The Coming of the Civil War ap united States History

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The Coming of the Civil War

AP United States History

To understand this period and its issues, we must be aware that in slavery, the Southerners had a tiger by the tail and to hang on was embarrassing; but to let go would be costly and seemingly dangerous. So situated, they put the best face they could on their "peculiar institution," and freely quoted the Bible to defend an archaic practice that they believed both God and Jesus had tolerated, if not sanctioned.
The abolitionists, especially the Garrisonian extremists, harped on the evils of slavery; the Southerners stressed the less horrid aspects. The truth lay somewhere between. To investigate the issue of slavery we will begin by examining the origin of the practice in Colonial America and continue by investigating the importance of slavery as the Civil War approached.
The controversy over the question of the expansion of slavery that erupted after the Mexican War ultimately divided the nation. This division was temporarily quieted by the Compromise of 1850, only to explode again in the Kansas-Nebraska Act. In addition, American expansionism in the West and Caribbean was extremely controversial because it too was tied to the slavery question.
With the questions of slavery in the forefront, a series of major North-South crises arise in the late 1850s that culminates in the election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency in 1860. The ensuing result is the secession of seven states from the Union and the formation of the Confederate States of America.

abolitionism "positive good” Harriet Beecher Stowe Nat Turner Sojourner Truth Denmark Vesey Frederick Douglas Dred Scott Decision John Brown Free Soil Party Compromise of 1850 Fugitive slave Law John C. Calhoun Popular sovereignty Uncle Tom’s Cabin Stephen Douglas Freeport Doctrine Know Nothing Party John Breckinridge “necessary evil”

Kansas-Nebraska Act "house divided" speech Republican Party

George Fitzhugh, Sociology of the South Hinton Helper, The Impending Crisis

Study Question: (Min. 50 words, handwritten)

Which of the following had the greatest impact as a cause of the Civil War? Support your answer.—Due Thursday, February 20

Kansas-Nebraska Act

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry

The Dred Scott Decision

The Election of Abraham Lincoln

Textbook references: American Pageant: Chapters 16, 18, 19

Zinn, pages 171-189
Friday, February 7: We will examine the situation of sectionalism in mid 19th Century United States and predict how this separation affected the nation.

For the week—Read chapters 16 and 18 in American Pageant.
Monday, February 10: We will evaluate the effect that the land gained from the Mexican Cession had on the sectional interests of the country.

For Tuesday—Read Zinn pages 171-189 and answer the questions that go with this reading
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, Feb. 11, 12, 13 and 14: We will use these days for speeches. With any time remaining in class, we will discuss

1. The issue of nativism

2. Life in the Antebellum South

3. Southern rationalization for Slavery

4. The economic impact that Slavery had on both the North and South.
Monday, Tuesday Feb. 17, 18: We will answer the critical question of why was sectional compromise impossible in 1860, when such compromises worked in 1820 and 1850

For Tuesday—Read Zinn pages 171-189 and answer the questions that go with this reading

Wednesday, Thursday, Feb 19, 20: The Path toward Disunion: discuss the events that finally led the country to the Civil War.

For the test—Read American Pageant Cpt. 19
Friday, Feb. 21: Multiple Choice Test or DBQ

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