Page of Created by Dan Moorhouse



Download 71.11 Kb.
Date20.05.2016
Size71.11 Kb.
#60863


Page of

Created by Dan Moorhouse


GCSE Scheme of Work

Germany 1919-1945

7.3.4 Germany 1919-1945


This Study in Depth focuses on the causes of the development of

totalitarianism and its impact in Germany in the period 1919 - 1945. The study

requires investigation of developments and conditions in Weimar Germany as

a basis for explaining the rise to power of Hitler and as an evaluation of the

contemporary appeal and impact of National Socialism. It also requires an

understanding of the reactions of individual people and groups to

developments within Germany in the period.
This study does not require detailed coverage of the events of World

War Two but the continuing development of pre-war trends within

Germany should be drawn upon to indicate the nature and impact of

totalitarianism.


People and events
Reasons for the failure of Weimar Germany.
The nature of Weimar democracy.
Revolts, rebellions and opposition to Weimar, 1919 - 1923. The

Munich Putsch, 1923.

Gustav Stresemann and Weimar successes, 1923 - 1929.

Political instability, 1929 - 1933.


The reasons for Hitler's rise to power.

The origins and appeal of National Socialism, 1919 - 1933.

Emergence as a mass party, 1928 - 1930.

The struggle for power, 1930 - 1933.

The creation of the one-party state; the Reichstag Fire, 1933, the

Enabling Law, the Night of the Long Knives, 1934; the removal of

military and political opposition.
The Nazis consolidation of power.

The nature of the totalitarian state; the abolition of press freedom,

individual liberties and trade unions.

The nature of continuing opposition and resistance within the Third

Reich.

The role of post-war economic conditions in bringing Hitler to power.

Post-war economic conditions as a cause of discontent. National and

international economic problems in the 1920s, their impact and contribution to

the rise of National Socialism.
The German economy under the Nazis.

The development of the economy and employment patterns in the

1930s. Economic planning; preparation for war.

The response of the German people to economic changes in the

1930s.

Changes to German society under the Nazis.

The interaction of different groups in German society in the 1920s.

Nazism as social revolution, the impact of the regime on different

social classes.

Changes in the attitudes to the role of women in German society

1933 - 1945.


The importance of Nazi ideas on race and religion. Racism in the Nazi state. The belief in Aryan supremacy and the master race, the treatment of minority groups in society. The persecution of the Jews.

Reactions in Germany to these developments from different individuals and groups.

Nazi attitudes towards religion and responses to them within Germany.
The success of the Nazis in influencing German youth.

The appeal of Nazism to young people. Its role in National

Socialism. Youth movements in Nazi Germany.

Education in Germany as an instrument of propaganda.


The cultural changes brought about by the Nazis.

The cultural climate of Weimar Germany as represented in the arts

and entertainment 1919 - 1933.

The effects of the Nazi regime on the cultural climate of Germany

1933 - 1945.
The success of Nazi propaganda.

The role of Nazi propaganda in sports, leisure, the media, entertainment and the arts.


The role and importance of Hitler in the development of the Nazi party 1919 - 1933. The role and responsibility of Hitler in the development and actions of the totalitarian state 1933 - 1945. The cult of the Fuhrer.

The leadership of the Nazis, including Joseph Goebbels, Herman Goerring, Heinrich Himmler, Rudolf Hess.



Teaching Guide



Unit 1: Weimar Germany

Week 1 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question: How did Germany become a republic?

How much of a threat to the republic were the Spartacists?



Learning Outcomes

Understand what a Republic is and to see how Germany changed in 1919. Also to understand the Spartacist threat.



Method

Watch Video on WW1 and Versailles. Students make notes as they watch. Discuss diagram on page 6 of Heineman (H) and answer questions 1+2.



Resources

Heineman Text Book, TV, Video, Video on WW1/ Versailles.



Homework

Complete the questions, work on the biography of Rosa Luxembourg and resource sheet 1.

Add Spartacist to glossary.

Unit 1: Weimar Germany

Week 1 Lesson 2 (Single)


Key Question: How was Weimar Germany governed?
Learning Outcomes:
Understand how Weimar was governed and understand the meaning of the following words: Reichsweher, judiciary, Civil Service and Coalitions.

Teaching method

Read through page 7 (Heineman). Discuss the way in which Weimar Germany was governed. Can the students see any strengths/ weaknesses in this form of government?


Answer questions on the system of government.

Resources

Heineman page 7.



Homework

Add the words: Reichsweher, judiciary, Civil Service and Coalition to the glossary provide for them.



Unit: Weimar Germany




Week 2 Lesson 1 (Double)



Key Question: Who supported Weimar Germany?
Learning Outcomes:
Understand where the support came from and understand the nature of Germany’s many political parties.

Teaching method

Read the Data on pages 8/9. Complete Chart 1 and draw a bar chart of the results.

Answer question 3 from the book then move on to resource sheet 3.

Resources

Heineman p8/9.

Resource Sheet 2.

Homework

Complete resource sheet 2 at home and do work on the map of Germany using page 10 of the text book.



Unit: Weimar Germany

Week 2 Lesson 2 (Single)


Key Question: How did the Allies treat Germany in 1919?

Learning Outcomes

Understand the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and recognise the reasons for it being resented in Germany.



Teaching method

Group work. Split the class into groups. One group to represent: Britain, USA, France and Germany. Give each group a pack containing brief details of how they were affected in the war and what they believed the result of the armistice was (i.e. victory from the Allies point of view and cease fire from the German point of view). Provide each group with a brief as to what they are expected to get for their country from the peace talks. Give the students 15 minutes to discuss these aims.

Present the aims of each group to the class. Are they compatible? (They shouldn’t be)

Ask the class to then debate which of the groups is going to lose out. (Should be the group that represents Germany). Which country would that have been and why are they going to lose out?

How would the people living in that country have felt after the peace talks and why would they have felt this way?

Resources

Materials for the groups to use.



Homework

What was the German reaction to the Treaty of Versailles and why did they feel this way?



Unit: Weimar Germany

Week 3 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question: How was Germany affected by the crises of the 1920’s?

Learning Outcomes

Understand what hyperinflation is and its consequences and understand the reasons for the Munich and Kapp Putsch.



Teaching method

Read through pages 11-13.

Discuss what hyperinflation is. Add this to the students glossary.

Write a paragraph to explain what happened in each Putsch.

Draw a graph to illustrate the evidence in Source F.

Explain why each of these (things mentioned in Source F) was a problem for Germany.



Resources

Heineman pages 11-13.



Homework

Create a biography of Gustav Streseman using the information on page 15 of the text book.



Unit: Weimar Germany

Week3 Lesson 2 (Single)


Key Question: How important was Gustav Streseman in the recovery of Weimar Germany?

Learning Outcomes

Understand Streseman’s role and the increased help of the International Community with the League of nations, Locarno and the Dawes plan.



Teaching method

Read pages 14-15. Using foundation resource sheet 3 Copy and complete the chart.



Resources

Heineman pages 14-15. Foundation Resource Sheet 3.



Homework

Add Dawes Plan, Locarno and League of nations to glossary.



Unit: Weimar Germany

Week 4 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question: Why did crisis return to Germany between 1929 and 1933?

Learning Outcomes

Understand why crisis hit Germany in 1929 and recognise the rise in unemployment.



Teaching method

Read pages 18-20. Write a paragraph explaining the impact that Economic Crisis, political Crisis and dictatorship had on Germany.


Draw a graph demonstrating the levels of unemployment in Germany at this time.
Answer question 3 (page 20).

Resources

Heineman pages 18-20



Homework

Add to the glossary: economic crisis, political crisis and dictatorship. Provide one example of each from the period.


Complete revision chart.

Unit: Weimar Germany

Week 4 Lesson 2


Key Question: What were the Ups and Downs of Weimar Germany?

Learning Outcomes

Understand and sequence events of Weimar Germany.



Teaching method

Students to put the events from the OHT into the correct order and match the dates of the events to them. For more able students ask them to name a person of significance to the event.


Answer question 3 from the text book when this is completed.

Resources

OHP


Transparency with dates/ events/ personalities on it.

Heineman


Homework: History Quiz sheet 1


Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 5 Lesson 1 (Double)
Key Question: How does Hitler gain power?

Learning Outcomes

Understand the reasons for Hitler gaining power and the methods used.



Teaching method

Watch ‘Road to power’ and take notes whilst watching it.


Answer questions using the notes made and the text book:


  1. What was the original name of the Nazi party?

  2. When did Hitler join it?

  3. What was Hitler’s main talent?

  4. What does the word nazi mean?

  5. Describe Hitler’s qualities as a public speaker.

  6. What was the SA?

  7. Why did men join the SA?

  8. What was the job of the SA?

  9. Describe the events that occurred in Munich in 1923.

  10. Explain the reasons for Hitler’s putsch.



Resources

VCR


‘Road to Power’ Video (Volume 5 Hitler’s Third Reich Series) DM COPY

Heineman


Homework

Add Nazi, SA and Putsch to glossary.


Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 5 Lesson 2
Key Question: What were the aims of the 1923 Putsch in Munich?

Learning Outcomes

Understand Hitler’s aims in 923 and the results of the Putsch.



Teaching method

Read page 26 and answer questions 2-5.



Resources

Heineman


Homework




History Quiz sheet 2



Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 6 Lesson 1 (Double)
Key Question: What were Hitler’s beliefs and ideas?

Learning Outcomes

Understand Hitler’s views on Anti-Semitism, Aryans etc.



Teaching method

Demonstrate selectivity of Anti-Semitism by withdrawing all students with blonde hair (or viable alternative).

Read source C (page 28) and discuss.

Add Anti-Semitic, Aryan and Social Darwinism to the glossary.



Resources

Heineman page 28.



Homework

History Quiz sheet 3



Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 6 Lesson 2

Key Question




Learning Outcomes

Understand threats to his leadership and his ability to change plan.



Teaching method

Read p30-31 Answer Q's and draw graph of Seats won. See SOW sheet for method.


Questions

  1. After 1923 what did Hitler learn about his desire for power?

  2. What was a Gauleiter?

  3. Which two men posed the biggest threat to Hitler in 1926 and why?

  4. Using the data on pages 30-31 draw and complete this table


Nazi Successful Nazi Unsuccessful







  1. Why did the nazi’s lose seats between 1924 and 1928?



Resources

Heineman


Homework

Add Gauleiter to glossary.


Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 7 Lesson 1 (Double)

Key Question



Learning Outcomes
Understand the appeal of Hitler and see why people voted for him.
Teaching method
Discuss the appeal of Hitler, recap on the problems faced by Germany and ask how Hitler suggested he might solve them.

Complete the diagrams below.





Resources

OHP


Transparency with outline of above on it

Heineman


Homework

History Quiz sheet 4



Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 7 Lesson 2

Key Question: Why did Hitler gain power?




Learning Outcomes

Re emphasise the rise to power.



Teaching method

Glue a copy of Summary (38) into books. Read p37 and answer 1-3 page 39.



Resources

Summary of page 38.

Heineman

Glue


Homework

Revision chart: Hitler’s rise to power (1)


Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 8 Lesson 1 (Double)
Key Question: How did Hitler take complete control?


Learning Outcomes

Understand how he won 1933 election, how he gained the seats he needed, and what were the consequences of Night of Long Knives.



Teaching method

Draw bar graph seats won by parties-comment on these.

Read Pages 40-1 & describe how Hitler was able to declare the Enabling Act in 1933.

Read 1)42 +Q's on Night Of The Long Knives.

Watch video Life in Nazi Germany Video.

Resources

VCR


Video ‘Night of the Long Knives.’

Heineman


Homework

Using page 42 create a Biography of Ernst Rohm.


Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 8 Lesson 2
Key Question: How did Germany succumb to dictatorship?

Learning Outcomes

Understand & show differences between Democracy & Dictatorship and show how Germany slid to Dictatorship.



Teaching method

Put dates on board and get pupils to complete timeline.

30 January 1933

27 February 1933

5 March 1933

24 March 1933

14 July 1933

30 June 1933

2 August 1933
Work with Students to create a spider diagram of dictatorship/ democracy.

Resources

Dates on OHT

Heineman

Spider Diagram materials.



Homework

Complete the tasks at home.



Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 9 Lesson 1 (Double)
Key Question; How did the Nazis control the people?

Learning Outcomes

Understand terms propaganda + terror and show how Nazis controlled the Germans.



Teaching method

Read pages 44-6 and answer Q's in book.

Watch video on Terror.

Resources

Heineman


VCR

Video on terror used by Nazi’s.



Homework




History Quiz sheet 5



Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 9 Lesson 2
Key Question: What is propaganda?

Learning Outcomes


Understand what Propaganda is and how it is used.



Teaching method

Use the text book, the posters on display in the room, video clips and radio clips to demonstrate what Propaganda is and how it was used in Nazi Germany.

Students answer questions:


  1. What is propaganda?

  2. What forms of propaganda did the Nazi’s use?

  3. What effect did the propaganda have on the people?

  4. Why was the Propaganda so successful?



Resources

VCR


Video Clips of Hitler at Nuremberg rallies

Posters


Radio Sound clips

Homework

Add propaganda to glossary.

Complete a Biography of Goebbels.
Unit: Hitler’s rise to Power.
Week 10 Lesson 1 (Double)
Key Question: Was there any opposition to Hitler?

Learning Outcomes

Understand opposition to Hitler & how it was treated.



Teaching method

Read pages 48-51 and then complete tasks on worksheet.

Watch video on Opposition to Hitler make notes, then answer Question Ib +2 on p51.

Resources

VCR


Video on opposition to Hitler

Heineman


Worksheets

Homework




History Quiz sheet 6




Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 10 Lesson 2


Key Question: What was Nazi view of Racism?

Learning Outcomes

Understand Racism and Nazi views.



Teaching method

Read through pages 52-55 of Heineman. Discuss and answer questions in text book.


Use source material to supplement this for the more able students.

Provide framework for lower attainers to work within.



Resources


Heineman

Source materials on Nazi race hatred.

Writing frame

Homework




History Quiz sheet 7




Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 11 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question How did Hitler change Germany's economy?

Learning Outcomes

Understand that many Germans gained from Nazism and tackle statistics in History.



Teaching method

Read pages 60-61 Heineman.

Answer these questions.


  1. What were Hitler’s ideas about rearming?

  2. What is Blitzkrieg and what happens?

  3. What is Lebensraum?

  4. What was Hitler trying to avoid?

  5. Describe the 4-year plan.

  6. What were the results of these plans?

  7. Answer questions 1+2 from page 61.

  8. Complete a biography of Goerring.

  9. Draw a graph to illustrate sources C+D. Explain what they show.



Resources

Heineman


Homework




Complete tasks at home. Put the words, Lebensraum, Blitzkrieg and rearmament into glossary.




Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 11 Lesson 2


Key Question Did the people benefit from Nazi policy?

Learning Outcomes

Understand the benefits of life in Nazi Germany.



Teaching method

Read through pages 64-66 Heineman. Discuss and answer questions on worksheet.



Resources

Heineman


Worksheet on Prosperity in pre-war nazi Germany.

Homework

Source based tasks on Economic prosperity in Nazi Germany.




Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 12 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question What was it like to be young in Nazi Germany?

Learning Outcomes

What was it like to be boys + Girls - and what they did in Germany.



Teaching method

Watch video on Hitler Youth and make notes on it. Discuss why Hitler wanted this kind of organisation and who might not have been a part of it. Read through page 70 and answer questions 1-3.



Resources

VCR


Video: Hitler Youth

Heineman


Homework

Worksheet on life in nazi Germany for children.

Add Hitler Youth to Glossary

Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 12 Lesson 2


Key Question What was the role of women in Nazi Germany

Learning Outcomes

Understand women's roles and illustrate knowledge.



Teaching method

Read through pages 71-72 Heineman. Discuss and answer questions from worksheet.



Resources

Heineman


Worksheets

Homework




Complete revision chart on life in Hitler’s Germany




Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 13 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question How were minorities treated in NG?

Learning Outcomes

Understand that not only Jews were persecuted and see results.



Teaching method

IF POSSIBLE: Use Internet to research the ways in which nazi Germany treated minorities.


If not: watch video on the persecution of the Jews. Make notes then read through pages 73-75 Heineman and answer the questions.

Resources

Internet facility

Worksheets for use with Internet

OR

VCR

Tape on nazi Persecution of Jews

Heineman

Homework

Complete tasks on sheet.

Add Persecution, Kristallnacht and master-race to glossary.

Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 13 Lesson 2


Key Question How did Nazis portray Hitler

Learning Outcomes

Understand what picture Hitler painted of himself.



Teaching method

Use pictures and elements of propaganda to demonstrate how Hitler was portrayed to the people of Germany.


Read pages 76-77 Heineman and answer questions:


  1. Who were the three great figures from German History?

  2. What was Hitler’s advantage?

  3. How did people react to Hitler?

  4. What did Hitler promise to do for Germany?



Resources

Pictures of Hitler

Source material relating to Hitler’s image

Heineman


Homework

Complete revision chart on Hitler’s Germany.



Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 14 Lesson 1 (Double)


Key Question What was the Nazi experience of war?

Learning Outcomes

Understand what the Impact of World War2 was on Germany.



Teaching method

Watch the video ‘The Second World War in colour part two’.

Ask students to make notes on the way in which Nazi Germany reacted to the change in their fortunes at war.

Read through pages 80-82 Heineman and answer questions 1-3 in detail.



Resources

VCR


Video: The Second World War in Colour.

Heineman


Homework




History Quiz sheet 8




Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany

Week 14 Lesson 2



Key Question: What was the Holocaust?




Learning Outcomes

Understand what the Holocaust was and question why it happened.



Teaching method

Read through pages 83-85 of Heineman. Answer questions on worksheet.



Resources

Heineman


Worksheet on the Holocaust

Homework

Source based activity on the Final Solution.


Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany
Week 15 Lesson 1 (Double)

Learning Outcomes

Understand what the Holocaust was and question why it happened.



Teaching method

Watch Schindler’s list.

Ask students to make notes as they watch the film and to think about the reliability of such evidence.

Resources

VCR


Video: Schindler’s List

Homework

Activities based on Schindler’s list.


Unit: Life in Hitler’s Germany
Week 15 Lesson 2

Learning Outcomes

Understand what the Holocaust was and question why it happened.



Teaching method

Visit the Simon Weisenthal trusts web site and look at the source material on the Holocaust. Look at the evidence from the Nuremberg trials.


Students answer a series of questions based on the web site.

Resources

Internet Access.



Activity sheet.

Homework



Revision chart on Holocaust.

Download 71.11 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©www.essaydocs.org 2023
send message

    Main page