Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were three greek philosophers that questioned the world. Each used their own minds in order to get reasonable answers to questions, instead of those answered by society



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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were three greek philosophers that questioned the world. Each used their own minds in order to get reasonable answers to questions, instead of those answered by society; the greek society answered these questions by saying, “The gods did this…” Socrates is the eldest of these philosophers and began the questioning of the world. Plato followed and was Socrates’ most famous student. Aristotle came last, student of Plato, and disagreed with both philosophers theories. In the end, these three philosophers had a similar acheivement, that is they all contributed to the rise of philosophy.

The first “lover of wisdom” is Socrates. Socrates taught his students that education was the key to personal growth and insisted that the students be trained to think for themselves. He never used memorization as a teaching tool. Eventually, his teaching method became known as the Socratic Method. One of his most famous quotes is, “wisest is she who knows, she does not know.” Socrates questioned the public officials, criticized democracy, and mocked all the sophists (Athenian teachers). He was falsely accused of denying the existence of gods and corrupting the youth. Although, denying his teachings could’ve saved his life, he did not deny anything and did little to defend himself. He was executed, mainly he was pressured to commiting suicide. Plato’s records are the evidence that we have of Socrates and his teachings, though we have no evidence of any further thoughts Socrates might have had.

Plato was once Socrates’ student and followed Socrates’s teachings after he died. Plato founded a school called the Academy. The Academy was a special school in Athens that taught philosophy. Plato wrote imaginary discussions, that were said to people that dealt with the government, education, justice, and religion. Though, he was also interested in politics. His view of an ideal government was an aristocracy,a government ruled by an upper class. Plato’s imaginary discussions, dialogues, mainly featured Socrates teaching and asking questions, but Plato would present his theories as well. Plato most important idea was the the “Theory of Forms.” He believed that the senses were easily misguided and that a true philosopher pursued knowledge of the perfect form that lay beyond the senses. He also believed that human being consisted of two parts, the body and the soul. His ideal rulers were philosophers, chosen for their wealth, ability, and high ideals.

The last of the great three was Aristotle, a widely known philosopher who was also a biologist. Aristotle was one of Plato’s students. Aristotle believed that every field of knowledge, he studied almost every field known during his time, was to be studied logically. He classified and defined objects and this process is important to modern day science. He tried to find out what brings people happiness and what makes a good or bad play. His views on politics reflect his study of Greek culture. Unlike Socrates, he believed monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy were equally good forms of government, but felt that all three could be corrupted. He wanted to combine all three forms of government to create a limited democracy.



These three philosophers had many opinions that could be explained with science and tried to teach the world. These philosophers had a similar acheivement, that is they all contributed to the rise of philosophy. They’ve contributed to the world of philosophy and influenced a curiousity people have. All three were connected and in the end, inspired the world. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle will be known for many generations to come.

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