From interviews with Giovanna's daughter, Filomena (Florence Feuerstein) and from notes taken in Pisa 28 May, 1990
Giovanna (Jennie) Palombo was born to Raffaelo Palombo and Filomena DiDonato Palombo on 15 November 1893 in Vicalvi, Caserta Province, Italy. She traveled to America in 1915. Her Ellis Island Manifest records the following:
S.S. Santa Anna sailing from Naples, May 18, 1915
Arrive Port of New York June 1, 1915
Traveling with: Pietro Palombo, 31, Merchant
Francesco Palombo, 9, Son
Fiorina Palombo, 9, Daughter
Age: 29 (21 Actual)
Married: Y (Incorrect)
Able to Read and Write: Yes (Incorrect)
Name and complete address of nearest relative in country where
Ever to prison or almshouse ..., Polygamist, Anarchist: No
Whether coming by means of an offer ... to labor in US: No
Condition of health, mental and physical: good
Deformed or crippled: No
Height: 5'-5" (5'0" actual) Complexion: Fair
Color of hair: Brown; Color of eyes: Chestnut
Place of Birth: Vicalvi, Italy
Giovanna immigrated under the pretense that she was married to Pietro Palombo. She was pregnant. She set up residence in Denver (Pietro and his children continued to their farm in Derby, Colorado). Her daughter, Filomena, was born Christmas Day 1915. Filomena's birth certificate gives their address as 3334 Navajo Street, Denver. Father - Pietro, 32. Giovanna's age is correctly stated, 22.
In Denver during and after her pregnancy, Giovanna became acquainted with several life-long friends:
Mary (Colaianni) Elio whose husband later ran a seedy bar in Denver. Filomena's husband, Chic, visited it once in the late 1940's and remembers how creepy it was. Mary is Filomena's godmother.
Pete and Anne (Colaianni) Ciancio, Mary's sister. Pete played semi-professional baseball in Denver, gave kids his old uniforms.
Through the Elio family, Giovanna was introduced to Giacomo Manfredo, An immigrant from Casamassina, Bari Province, Italy. Elio's had moved to Denver from Pocatello, Idaho where they had originally immigrated with Giacomo, then moving to Denver to find work during a railroad strike in Idaho. There they met Giovanna and her 2 year old daughter, Filomena. Elio's wrote to Giacomo about Giovanna, and made the introduction that led to their marriage in Denver in 1917. They soon moved to Pocatello where he worked for the Union Pacific railroad.
Giovanna and Giacomo had two more children -
Dominic (b. 1920) and Christina (b. 1927).
A second son, Ralph, born in 1922, died in
1923 due to complications from measles.
Filomena remembers an Italian midwife,
listed as Anna White on the birth
certificates, helped deliver Dominic and
Crissy in their home.
Giacomo and Giovanna purchased a substantial brick house at 529 N. 5th
street from Charlie Busco, another Italian immigrant. Both Jack and
Jennie were very proud of their purchase. They rented out the main
floor to offset the mortgage payments for several years until the
payments were affordable - Filomena remembers living in the basement.
They were always generous with their accommodations - the Colaianni
others. They also allowed a crippled man to live in the chicken
coop in the backyard, for whom Jennie often made dinner.
Giovanna crocheted lace for St. Anthony's altar and, at times, cleaned
pullman cars in addition to full time housewife duties. Her garden was
masterful. She grew vegetables in raised beds which she learned as a
teenager in Vicalvi.
Giacomo's brother Giuseppe (Joe) lived with them in later years, died when Filomena was young - she remembers that the body was displayed in their living room for several days.
Neither Giacomo or Giovanna were literate. From first grade on, Filomena (changed to Florence when she entered school) countersigned Papa's wage check. The Manfredo name was spelled differently at times - Manfredi, Montfraid, Monfreda.
The Manfredo's lived in an Italian neighborhood in Pocatello, most of the Italians worked for the Union Pacific. Guido Bozzi, Frank Bozzi, Ricco Benedetti and Vetrano, Bozzi, Busco, DiGiacomo, Ferri, Benedetti, Miraglio, DiPhillips, Valentino, Colaianni, Conzoni.
Other neighbors are listed in the accompanying article from
the Pocatello newspaper. Frank Bozzi later lived in Boise, where he
knew brother Dominic. Guido (Mike) Bozzi, Frank's brother, died at age
16. Giacomo's bosses were John Cusano, Nieda DeGregorio, and Mike Gates.
Ricco Benedetti was a close friend of Dominic's. They joined the
National Guard together and later served together in Europe during WWII.
Mary Elio Conzone, who lived several blocks away in the Pocatello
neighborhood, married in Denver, and was Godmother to Jennifer, Chrissy's
second daughter and Gary, Filomena's second son.
In Pocatello Giacomo liked an Italian bar on 7th Street, Lucky Seven,
not far from home. Tony Colaianni ran the neighborhood Star Grocery in
this Pocatello Italian Community.
Giovanna's parents, Raffaello and Filomena Palombo were born circa 1865 and married circa 1888 in Vicalvi, Italy (near Naples). They farmed in Vicalvi. Children born in Viclavi - Dominic (1891), Angelo (1899), Attilio (1895) and Giovanna (1893). They moved in 1925 to a 10 acre (?) farm about 3 kilometers North of Pisa within sight of the Tower. Each night before bed Raffaello drank a glass of wine, which he continued up to the night he died in bed, beside Filomena who found he had passed away quietly at night in 1952. He was about 87 years old. His death was attributed to tumors.
Dominic's daughter Rosina married Giovani Marcelli in Pisa. Giovani died in 1975 from lung cancer attributed to cigarette smoking. Rosina owns and operates a flower and gift shop in Pisa located on Via Pietrasantina in Pisa, about 1 kilometer Northwest of the Tower. Her niece Anna worked for her in 1990. Rosina goes by her maiden name Rosina Palombo. They had no children.
Maria married Attilio Iacobelli in November 1941. Their marriage was arranged by their parents when Maria was 15. They were enamored with each other and courted for 8 years before they were married in Pisa. In 1935, Attilio and his father built the house where they now live at 991 Via Livornese, San Piero a Grado, Pisa. The house is about 1kilometer East of the Chiesa San Piero a Grado, the family's parish, where the daughters were baptised and married. Attilio had 4 brothers and 2 sisters. Attilio's father traveled to America 3 or 4 times. Attilio served in the Army during WWII, prisoner of war, and returned to a career as a butcher with a shop in downtown Pisa. Maria has been a housewife throughout their marriage. Attilio has built apartments on a portion of the property behind their house. The remainder of the property was cultivated as a vineyard until 1988 when heart surgery dictated that Attilio limit his activities. Maria and Attilio have 3 daughters - Carla (b. 1943), Anna Maria (b. 1948) and Rosalba (b. 1949).
Carla married Vittorio Giordani and lives in the ground floor of her parents' house with her two sons Alessandro (b. 1965) and Davido (b.1975). Vittorio is a chemist for an animal products company. Alessandro works as a bar tender near the American military base in Pisa. He is engaged and plans to marry as soon as he is able to purchase a house. Anna Maria is married to Pardi Massimo. They live on Via Livornese about 1.5 kilometers closer to town than her parents. They have two kids - Francesca (b. 1975) and Frederico (b. 1976). Pardi is an administrator for the gas company. Anna works for her Aunt Rosina in the flower shop. Rosalba married Roberto Iacopini (b. 1948). They live in one of her parents apartments behind the family house. They have a son Paolo (b.1973) who is studying math in High School. Roberto is a barber.
Giovanna's second brother, Angelo Palombo, moved to America where he married Julia Bissiniani and worked in the steel mills in Pennsylvania. Angelo died about 1980, survived by his wife Julia and two sons Gilbert and Edward. Julia continues to live in Alaquippa, Pennsylvania (1997). Angelo traveled to Idaho to visit his sister Jennie during the 1930's.
Giovanna's youngest brother, Attillio Palombo, lived in Pisa. Following Dominic's death in America, he married his brother's wife, Carolina, much to the family's dismay. The marriage did not work out well, Attilio was hoping to gain wealth. He is not highly regarded by the family - a disgrace, in fact. Brother Attilio born 1906, died in Pisa in 1956 due to a lung problem caused by cigarette smoking.
Giacomo died in Pocatello on Christmas Day, 1963. Giovana died in Aberdeen, Washington 23 March 1975. Both she and Giacomo are buried in Pocatello.