Wycliffe

  • Jan Huss

  • Estates General

  • Holy Roman Empire

  • Parliament


▪ Analyze the causes of the Hundred Years’ War and the relationship between the political, economic, and social factors in that conflict.

▪ Evaluate the dispute between Phillip IV and Pope Boniface VIII and explain how the Avignon Papacy came about.

Pacing Guide
TOPIC: (2 weeks)

  • AP Standard: Trace the economic and political developments as well as the literature and arts that led to the Renaissance.


  • The effects of: economic revival, politics and new princes, society in the Renaissance, Humanism in N. Italy, and the changes in literature and art.



  • Discuss the Renaissance causes.

  • Contrast the North and Italian Renaissance.

  • The effects of famous literary and artistic figures.

  • List the factors that led to the Voyages of Discovery.

  • List the causes of European exploitation.


▪ Humanism

▪ The Northern Renaissance

▪ Cosimo De Medici

▪ Petrarch

▪ Civic Humanism

▪ Da Vinci

▪ Charles VIII

▪ Pope Julius II

▪ Treaty of Bologna

▪ Machiavelli

▪ Ferdinand and Isabella

▪ The War of the Roses

▪ The Printing Press

▪ Erasmus

▪ Age of Exploration

▪ Aztecs and Cortez

▪ Incas and Pizarro

▪ Conquistadors

▪ Hacienda

▪ Encomienda


▪ Differentiate and discuss the social, economic, and political conditions that paved the

way for the reformation movement.

▪ Describe the types of goods imported into Europe during the 16th century and the effect it had on the European economy and culture.

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study
TOPIC: (2 weeks)

  • AP Standard: Summarize the Reformation and the development of the 16th century nation-state.


  • The effects of: The Lutheran Reformation, Calvinism and other movements, the Counter-Reformation, and the impact of the Jesuits.



  • Identify the problems in the church in the 15 century.

  • State the goals of the Counter-Reformation.

▪ Reformation

▪ Protestants

▪ Modern Devotion

▪ Indulgences

▪ Benefices

▪ Justification by Faith

▪ Martin Luther

▪ Charles V

▪ The Swiss Reformation

▪ Ulrich Zwingli

▪ Anabaptists

▪ John Calvin

▪ Calvinism

▪ The Diet of Augsburg

▪ The Peace of Augsburg

▪ The English Reformation

▪ Henry VIII

▪ Act of Supremacy

▪ The Counter-Reformation

▪ Ignatius of Loyola

▪ The Jesuits

  • Council of Trent


▪ Compare and contrast the English Reformation and the Lutheran Reformation.

▪ Judge to what extent the Counter Reformation affected the society, politics, and culture of Europe.

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study
TOPIC: (1 week)

  • AP Standard: Analyze 16th century nation-states and the age of religious warfare.


  • The effects of: nation-states in the 16th century, and warfare.



  • Recall the events of the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre.

  • List characteristics of the politiques.

  • Discuss the background of the Anglican Church.

  • List causes of the Thirty Years’ War.

  • Discuss the results of the Thirty Years’ War.

▪ Politiques

▪ Hugenots

▪ Guises

▪ Catherine De Medici

▪ St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

▪ Henry of Navarre

▪ Edict of Nantes

▪ Phillip II

▪ Cardinal Granvelle

▪ William of Orange

▪ Mary I

▪ Elizabeth I

▪ Presbyterians

▪ Congregationalists

▪ Mary Queen of Scots

▪ The Thirty Years’ War

▪ German Principalities

▪ The Treaty of Westphalia


▪ Evaluate the effects the religious wars had on the mentality and attitude of many Europeans.

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study
TOPIC: (1 week)

  • AP Standard: Discuss the emergence of constitutional Monarchy in England in the 17th century


  • The effects of: the policies of Stuart England, religious and political opposition, Oliver Cromwell, the Glorious Revolution, and William and Mary.



  • Know the conflict between parliament and the king over taxation.

  • List the progress of parliament’s supremacy over the monarchy.

  • Describe the products of the Glorious Revolution.

▪ Parliamentary Monarchy


▪ James I

▪ Puritans

▪ Charles I

▪ The Long Parliament

▪ Ship Money

▪ Cavaliers

▪ Roundheads

▪ Book of Common Prayer

▪ Oliver Cromwell

▪ Charles II

▪ James II

▪ Glorious Revolution


▪ Analyze and discuss the extent to which the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution contributed to the rise of constitutionalism in England.

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study

TOPIC: (1 week)

  • AP Standard: Summarize the Age of absolute Monarchy in France in the 17th century.


  • The effects of: French absolutism, Henry IV., Sully, Louis XIII., and Richelieu.



  • Discuss the establishment of an absolute monarchy in France.

  • List of the religious policies of Louis XIV.

  • Describe the wars of Louis XIV.

▪ Absolute monarchy

▪ Louis XIV

▪ Intendants

▪ Corvee

▪ Louis XIII

▪ Richelieu

▪ Fronde

▪ Divine Right

▪ Versailles

▪ Parliaments

▪ Mercantilism

▪ Jansenism


▪ The War of Devolution

▪ The League of Augsburg

▪ War of Spanish Succession


▪ Explain the concept of the divine right of kings.

▪ Summarize the positives and negatives of the reign of Louis XIV.

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study

TOPIC: (2 weeks)

  • AP Standard: examine the Scientific Revolution with new developments in political thought, economics, religion, and philosophy.


  • The effects of: the emphasis on natural science, new theories and discoveries, Newton’s theory of gravity, Bacon’s empiricism.



  • New theories and the emergence of the scientific world view.

  • The philosophical foundations of modern thought.

▪ Scientific Revolution

* The Starry Messenger

* Pensees

▪ Ptolemaic Systems

▪ Copernicus

▪ Tycho Brahe

▪ Johannes Kepler

▪ Galileo Galilei

▪ Isaac Newton

▪ Francis Bacon

▪ Empiricism

▪ Rene Descartes

▪ Rational Deduction

▪ Thomas Hobbes *Maria Winkelmann

▪ John Locke *William Harvey

▪ Blaise Pascal *Royal Academy of Sciences


▪ “The scientific revolution was not a revolution in science, but rather was a revolution in thought.” Assess the validity of this statement using specific examples to support your answer.

Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study
TOPIC: (2 weeks)

  • AP Standard: summarize the enlightenment mentality in politics, economics, and social thought throughout Europe in the 18th century.


    • The effects of: the role of the Philosophes, Voltaire’s critiques, and enlightened absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe.



  • The intellectual and social background of the enlightenment.

  • The philosophies agenda of intellectual and political reform.

  • Central and eastern Europe’s enlightened monarchs.

▪ The Philosophies

▪ Voltaire

▪ Encyclopedia

▪ Deism

▪ Tolerance

▪ Adam Smith

▪ David Hume

▪ Montesquieu

▪ Rousseau *Pietism

▪ Enlightened * W.A. Mozart

▪ Absolutism *J.S. Bach

▪ Frederick II of Prussia *Balthasar Neumann

▪ Joseph II of Austria *Emile

▪ Catherine II of Russia *Jean Calas

▪ The Partition of Poland *Tom Jones


▪ Analyze and discuss the extent in which humanism had an effect on thinkers of the enlightenment.

▪ “The enlightenment presented an optimistic outlook of the future of Europe.” Assess the validity of this statement using specific examples to support your answer.
Pacing Guide
AP European History


Social Studies Course of Study

TOPIC: (1 1/2 week)

  • AP Standard: trace the development of European empires and colonial rebellion in 18th century Europe.


  • The effects of: the global impact of imperialism and mercantilism, revolts in the Americas.



  • Europe’s mercantilist empires.

  • Spain’s vast empire in the Americas.

  • The wars in the 18th century in Europe and in the colonies.

  • Independence for Britain’s North American colonies.

  • Mercantilism

  • The Seven Years War

  • William Pitt the Elder

  • George III

  • Pocket borough

  • Robert Walpole

  • Junkers

  • Frederick the Great

  • Joseph II of Austria

  • Emelyan Pugachev

  • Louis XV

  • Empress Maria Theresa

  • War of Austrian Succession

  • Treaty of Paris

  • Jethro Tull

  • Richard Arkwright


  • Explain why Europe sought colonies in the 18th century.

  • Outline the affect of mercantilist policies in Holland, Spain, England, and France during the 18th century.

  • Explain the reasons for the War of Austrian Succession and how it reflected international relations on the European continent.

  • Compare and contrast the lives of peasants, the nobility and town/city dwellers during the century.

Pacing Guide
TOPIC: (1 1/2 weeks)

  • AP Standard: discuss the causes, stages, and effects of the French Revolution.


  • The effects of: the social and economic problems of the various classes, key figures in the political crisis, Revolution and foreign wars.



  • The financial problems of the monarchy.

  • The transformation of the Estates General and reconstruction of French ecclesiastical and political institutions.

  • The second revolution, the end of the monarchy, and radical reform.

  • The war between France and the rest of Europe.

  • The establishment of the directory.

▪ Louis XVI

▪ The Estates General

▪ Bourgeoisie

▪ Aristocracy

▪ Cahiers De DoLeances

▪ The Tennis Court Oath

▪ Fall of the Bastille

▪ Great Fear

▪ National Constituent Assembly

▪ Declaration of the Rights of Man

▪ Active and Passive Citizens

▪ Civil Constitution of the Clergy

▪ Emigres

▪ Sans-Culottes

▪ Mountain

▪ Girondists

▪ Jacobins

Edmund Burke

▪ The Reign of Terror

▪ Committee of Public Safety

▪ Maxmilien Robespierre

▪ Levee En Masse

▪ Thermidorian Reaction

▪ The Directory


▪ Distinguish the different social groups in France and their concerns and goals on the eve of the French Revolution.

▪ Describe the stages of the revolution and determine the roles of the key figures throughout the revolution.

TOPIC: (1 week)

  • AP Standard: Evaluate the Industrial Revolution in 18th century Europe with the origin in England.


  • The effects of: the shift from guild labor to cottage industry, the English cotton textile industry, steam power, and the availability of labor and raw materials in England.



  • The transformation of Europe’s economy from agriculture to industry.

  • The social problems that stemmed from urban growth.

  • The strains on the old regime brought about by social change.

▪ Industrial Revolution

▪ Textiles

▪ Spinning Jenny

▪ Water Frame

▪ Steam Engine

▪ Urbanization

▪ Urban Classes

▪ Upper Classes

▪ Middle Classes

▪ Lower Classes

▪ Jewish Ghetto’s

  • Capital

  • Edmund Cartwright

  • The Rocket

  • Great Exhibition

  • Great Famine aka Great Hunger

  • Edwin Chadwick

  • James Watt

  • Puddling

  • Friedrich List

  • Factory Acts

  • Luddites

  • Charles Dickens

  • The People's Charter


▪ Summarize the positive and negative consequences of the industrial revolution, including its affect on the lives of women and children.

* Explain why Britain was the first nation to be industrialized and how it was accomplished.

* Trace the spread of the industrial revolution onto the continent of Europe and to the United States and how it differed from country to country.

* Describe the effect of industrialization had on class structures and the new ways of life for each of the classes.

TOPIC: (2 weeks)

  • AP Standard: Recognize the conservative order and the challenge of reform.

  • AP Standard: Discuss revolution and reaction in the mid 19th century.


  • The effects of: the challenges of liberalism and conservatism in Europe in the 19th century.

  • The effects of: the Congress of Vienna, the motives of Metternich, 1848: the year of revolutions.



  • The challenge of nationalism and liberalism to the conservative order.

  • The domestic and international politics of the conservative order.

  • The revolutions of 1830 on the continent.

  • The Revolutions of 1848

  1. ▪ Conservative

  2. ▪ Liberal

  3. ▪ Nationalism

  4. ▪ Quadruple Alliance

  5. ▪ Jose de San MArtin

  6. ▪ Peterloo and the Six Acts

  7. ▪ Bourbon Restoration

  8. ▪ Corn Laws

  9. ▪ Poor Laws

  10. ▪ The Charter

  11. ▪ Prince Klemens von Metternich

  12. ▪ Concert of Europe

  13. ▪ Congress System

  14. ▪ Spanish Revolution of 1820

  15. ▪ Greek Revolution of 1821

  16. ▪ Latin American Wars of Independence

  17. ▪ Toussaint L’Ouverture

  18. ▪ Simon Bolivar

  19. ▪ Decembrist Revolt

  20. ▪ Great Reform Bill of 1832

  21. Schutzmannschaft

  22. Johann Goethe

  23. Edgar Allen Poe

  24. Romanticism

  25. Percy Shelly

  26. Eugene Delacroix

  27. Gothic literature


▪ Using specific examples, contrast the ideologies of liberalism, conservatism, and nationalism during the 19th century.

▪ Analyze and discuss the political situation in Europe prior to 1848 that led to the revolution of 1848.

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