The Economic History Society Annual Conference University of Exeter 30 March – 1 April 2007



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The Economic History Society Annual Conference

University of Exeter 30 March – 1 April 2007

Programme including

New Researchers’ Papers

&

Abstracts of the other Academic Papers
Contents


Contents

Welcome to the University of Exeter

Summary conference programme

Brief guide to conference arrangements

How to reach the University of Exeter

Campus Plan



New ResearchersSession I




I/A 1

Human Capital

Martina G Viarengo



2

Bas van Leeuwen

3

Jeroen van Bockel

4

Francesco Cinnirella

I/B 1

Land

Matthew Clark



2

Steven Nafziger

3

Sarah Webster

4

Jonas Lindström

I/C 1

Business

Thorsten Lübbers



2

Helen Doe

3

Hiroshi Shimizu

4

Eugénie Briot

I/D 1

Overseas Expansion

Mika Suonpää



2

Cláudia Rei

3

Kate Hamblin

New ResearchersSession II

II/A Finance

1 Pilar Nogués Marco



2 3

Camila Vam Malle & Pilar Nogués Marco Mark Dincecco

Page

An historical analysis of the change in compulsory

schooling laws in Europe after the Second World War Lucas versus Romer: human capital and economic growth

in Asia 1890–2000 Are we being served? Personalized public service in the

Dutch Republic Optimists and pessimists: a revision of the nutritional

status in Britain (18th-19th centuries)

Manorial courts and management of the land in early Stuart England

Land redistributions and the Russian peasant commune in the nineteenth century

Professional networks and the Egremont Estates, 1796-1805

Peasant reproduction: mobility, household formation and socioeconomic status in early modern Sweden

Risk and return effects of collusive arrangements: the

Rhenish-Westphalian Coal Syndicate, 1893-1913 Sowing the seeds of decline: the Thames merchant

shipbuilding yards in the Napoleonic Wars Competition and technological change in semiconductor

lasers, 1960-90 Fashion sprayed and displayed: the market for perfumery

in nineteenth-century Paris

Cultural differences and overseas expansion: British

enterprise and attitudes to Balkan Slavs as business

partners, 1878-1914 The organization of merchant empires: a case study of

Portugal and England Challenging the Old Order: exploring the rise of the

engineer in commercial shipping in Britain, Germany

and France since 1830

Why did London become the main money market? Monetary policy, arbitrage and European money market integration in the eighteenth century

East India Bonds, 1718-63: early exotic derivatives

Fiscal centralization, limited government and public i

vii ix xi

xiii


1

6

13



19

27 33 39 45

51 56 62 69

73 79


84

91 102


Contents


Origins of the Welfare State

Purchasing textiles and constructing clothing in early seventeenth-century England: a consumers’ viewpoint

2 Giorgio Riello The extension of the market for cotton textiles in early

modern Eurasia

3 Craig Muldrew ‘Th’ ancient distaff’ and whirling spindle’: measuring the

contribution of spinning to household earnings and the national economy in England 1550-1770

I/C New Share Issues and Corporate Law

1 David Chambers New issues, new industries and firm survival in interwar

Britain

2 Carsten Burhop Financial development and corporate law: historical



evidence from the German IPO market, 1870-96

3 Gerben Bakker The emergence of rights-based multinationals: sunk costs,

property rights and the political economy of globalization, 1945-2000 I/D Money and Microcredit
II/B Money and Banking


  1. Marc Badia-Miró et al.

  2. Pooyan Amir Ahmadi

  3. Javier Pueyo

II/C Market Efficiency

  1. Aashish Velkar

  2. Roman Studer

  3. Frank Oberholzner

II/D Trade

II/E Political Economy

  1. Helen Yaffe

  2. Gareth Jenkins

Academic Session I

I/A 1

I/B 1

  1. Markus Lampe

  2. Andrew Morris

  3. Paul Sharp

Peter Hennock

Early Modern Textiles

Jane Whittle

finances in Europe, 1650-1914

The emergence of a social investment network around an

issuing bank: Barcelona 1844-56 Monetary policy during the Great Depression: a Bayesian

FAVAR approach Collusion, regulation and rivalry in Spanish banking

during the Franco regime

Market transparency, uniform measurements and

standardized quantities: institutional change in

nineteenth century Britain India and the Great Divergence: assessing the efficiency

of grain markets in eighteenth and nineteenth century

India Integrating natural hazards into economic history:

institutional economics and the development of

German crop insurance

Causes and effects of international trade regimes: the Cobden-Chevalier network, c.1860-77

The second age of steel: defining the era of alloy steels, 1858-1914

On the origins of the Atlantic Economy: five stylized facts about the American grain invasion of Britain, 1829-1929

Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara: a rebel against Soviet Political

Economy The Conservative approach to religious sectarianism in

Liverpool and Belfast, 1880-1921

The origins of the Welfare State in England and Germany, 1850-1914: social policies compared

110


113 119 124

130


137

145


150 156

161


169 174

181


183 184

186 187


187

188


ii

Contents

1 Montserrat Carbonell Microfinancial institutions and the periphery of financial

systems in Spain in the nineteenth century 190

2 George Selgin Monopoly, competition, and Great Britain’s ‘big problem

of small change’ 190

3 David Humphrey The development of the goldsmithing trade in late

medieval Northern Europe 191



I/E Business Performance and Regulation

  1. Mark Casson The regulation of the Victorian railway system 193

  2. Dan Bogart Private ownership and the development of transport

systems: cross-country evidence from the diffusion of
railroads in the nineteenth century 193

3 Jesús Mirás Araujo et al. Water management regulations in Spain: EMALCSA, and

the city of La Coruña’s water supply, 1975-2004 195

Academic Session II

II/A Invention in Industrial Revolution


  1. Robert C Allen Economics, science, and the British industrial revolution 197

  2. B Zorina Khan The evolution of useful knowledge: great inventors,

science and technology in British economic
development, 1750-1930 197

3 Andrew P Morris From the Courts to Congress: the evolution of Patent Law,

& Craig A Nard 1790-1952 198

II/B London Apprenticeship

1 Alysa Levene Pauper apprenticeship, the industrial economy, and the old

Poor Law in London 199

2 Katrina Honeyman The London parish apprentice and the early industrial

labour market 199

3 Jeremy Boulton Parish apprenticeship in eighteenth century and early

& Leonard Schwarz nineteenth-century London 200

II/C Currency Regimes

1 Lars Boerner Currency unions, optimal currency areas and the


& Oliver Volckart integration of financial markets: Central Europe from

the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries 201



  1. Matthias Morys The emergence of the Classical Gold Standard 201

  2. Dror Goldberg Why did Massachusetts invent modern currency? 202

II/D Public Finance and Balance of Payments

1 Herman de Jong et al. Ports, plagues and politics: the development of cities in

Italy, 1300-1861 204

2 Masato Shizume Sustainability of public debt: evidence from pre-World

War II Japan 205

3 Valerio Cerretano The Bank of England, the Treasury and Britain’s postwar

industrial reconstruction: the ‘Securities Trust’, 1921-
27 206
II/E Control in the Dictatorships

1 Oxana Klimkova Corruption in the GULAG: the case of the White-Sea

Baltic combine and the camp of the NKVD 209

2 Germà Bel Against the mainstream: Nazi privatization in 1930s

Germany 209

3 Andrei Markevich The dictator’s dilemma: to punish or to assist? Control

Party Commission under Stalin 211

II/F Postwar Economic Policy
1 Jim Tomlinson Balanced accounts? Constructing the balance of payments


iii

‘problem’ in postwar Britain 212

Contents

Glen O’Hara

Numbers, experts and ideas: international organizations, international surveys and perceptions of the outside world in Britain, c.1950-70

Michael J Oliver & Hugh Pemberton 4 Jeroen Touwen

UK economic policy in the 1960s and 1970s and the challenge to learning

Paradigmatic changes in the Netherlands, Sweden and New Zealand: from Keynesianism to the market, 1975-90



Academic Session III

III/A Women in Medieval Courts

  1. Christopher Briggs Women, debt, and the law of manor courts to 1350

  2. Matthew Stevens Small town women and the great famine of 1315-22

  3. Erin McGibbon Smith Female involvement in crime and misbehaviour in the

manor court of Sutton-in-the-Isle, 1308-91 III/B Eighteenth Century Risk Management

1 Helen Paul Risks and overseas trade: the way in which risks were

perceived and managed in the early modern period

2 Natasha Glaisyer ‘Lost, burnt or otherwise destroyed’: who bought

eighteenth-century lottery tickets?

3 Anne Laurence Portfolio management and risk at the time of the South Sea

Bubble: the case of Hoare’s Bank customers


III/C Consumers 1 Julie Marfany

Consumer revolution or industrious revolution?

Consumption patterns in eighteenth-century Catalonia The bed as an icon of early modern household



  1. Joanne Bailey & Angela McShane-Jones

  2. Peter Scott The determinants of productivity and growth for British & James Walker department stores in the 1930s

III/D Industrial Revolution in Britain and France

1 C Knick Harley Cotton textiles and the industrial revolution: competing

models and evidence of prices and profits

2 Guillaume Daudin Domestic trade and regional markets in late eighteenth

century France

3 Alessandro Nuvolari Technical choice, innovation and British steam


& Bart Verspagen engineering, c.1800-50

III/E Fertility and Labour Supply

1 Enriqueta Camps Poverty and children’s work in nineteenth and twentieth-

century Spain and currently developing countries: first results

2 Jordi Domenech Hours of work and wages in late nineteenth and early

twentieth century England and Wales: another look at urban labour market integration

Academic Session IV

IV/A Agriculture


Mennonites in West Prussia, 1776-89: economic status,

occupation, and landholding Why sharecropping? Explaining its presence and absence

in Europe’s vineyards, 1750-1950 The effects of agriculture on biodiversity, 1600-2000

In the foothills of Mt. Waaler: body mass and life chances



  1. Ingrid Peters-Fransen

  2. Juan Carmona & James Simpson

  3. Nick Hanley et al.

iv


IV/B Health and Fertility 1 Sara Horrell et al.

212 213


213

215 215


216

217 218 219

220 220

221


224 224

226


228 228

231 232 233



Contents

  1. Gareth Austin et al.

  2. Mikolaj Szoltysek

IV/C Great Depressions

  1. Peter Fearon

  2. Gary Shea & Alex Trew

  3. Monique Ebell & Albrecht Ritschl

IV/D Finance Cycles and Globalization

in mid-Victorian London The anthropometric history of Ghana, 1880-2000: an

exploration The missing link: Central European family patterns and

the reconsideration of P. Laslett’s hypotheses

Work relief, dole and unemployment during the New Deal:

a Kansas case study Dynamic financial coalitions and economic growth in the

UK Britain’s great depression, 1920-80: a general equilibrium

approach


  1. David S Jacks et al.

  2. Albrecht Ritschl & Martin Uebele

  3. Carlo Brambilla

& Giandomenico Piluso IV/E Business Productivity 1 Gil Montant

Trade costs in the first wave of globalization

Stock markets and business cycle co-movement in

Germany before World War I: evidence from spectral

analysis Are banks procyclical? Evidence from the Italian case,

1896-1975

Northern French coal companies’ performances in 1935-


45: a panel data analysis
2 Takashi Hirao The invention of tradition: corporate paternalism at the

Wills Branch of Imperial Tobacco Company IV/F Social Mobility in the Long Term



  1. Jesper Roine The evolution of top incomes in an egalitarian society: & Daniel Waldenström Sweden, 1903-2004

  2. Jason Long Social mobility within and across generations in Britain

since 1851

3 Alastair Owens et al. The final balance: death, wealth and geography in

England and Wales, 1870-1903 Economic History Society Annual Conference 2008: call for Academic papers Economic History Society Annual Conference 2008: call for New Researchers’ Papers

235 235 236

238 239 240 241

242 243


245 246

247


247

248 249 250



v

Welcome

Welcome to the University of Exeter

Welcome to the University of Exeter. We recently celebrated our Golden Jubilee as a University, since our Charter was granted in 1955, although from 1922 programmes were taught at Exeter leading to degrees from the University of London. In 2005-6 the University had nearly 14,000 students, of whom some 3,500 were postgraduates. With nearly 2,900 staff, we are the largest employer in Exeter. History was taught from the earliest days and the Department of Economic History was created in 1964. Although the Department was merged with History in 1998, there is more teaching in economic and social history at Exeter than ever before.

The Streatham campus is one of the most attractive in the country and was acquired for the University in 1922. Its original nucleus was Streatham Hall (now Reed Hall), an Italianate mansion constructed in 1867 from a bequest left by a London merchant. Some 11 acres were laid out as terraced ornamental gardens surrounded by an arboretum, and additional land purchased with the result that the present estate is around 300 acres. As a registered botanic garden, it is one of the most beautiful campuses in the country with lakes, parkland and gardens. Most of the campus buildings were built in the 1960s, although the conference accommodation consists of one of the earliest buildings to be constructed, Mardon Hall, opened in 1933, and one of the most recent, Holland Hall, completed in 2004.

Exeter was one of England’s most important early modern cities, but sadly much of this physical heritage has been destroyed. Three modern building phases are evident in the city: extensive postwar reconstruction, most notably in the High Street; the Guildhall Shopping Centre of the 1970s; and the current extensive redevelopment to the south of the High Street. But the city also boasts roman walls, a splendid medieval bridge, many medieval churches, a sixteenth-century quay with a magnificent Georgian customs house, and the delightful assemblage of buildings in the Cathedral Close. You will find information about the University and the City in your conference packs, together with some suggestions for excursions.

We hope you have a very pleasant stay here and find time to explore both the campus and the city in addition to what will undoubtedly be a stimulating academic conference.

Mark Overton (Local Organiser)

Maureen Galbraith (Administrative Secretary, Economic History Society)

vi

Conference programme



Summary Conference Programme

(See Contents for details of each session)






Friday 30th March




0915-1045 EHS Publications Committee Meeting 1100-1400 EHS Council Meeting 1200-1800 Registration

PCC 1.6

PCC Hall 1.4 & 1.5

PCC Foyer


1400-1530 New Researchers’ Session I I/A Human Capital I/B Land I/C Business I/D Overseas Expansion

PCC 1.3

PCC 1.1


PCC 2.4 & 2.5

Newman C


1530-1600 Tea

PCC Foyer

1600-1730 New Researchers’ Session II II/A Finance II/B Money and Banking II/C Market Efficiency II/D Trade II/E Political Economy

PCC 1.3

PCC 1.1


PCC 2.4 & 2.5

Newman C


Newman D

1730-1830 Open meeting for women in economic history

1815-1900 Council reception for new researchers and 1st time delegates

1830-1900 Meeting of Conference Committee

1900-2015 Dinner

2030-2130 Plenary Lecture: Professor Nicholas AM Rodger

War as an economic activity in eighteenth century Britain


PCC 2.4 & 2.5

PCC 1.4 & 1.5

PCC 1.6

Holland Hall



Newman A

Bar available until late

Holland Hall

Saturday 31st March




0730-0900 Breakfast

Holland Hall

0900-1045 Academic Session I I/A Origins of the Welfare State I/B Early Modern Textiles I/C New Share Issues and Corporate Law I/D Money and Microcredit I/E Business Performance and Regulation

PCC 1.3 PCC 1.1

PCC 2.4 & 2.5 Newman C

PCC 1.4 & 1.5


1045-1115 Coffee

PCC Foyer

1115-1300 Academic Session II II/A Invention in Industrial Revolution II/B London Apprenticeship II/C Currency Regimes II/D Public Finance and Balance of Payments II/E Control in the Dictatorships II/F Postwar Economic Policy

PCC 1.3

PCC 1.1


PCC 2.4 & 2.5

Newman C


Newman D

PCC 1.4 & 1.5



1300-1400 Lunch

Holland Hall



vii


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