Renaissance humanism was a contradiction of the Middle Ages in that it



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HUMANISM


Renaissance humanism was a contradiction of the Middle Ages in that it

  1. Denied Church doctrine, including the Trinity

  2. Promoted art, especially painting

  3. Ignored the authority of the Church

  4. Emphasized the goodness of the present and the power of humanity

`e.Sought a logical explanation for the outbreak of plague in the 14th century

Renaissance humanism drew its main inspiration from



a.

religious asceticism

b.

classical languages and literature

c.

the curricula of medieval universities

d.

political reforms of the Holy Roman Empire

e.

the ideas of Dante's Inferno

1. Renaissance humanism is primarily defined as

(A) a curriculum based on the study of the classics, rhetoric, and history

(B) an antireligious program dedicated to the destruction of the Church

(C) an artistic style that portrayed the depraved state of human beings

(D) a philosophical movement that emphasized the beauty of nature

(E) a religious movement that attempted to make Christianity relevant to daily experience

Renaissance humanism


  1. Devalued mastery of ancient languages

  2. Urged the development of a single talent to perfection

  3. Valued ancient philosophers as the final authorities on all matters

  4. Denied the existence of God

  5. Valued scholarship for its own sake and for the glory it brought the city-state

The first humanists were



  1. Politicians and their secretaries

  2. Farmers and blacksmiths

  3. Historians and musicians

  4. Orators and poets

  5. Clergy

Which of the following was the most important intellectual recovery made during the Italian Renaissance



  1. Apostolic theology

  2. Spartan military strategies

  3. Roman studies

  4. Greek studies

  5. Roman law

“It was a literary movement that reflected an new way of looking at the human condition. The writers were laymen, not clergy , who examined secular issues such as politics and the emotional life of the individual. While they drew on the themes of the ancient classics and often wrote in classical Latin and Greek, they also laid the foundations for modern language and literature by writing in their mother tongue”


The literary movement described above is

  1. Secularism

  2. Individualism

  3. Classicism

  4. Humanism

  5. Virtu

Which is true of Humanism?

  1. It set a limit on what human beings could accomplish in this world

  2. It emphasized the study of Greek and Roman classical literature

  3. It sought to understand human nature exclusively by means of studying the writings of the early Christian philosophers

  4. It promoted medieval lifestyle

e. It discouraged a study of pagan writers

The humanists of the Renaissance differed from the traditional medieval philosophers in the humanists’



  1. interest in the spiritual life of people

  2. lack of interest in Ancient Greek and Roman culture

  3. rejection of Christian principles

  4. emphasis on the importance of the individual

The primary shift in thinking brought by the Italian Renaissance was

  1. renewed interest in art

  2. an outpouring of religious fervor

  3. ultramontanism, or great reverence for the papacy

  4. an interest in political unity

  5. appreciation for the abilities and power of man

Renaissance humanism was a contradiction of the Middle Ages in that it



  1. Denied Church doctrine, including the Trinity

  2. Promoted art, especially painting

  3. Ignored the authority of the Church

  4. Emphasized the goodness of the present and the power of humanity

  5. Sought a logical explanation for the outbreak of plague in the 14th century

In Europe, a major characteristic of humanism was



  1. a belief in the supremacy of the state in relation to individual rights

  2. a rejection of ancient civilizations and their cultures

  3. an emphasis on social control and obedience to national rulers

  4. an appreciation for the basic worth of individual achievement

Which statement best describes a characteristic of the Renaissance in Europe?

  1. the social structure became very rigid

  2. creativity in the arts was encouraged

  3. the political structure was similar to that of the Roman Empire

  4. humanism decreased in importance

“Europe is waking out of a long, deep sleep…time was when learning was only found in the religious orders…learning has passed to secular princes and peers.”

This quotation best describes the



  1. Renaissance

  2. decline of the Roman Empire

  3. Crusades

  4. rise of Christianity

Humanist scholars broke from medieval scholarly tradition

  1. in declaring that all knowledge was relative

  2. by insisting on reading the original manuscript

  3. by challenging the existence of God

  4. by supporting scientific experimentation

  5. by rejecting the central authority of the church

Which was a major characteristic of the Renaissance?



  1. conformity

  2. humanism

  3. mysticism

  4. obedience

Which of the following cities became the center of the High Renaissance (1490-1520) culture?

  1. Rome

  2. Venice

  3. Florence

  4. Naples

  5. Milan

European society during the Renaissance differed from European society during the Middle Ages in that during the Renaissance



  1. the Church was no longer influential

  2. the emphasis on individual worth increased

  3. economic activity declined

  4. art no longer contained religious themes

The humanists of the Renaissance differed from the traditional medieval philosophers in the humanists’

  1. interest in the spiritual life of people

  2. lack of interest in Ancient Greek and Roman culture

  3. rejection of Christian principles

  4. emphasis on the importance of the individual

In the Renaissance period, which factor was emphasized by the philosophy of humanism?

  1. superiority of medieval thought

  2. devotion to religion

  3. value of the individual

  4. obedience to government officials

APPENDIX

Renaissance humanism was a contradiction of the Middle Ages in that it



  1. Denied Church doctrine, including the Trinity

  2. Promoted art, especially painting

  3. Ignored the authority of the Church

  4. Emphasized the goodness of the present and the power of humanity

`e.Sought a logical explanation for the outbreak of plague in the 14th century

Renaissance humanists were primarily interested in the Roman politician Cicero because of



  1. his moral courage

  2. his detailed explanation of he crisis of the late Roman Republic

  3. his denunciation of Caesar’s tyranny

  4. his financial acumen

  5. the beauty of his Latin prose

3. During the Renaissance, humanism contributed LEAST to which of the following?
(A) Popularization of medieval legends

(B) Renewed interest in original Greek and Roman manuscripts

(C) Development of modern national languages

(D) Promotion of liberal arts education

(E) Refinements in social manners and personal habits

The term "humanism," when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the:

(A) renewed interest in the scientific method at many Italian universities

(B) capitalist values advanced by leading Italian merchant bankers

(C) anti-religious movement among leading Italian intellectuals

(D) scholarly interest in the study of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome

(E) non-Christian themes that became prominent in Italian art and literature

Renaissance humanists were primarily interested in the Roman politician Cicero because of



  1. His moral courage

  2. His detailed explanation of the crisis of the late Roman Republic

  3. His denunciation of Caesar’s tyranny

  4. His financial acumen

  5. The beauty of his Latin prose





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