Pre ap world I final Exam Study Guide



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Pre AP World I Final Exam Study Guide

  1. The time when people stopped being nomads and switched to farming is known as the ____neolithic____ Revolution.

  2. 1/3 of Western European population died during the middle ages because of the __black death________

  3. Your pilgrimage to Mecca as an Muslim is known as the ___Hajj______

  4. The main religion of Japan=_____Shinto________

  5. The founder of Islam, ____Muhammad_________, was born in ___Mecca_______.

  6. Goods such as porcelain and silk would come from the country of _China__________.

  7. The FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM are:

    1. Declare Faith___________________

    2. Fast during Ramadan_________________________________

    3. Pray 5 times a day________________________________________

    4. Give money to poor_______________________________________

    5. Hajj – Pilgrimage to Mecca________________________________________



  1. Monotheism - ____One God_____ Polytheism - ___Many gods___________

  2. The Great wall of china_________ was built by emperor ____Qin Shi Huangdi_________ to keep out invaders, especially the Huns.

  3. Famous artists during the renaissance - ___Leonardo Da Vinci_________ and_____Michelangelo________

  4. The _Cyrillic___ alphabet was created so the Slavic people or Russia could read the Bible

  5. The ____Dome____ of the Rock is located in __Jerusalem______________

  6. Muslims face mecca when they ___Pray____ 5 times a day

  7. Zoroaster was the religious prophet for the ___Persian________ empire

  8. __Joan___ of _Arc____ was a French peasant girl who helped them defeat the English

  9. Holy books:

  1. Islam - __Koran_____

  2. Christianity - ___Bible_______

  3. Hinduism - __Vedas__________

  4. Judaism - __Torah________

  1. Battle of Tours stopped the spread of the ___Muslims_____

  2. Vassals would give land to the ____Knights_____ in return for protection

  3. Filial piety is Confucius’ thoughts on respecting your __Elders_____

  4. Guttenberg is known for inventing the __Printing Press_______________

  5. Imperial bureaucracy and tolerance was stressed by the Persian king ___Cyrus____

  6. Granting land in return for loyalty is the __Feudal_____ system

  7. Famous Byzantine church - ___Hagia Sophia______________

  8. Old stone age people got food by ___Hunting_________ and _____Gathering_______

  9. Old Stone Age is also known as the _Paleolithic_________ Age

  10. Caste System is the social structure of the __Hindu______ religion

  11. Peasants of the Middle Ages - ___Serfs_________

  12. _Gold____ and __Salt____ were the major trade goods of Ghana and Mali

  13. A plot of land in the middle ages was known as a __fief__

  14. The Peloponnesian war was fought between _____sparta____ and ______Athens_________, with the winner being ____Sparta______.

  15. Athens, Sparta, Troy are all considered __City____-__States____ of Greece

  16. ________Alexander__________ the Great Ruled from Greece to the Indus River Valley

  17. In a _____Direct________ democracy all the people rule

  18. When a few powerful people rule, like in Sparta, its called a ____Oligarchy________.

  19. King or queen rule - ___Monarchy________

  20. Pericles ruled during the _Golden___ age of Athens

  21. Walk on two feet - ______Hominids_______, earliest one found on the continent of __Africa______

  22. __Paul___ was known for spreading Christianity all over the Roman Empire

  23. Mythical founders of Rome - ____Romulus________ and __________Remus_____________

  24. Emperor who divided the Roman Empire - __________Diocletian____________

  25. The __Tiber____ river ran through Rome

  26. First Emperor of Rome - _______Augustus____________________

  27. The 12 followers of Jesus were his ________apostles/disciples___________________

  28. Punic wars:

  1. Leader of Rome- _________Scipio______________

  2. Leader of Carthage- ______Hannibal___________________

  1. Ancient Rome:

  1. Lower class - _____Plebians___________________

  2. Upper Class - ________Patricians_______________________

  1. A promise between god and man was a _____Covenant_______________________

  2. Four noble truths are important to religion of __Buddhism______________________________ and are :

  1. ________life is full of suffering_____________________

  2. ________suffering caused by desires___________________

  3. _________get rid of suffering you must get rid of desires_____________

  4. ____follow the eightfold path to enlightenment_________

  1. The founder of Buddhism that reached enlightenment was __Siddhartha Gautama____________________________

  2. Famous Sports of the Minoans are__boxing___, ______wrestling________ and _bull leaping_________

  3. The religion that developed in the Byzantine Empire was ___eastern orthodox__________________ and the empires capital was known as ___________Constantinople_______________

  4. A Russian emperor took the title of __Czar____ to relate to the great Roman Empire

  5. List three characteristics of the Phoenician Empire:

    1. Ship-building

    2. Purple dye

    3. Phonetic alphabet

  1. What four areas gave way to Early River Valley Civilizations?

  1. Mesopotamia

  2. Egypt

  3. Indus

  4. China

  1. Explain the concept of the Indian Caste System:

Cant move up during your life, only through reincarnation. Created by aryans



  1. Four Facts about Buddhism:

  1. India

  2. nirvana

  3. Spread to rest Asia

  4. Four noble truths




  1. Both Hinduism and Buddhism share the idea of reaching full ___enlihtenment____________________




  1. The conqueror of the Persian Empire was ____Alexander________ the ____Great________.



  1. What was the geography of Ancient Greece and how did that impact its culture?

Very mountainous hard to travel and associate with each other



  1. A series of rulers from a single family is called a ___dynasty____________.




  1. Explain the Mandate of Heaven:

Way to justify overthrowing a dynasty in china


  1. The idea that family relationships are important and each member of the family has a role to play is a major part of the Chinese philosophy__Confucianism__________________.




  1. Explain the different types of Greek columns:

Doric , ionic, Corinthian


  1. Explain both Hammurabi’s code and Justinian’s code. Include the impact they had on the world.

Long lasting code of laws that shaped their areas for years and years

  1. Explain how the Arab world(Islam) was spread so easily

Many welcomed islam since they were sick of being under other rule


  1. ___Vikings_________ used their military might to plunder and pillage European countries as they came down from Scandinavia




  1. How was Christianity spread after the death of Jesus? By peter and paul throughout the empire



  1. List four facts about Julius Caesar

  1. Member of 1st triumvirate

  2. Conqueror of Gaul

  3. Named himself dictator for life

  4. Stabbed in the back




  1. The Greeks heavily influenced the ____Romans____ whose Empire would become one of the most powerful of all time




  1. The disagreement over Muslim leadership lead to a ___split in the religion__________________________

  2. During the middle ages the ______the church_________ was the only solid institution that kept things together.



  1. Knights are to Europe as ___Samurai____________ are to Japan



  1. Mansa Musa was the leader of __Mali____________ which specialized in trading _______gold_____ and _______salt_______ across the ___________sahara__________ desert.



  1. The Holy Roman Empire was at its greatest glory under the leadership of __Charlemagne____________



  1. Corn(Maize) was a staple crop for these 3 civilizations in the western hemisphere

________Aztecs______________ ________Mayans___________ _______Incans_________


  1. The ___Magna Carta_________________ placed restrictions on the King of England and gave more rights to the people.




  1. Explain the goals of the Crusades and their lasting contributions to the world



    1. Recover the holy land

    2. Weakened the power of the church

    3. Opened up trade with arab world

    4. Way to get rid of quarrelsome knights

    5. Long lasting resentment between Christians, jews, and muslims

  1. Florence, Italy is known as the birthplace of the __Renaissance________________ movement.




  1. List 3 major effects of the Bubonic Plague



  1. Break down of feudalism

  2. 1/3 of the population declined

  3. Anti-semitism



  1. During the Middle Ages the preservation of Greek and Roman texts can mostly be contributed to the ______Muslim_______ people who spread their religion as far as Spain.




  1. An ideal society, known in a book called _________Utopia_________, was written by Sir Thomas ___Moore____


COMPARE and CONTRAST VENN DIAGRAMS:

10 bullet points in each section


Judaism

CHRISTIANITY


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BUDDHISM

HINDUISM

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