Soldiers who can be called upon and ready to fight at a moment’s notice

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Chapter 5

Road To The Revolution Study Guide
Define The Following

1.Minutemen-Soldiers who can be called upon and ready to fight at a moment’s notice

2.Militia-Group of ordinary citizens called upon to serve in military
3.Quartering Act-Law passed forcing the colonists to house and feed British soldiers
4.Committees of Correspondence-Network of people to communicate throughout the colonies
5.Boycott-To protest by refusing to use
Short Answer

6.What did the Proclamation of 1763 say? Why did it upset the colonists?

-Colonists couldn’t settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. That upset them because they just fought for this land during the French and Indian Wars
7.What was the purpose of the Stamp Act?

-The Stamp Act imposed a tax on all printed papers. Used to make money off of the Colonists
8.How does “No Taxation Without Representation” relate to the Stamp Act?

-Colonists had no representation in government, so they seen it as unfair when they were taxed by Parliament.
9.Why were the Tea Act and the Townshend Acts ultimately failures?

The King misunderstood the colonists and he felt that these taxes would make the colonists happy. Still was taxation without representation
10.Describe the Boston Massacre

Soldiers fired at unarmed civilians in the midst of a riot. The killing of citizens outraged the colonists
11.How did Intolerable Acts unite the Colonists?

A crime on one of the colonies was a crime on all of the colonies
12.What did the battles at Lexington and Concord prove?

Battles at Lexington and Concord proved that the colonists were wiling to fight for what they believed in
13.Who fought in the French and Indian war? Why were they fighting?

French and Indians fought the British and the colonists over the Ohio Valley.
14.What was the purpose of the Boston Tea Party?

-To protest the Tea Act
15.What is the difference between a Patriot and a Loyalist?

-Patriots wanted to break away from Great Britain and Loyalists wanted to remain loyal to the King.
16.What was the purpose of the Intolerable Acts?

-To punish the Colonists for the Boston Tea Party
17.What is the difference between primary sources and secondary sources?

Primary Source-First hand, eyewitness account and secondary sources are analysis of primary sources
18.Why did the King think the Proclamation of 1763 was a good idea?

Keep Natives and Colonists separated


-Not fair to tax someone when they have no representation in the government that is taxing them.

20.Explain one way the colonists protested the new taxes


21.What is Parliament?

-Law making part of the British government

22.What is the main job of the legislative branch of the U.S. government?

-To make Laws—House and Senate

23.How did Britain deny the colonists their personal liberties?

-By taxing the colonists without allowing them to vote on the issue

24.What piece of land were they fighting over during the French and Indian War?

-The Ohio River Valley

25.How did the closing of Boston Harbor hurt the colonists?

-Cut off their ability to trade. Imports and exports
26.What is the difference between imports and exports?

-Imports are goods coming into the country and exports are goods leaving the country

27.Define the Townshend Acts?

-Townshend Acts were taxes on commonly used imports

28.Describe two American values that begin to take shape during this time period

-Democracy/self-government---Willing to Fight for what they believe in

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