10-1 Vocabulary Jacksonian Democracy Nominating Conventions – a meeting at which a political party selects its presidential and vice presidential candidate; first held in the 1820s
Jacksonian democracy – An expansion of voting rights during the popular Andrew Jackson administration.
Democratic Party – A political party formed by supporters of Andrew Jackson after the presidential election of 1824.
spoils system – A politicians’ practice of giving government jobs to his or her supporters
Kitchen Cabinet – President Andrew Jackson’s group of informal advisers; so called because they often met in the White House kitchen.
10-2 Vocabulary Jackson’s Administration Tariff of Abominations – The nickname given to a tariff by southerners who opposed it.
State’s rights doctrine – The belief that the power of the states should be greater than the power of the federal government.
Nullification crisis – A dispute led by John C. Callhoun that said that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution.
McCulloch v. Maryland – U.S. Supreme Court case that declared the Second Bank of the United States was unconstitutional and that Maryland could not interfere with it.
Whig Party – A political party formed in 1834 by opponents of Andrew Jackson and who supported a strong legislature.
Panic of 1837 – A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression.
10-3 Vocabulary Indian Removal Indian Removal Act – A congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River.
Indian Territory – An area covering most of present-day Oklahoma to which most Native Americans in the Southeast were forced to move in the 1830s.
Bureau of Indian Affairs – A government agency created in the 1800s to oversee federal policy toward Native Americans.
Worcester v. Georgia – The Supreme Court ruling that stated that the Cherokee nation was a distinct territory over which only the federal government had authority; ignored by both President Andrew Jackson and the state of Georgia.
Trails of Tears – An 800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people.