32. A myth that conveys morals through the stories of anthropomorphized animals is
a. a profane myth.
b. a “trickster myth.”
c. an origin myth.
d. a sacred myth.
33. Which of the following is a major religious trend in the world today?
a. the rise of religious fundamentalism among Islamic nations
b. the dramatic decline in church membership in the United States in recent years
c. the growth of cyber-churches
d. a and c only
34. People perform religious rituals as
a. a way of invoking supernatural beings to control those forces over which they feel they have no control.
b. with as little emotion as possible, because they seldom really believe rituals are effective.
c. a way of demonstrating the strong control they have over their own lives.
d. b and c
35. Marx argued that the working class
a. would use religion to overthrow the owners.
b. understood the nature of their relationship with factory owners because of the lesson of religion.
c. was blinded by religion to the fact that they were being exploited by the ruling class.
d. a and b
36. The Crow vision quest is
a. an example of a nativistic movement.
b. an example of a cargo cult.
c. an example of a millenarian movement.
d. a normal way of dealing with the stresses and strains of everyday life.
37. The Amish of rural Pennsylvania, Indiana, or Ohio are one of the oldest and most visible religious minorities in the United States and
a. they practice strict exogamy.
b. they maintain a highly disciplined church-community and excommunicate and/or shun any erring members.
c. they use modern agricultural techniques while avoiding modern technology within their households.
d. they insist that their children attend Catholic high schools run by Jesuit priests.
38. In the Wisconsin v. Yoder court case over Wisconsin’s requirement that Amish children attend public school beyond the eighth grade, anthropologist John Hostetler explained that
a. Amish teenagers could separate the ideas they learned about society and religion in the public high schools from the lessons learned in their homes.
b. schooling alone would not cause alienation between Amish parents and their children.
c. Amish teenagers would suffer great psychological harm if kept from the public high schools attended by their peers.
d. Amish teenagers would suffer great psychological harm in public high schools, which foster radically different social and religious values from their own.