Review questions ch 13

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1. Powerful, strong, leader of the free world, and commander in chief describe

 a. the intentions of the Founders for the chief executive.

 b. common popular images of the American president.

 c. how the presidency has evolved in the twentieth century.

 d. the constitutional powers of the president.

2. Richard Neustadt has emphasized that presidential power is the power to

 a. command.

 b. lead.

 c. control.

 d. persuade.

3. Which of the following statements about the presidents is FALSE?

 a. All have been white males.

 b. All have been Protestant.

 c. They must be natural-born citizens and at least 35 years old.

 d. There has been much variety in their backgrounds.

4. Americans expect

 a. very little out of their presidents.

 b. presidents will be corrupt.

 c. presidents to ensure peace, prosperity, and security.

 d. Congress to be more powerful than the president.

5. The Twenty-second Amendment

 a. limits presidents to two terms.

 b. sets out procedures for presidential impeachment.

 c. provides for succession to the presidency.

 d. none of the above

6. (bonus) The most "accidental" president was

 a. Calvin Coolidge.

 b. Harry Truman.

 c. Lyndon Johnson.

 d. Gerald Ford.

7. Impeachment of a president requires a

 a. two-thirds vote in the Senate.

 b. majority vote in the House of Representatives.

 c. Supreme Court ruling.

 d. popular election.

8. In 1974, the House of Representatives, as a result of the Watergate scandal,

impeached President Nixon.

 True

 False

9. According to the Twenty-fifth Amendment, the vice president can become acting president if both he or she and the president's cabinet determine that the president is disabled.

 True

 False

10. After the vice president, the next person in the order of presidential succession is the

 a. Speaker of the House.

 b. president pro tempore of the Senate.

 c. Secretary of State.

 d. majority leader of the Senate.

11. The contemporary presidency closely resembles the one designed by the framers in 1787.

 True

 False

12. The Founders preserved the balance of power without jeopardizing the

independence of the separate branches by checking those powers that they

believed to be most dangerous.

 True

 False

13. The expansion of presidential power can be attributed to

 a. the increased prominence of the United States in the world.

 b. technological advances.

 c. presidential initiatives.

 d. all of the above

14. Which of the following is NOT a constitutional power of the president?

 a. commander in chief of the armed forces

 b. declare war

 c. veto legislation

 d. grant reprieves and pardons

15. The presidential role that receives the LEAST amount of publicity is

 a. presiding over the administration of government.

 b. appealing to the public for support for policy initiatives.

 c. dealing with Congress.

 d. negotiating with foreign powers.

16. Today, new presidents have only a very few high-level positions available for


 True

 False

17. (bonus) Which vice president commented that the vice presidency was "not worth a warm bucket of spit"?

 a. Richard Nixon

 b. John Nance Garner

 c. Dan Quayle

 d. Spiro Agnew

18. The president's cabinet

 a. was provided for by the Constitution.

 b. serves as the president's board of directors.

 c. has increased over the years with newly established executive departments

approved by Congress.

 d. can veto the president on matters of executive policy.

19. Members of the president's cabinet do not need congressional approval.

 True  False

20. Which of the following is NOT one of the main policymaking bodies in the

Executive Office of the President?

 a. the National Security Council

 b. the Council of Economic Advisors

 c. the Office of Management and Budget

 d. the Attorney General

21. The Council of Economic Advisors

 a. prepares the president's budget.

 b. advises the president on economic policy.

 c. reviews legislative proposals from the cabinet.

 d. all of the above

22. The president's clearinghouse for agency ideas is the

 a. cabinet.

 b. Office of Management and Budget.

 c. vice president.

 d. press secretary.

23. The organization of most White House staffs has been

 a. hierarchical.

 b. pluralistic.

 c. representative.

 d. disorganized.

24. In the wheel-and-spokes system of White House management,

 a. aides have very little power.

 b. aides are organized hierarchically.

 c. aides have equal status and are balanced against one another.

 d. power and responsibility are widely delegated.

25. President Reagan dispersed and delegated power widely among his advisors.

 True

 False

26. The president usually operates independently of Congress.

 True

 False

27. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the Constitution?

 a. the requirement that the president give a State of the Union address to


 b. the designation of the president as chief legislator

 c. the requirement that the president bring important matters to Congress's

attention from time to time

 d. the power of the president to veto congressional legislation

28. A pocket veto

 a. allows a president to kill a bill without either signing or vetoing it.

 b. is a law sent back to Congress with the president's reasons for rejecting it.

 c. is a bill that automatically becomes law.

 d. can be overridden by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress.

29. Which of the following statements about the president's party leadership in

Congress is FALSE?

 a. Presidents can rely on their fellow party members to always vote on their


 b. Party leadership in Congress provides the nucleus of coalitions supporting

presidential proposals.

 c. Party leadership in Congress is a principal task of every president.

 d. Presidents are highly dependent on their party to move their programs.

30. When the president’s party is in the majority in Congress, all he has to do is make sure his party members show up to vote.

 True

 False

31. When constituency opinion and the president's proposals conflict, members of Congress are more likely to vote with their constituents.

 True

 False

32. The influence of presidential coattails

 a. is highest in midterm elections.

 b. has diminished in significance.

 c. is especially important in Senate races.

 d. creates dramatic swings in the composition of Congress.

33. Since 1953, most Republican presidents have lacked a majority in one or both houses of Congress during most of their terms.

 True

 False

34. Public approval of the president

 a. strengthens opposition to the president's policies.

 b. allows the president to control Congress.

 c. gives the president leverage at the margins of coalition building.

 d. does not affect opportunities for policy change.

35. Public approval gives the president leverage, not control.

 True

 False

36. Which of the following is NOT true of electoral mandates?

 a. They are powerful symbols in American politics.

 b. They give legitimacy and credibility to new presidents.

 c. They change the premises of decisions.

 d. They are guaranteed by large electoral majorities.

37. Which of the following is NOT among the legislative strategies of the president?

 a. making personal appeals

 b. avoiding bargains to build majorities

 c. exploiting the honeymoon period

 d. establishing priorities among legislative proposals

38. The president does not have to bargain with every member of Congress to receive support.

 True

 False

39. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

 a. After accounting for party and public support, presidents differ greatly in

terms of legislative success.

 b. The president's legislative skills are at the core of presidential leadership

of Congress.

 c. Successful presidents exploit favorable configurations of political forces.

 d. Most presidents have been able to change the political landscape and

create opportunities for change.

40. The president must receive Senate approval prior to extending diplomatic

recognition to foreign governments.

 True

 False

41. When the Constitution was written,

 a. the president was not considered commander in chief.

 b. no one expected the United States to have a permanent army.

 c. the United States was involved in several military alliances.

 d. the United States had a large standing army.

42. The power to declare war belongs to

 a. the president.

 b. Congress.

 c. the Secretary of Defense.

 d. the National Security Council.

43. The War Powers Resolution

 a. strengthens presidential power during times of war.

 b. limits congressional power during time of war.

 c. is part of the Constitution.

 d. provides for a legislative veto to end American involvement in overseas


44. Since its passage in 1973, most presidents have regarded the War Powers

Resolution as an unconstitutional infringement on presidential power.

 True

 False

45. Because of its access to information, Congress has become most prominent in handling crises.

 True

 False

46. When it comes to national security,

 a. Congress has no constitutional role.

 b. presidential leadership in policymaking is central.

 c. members of Congress usually initiate policies.

 d. presidents always get their way.

47. In matters of national security, the role of Congress has typically been oversight of the executive rather than initiation of policy.

 True

 False

48. Perhaps the greatest source of influence a president has is

 a. public support.

 b. party leadership.

 c. ability to parcel out favors.

 d. constitutional powers.

49. Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 a. Presidents sometimes rely on persuasion.

 b. Presidents are passive followers of public opinion.

 c. The White House is a virtual whirlwind of public relations activity.

 d. Most presidents make frequent public appearances.

50. Ceremonial responsibilities are not considered important by presidents and are usually given to the vice president.

 True

 False

51. Which of the following is NOT a key explanation of the public's support for a


 a. a predisposition

 b. party affiliation

 c. the honeymoon period

 d. first-hand experiences

52. Rally events have an enduring impact on presidential approval scores.

 True

 False

53. All presidents since Truman have had media advice from experts on lighting,

makeup, stage settings, camera angles, clothing, pacing of delivery, and other

facets of making speeches.

 True

 False

54. Which of the following presidents was NOT considered an effective speaker?

 a. Franklin D. Roosevelt

 b. John Kennedy

 c. Richard Nixon

 d. Ronald Reagan

55. Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 a. Modern presidents monitor the media closely.

 b. As long as their goals differ, the president and the media are likely


 c. Most of what people know about the president comes through the mass


 d. White House staff members generally ignore the media.

56. The person who most often deals directly with the press is the president's press secretary.

 True

 False

57. The term "body watch" refers to the media's

 a. preoccupation with the president's physical health.

 b. analysis of the body of issues on the executive agenda.

 c. step-by-step account of the president's personal and official activities.

 d. presence at presidential press conferences.

58. Studies have shown that the media are systematically biased against the president.

 True

 False

59. Major policy change is virtually impossible under a divided government.

 True

 False

60. Most recently, the institution that has championed constraints on government and limits on spending has been

 a. Congress.

 b. the presidency.

 c. interest groups.

 d. the bureaucracy.

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