Pre ap world I final Exam Study Guide
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COMPARE and CONTRAST VENN DIAGRAMS: 10 bullet points in each section Judaism CHRISTIANITY
World I Final Exam Study Guide
The time when people stopped being nomads and switched to farming is known as the ____neolithic____ Revolution.
1/3 of Western European population died during the middle ages because of the __black death________
Your pilgrimage to Mecca as an Muslim is known as the ___Hajj______
The main religion of Japan=_____Shinto________
The founder of Islam, ____Muhammad_________, was born in ___Mecca_______.
Goods such as porcelain and silk would come from the country of _China__________.
The FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM are:
Fast during Ramadan_________________________________
Pray 5 times a day________________________________________
Give money to poor_______________________________________
Hajj – Pilgrimage to Mecca________________________________________
Monotheism - ____One God_____ Polytheism - ___Many gods___________
The Great wall of china_________ was built by emperor ____Qin Shi Huangdi_________ to keep out invaders, especially the Huns.
Famous artists during the renaissance - ___Leonardo Da Vinci_________ and_____Michelangelo________
The _Cyrillic___ alphabet was created so the Slavic people or Russia could read the Bible
The ____Dome____ of the Rock is located in __Jerusalem______________
Muslims face mecca when they ___Pray____ 5 times a day
Zoroaster was the religious prophet for the ___Persian________ empire
__Joan___ of _Arc____ was a French peasant girl who helped
them defeat the English
Islam - __Koran_____
Christianity - ___Bible_______
Hinduism - __Vedas__________
Judaism - __Torah________
Battle of Tours stopped the spread of the ___Muslims_____
Vassals would give land to the ____Knights_____ in return for protection
Filial piety is Confucius’ thoughts on respecting your __Elders_____
Guttenberg is known for inventing the __Printing Press_______________
Imperial bureaucracy and tolerance was stressed by the Persian king ___Cyrus____
Granting land in return for loyalty is the __Feudal_____ system
Famous Byzantine church - ___Hagia Sophia______________
Old stone age people got food by ___Hunting_________ and _____Gathering_______
Old Stone Age is also known as the _Paleolithic_________ Age
Caste System is the social structure of the __Hindu______ religion
Peasants of the Middle Ages - ___Serfs_________
_Gold____ and __Salt____ were the major trade goods of Ghana and Mali
A plot of land in the middle ages was known as a __fief__
The Peloponnesian war was fought between _____sparta____ and ______Athens_________, with the winner being ____Sparta______.
Athens, Sparta, Troy are all considered __City____-__States____ of Greece
________Alexander__________ the Great Ruled from Greece
to the Indus River Valley
In a _____Direct________ democracy all the people rule
When a few powerful people rule, like in Sparta, its called a ____Oligarchy________.
King or queen rule - ___Monarchy________
Pericles ruled during the _Golden___ age of Athens
Walk on two feet - ______Hominids_______, earliest one found on the continent of __Africa______
__Paul___ was known for spreading Christianity all over the Roman Empire
Mythical founders of Rome - ____Romulus________ and __________Remus_____________
Emperor who divided the Roman Empire - __________Diocletian____________
river ran through Rome
First Emperor of Rome - _______Augustus____________________
The 12 followers of Jesus were his ________apostles/disciples___________________
Leader of Rome- _________Scipio______________
Leader of Carthage- ______Hannibal___________________
Lower class - _____Plebians___________________
Upper Class - ________Patricians_______________________
A promise between god and man was a _____Covenant_______________________
Four noble truths are important to religion of __Buddhism______________________________ and are :
________life is full of suffering_____________________
________suffering caused by desires___________________
_________get rid of suffering you must get rid of desires_____________
____follow the eightfold path to enlightenment_________
The founder of Buddhism that reached enlightenment was __Siddhartha Gautama____________________________
Famous Sports of the Minoans are__boxing___, ______wrestling________ and _bull leaping_________
The religion that developed in the Byzantine Empire was ___eastern orthodox__________________ and the empires capital was known as ___________Constantinople_______________
A Russian emperor took the title of __Czar____ to relate to the great Roman Empire
List three characteristics of the Phoenician Empire:
What four areas gave way to Early River Valley Civilizations?
Explain the concept of the Indian Caste System:
Cant move up during your life, only through reincarnation. Created by aryans
Four Facts about Buddhism:
Spread to rest Asia
Both Hinduism and Buddhism share the idea of reaching full ___enlihtenment____________________
The conqueror of the Persian Empire was ____Alexander________ the ____Great________.
What was the geography of Ancient Greece and how did that impact its culture?
Very mountainous hard to travel and associate with each other
A series of rulers from a single family is called a ___dynasty____________.
Explain the Mandate of Heaven:
Way to justify overthrowing a dynasty in china
The idea that family relationships are important and each member of the family has a role to play is a major part of the Chinese philosophy__Confucianism__________________.
Explain the different types of Greek columns:
Doric , ionic, Corinthian
Explain both Hammurabi’s code and Justinian’s code. Include the impact they had on the world.
Long lasting code of laws that shaped their areas for years and years
Explain how the Arab world(Islam) was spread so easily
Many welcomed islam since they were sick
of being under other rule
___Vikings_________ used their military might to plunder and pillage European countries as they came down from Scandinavia
How was Christianity spread after the death of Jesus? By peter and paul throughout the empire
List four facts about Julius Caesar
Member of 1
Conqueror of Gaul
himself dictator for life
Stabbed in the back
The Greeks heavily influenced the ____Romans____ whose Empire would become one of the most powerful of all time
The disagreement over Muslim leadership lead to a ___split in the religion__________________________
During the middle ages the ______the church_________ was the only solid institution that kept things together.
Knights are to Europe as ___Samurai____________ are to Japan
Mansa Musa was the leader of __Mali____________ which specialized in trading _______gold_____ and _______salt_______ across the ___________sahara__________ desert.
The Holy Roman Empire was at its greatest glory under the leadership of __Charlemagne____________
Corn(Maize) was a staple crop for these 3 civilizations in the western hemisphere
________Aztecs______________ ________Mayans___________ _______Incans_________
The ___Magna Carta_________________ placed restrictions on the King of England and gave more rights to the people.
Explain the goals of the Crusades and their lasting contributions to the world
the holy land
Weakened the power of the church
Opened up trade with arab world
Way to get rid of quarrelsome knights
Long lasting resentment between Christians, jews, and muslims
Florence, Italy is known as the birthplace of the __Renaissance________________ movement.
List 3 major effects
of the Bubonic Plague
Break down of feudalism
1/3 of the population declined
During the Middle Ages the preservation of Greek and Roman texts can mostly be contributed to the ______Muslim_______ people who spread their religion as far as Spain.
An ideal society, known in a book called _________Utopia_________, was written by Sir Thomas ___Moore____
COMPARE and CONTRAST VENN DIAGRAMS:
10 bullet points in each section
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Domain -> Sample Free-Response Questions
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Domain -> The Glass Castle Jeanette Walls
3675 -> The civil war: north vs. South
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holy roman empire
impact they had
middle ages because