Russia Joseph Stalin Italy Fascist Benito Mussolini



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WORLD WAR II:

Militarism develops Worldwide:

Totalitarianism: The individual was nothing; the state was everything.

Russia - Joseph Stalin

Italy - Fascist Benito Mussolini

Germany - Adolf Hitler


Rome - Berlin Axis

Japan - Emperor Hirohito

Mussolini attacked Ethiopia in 1935.
Germany Begins Aggression:


  1. Compulsory military service in Germany.

  2. Germany marched into the demilitarized German Rhineland.

He whipped the new German Air Force and mechanized ground divisions

into the most devastating military machine.



  1. In March 1938, Hitler bloodlessly occupied German-speaking Austria.

  2. In 1938 he demanded the German-inhabited Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia.

Britain and France practice a policy of appeasement.

  1. March 1939 Hitler erased the rest of Czechoslovakia.

Russia now signed, on August 23, 1939 a non-aggression treaty with the Germans.

  1. Hitler now demanded from Poland a return of the areas taken after W.W.I. He

crashed into Poland at dawn on September 1, 1939.

Britain and France, honoring their commitments to Poland, promptly declared war.






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